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This is the second edition of the Manual der Osteosynthese by the Swiss association AO group. The 1969 edition of this manual was their first complete treatise on the principles of internal fixation. It presented detailed techniques of compression and medullary nailing first in terms of the apparatus and mechanical devices and then as these applied to clinical conditions. This concise work with its beautifully executed illustrations has been increasingly and more widely accepted by the American orthopedists. Its initial faults seemed to lie in its exclusion of complications and thorough indications for their operative stabilization techniques.
This new second edition has been fully expanded to cover any deficiencies the first edition may have had. Its new section on complications of internal fixation, including hematomas, postoperative pain, infections, and refractures, is exemplary and it has a new expanded section on indications for operative intervention. Its detailed section on internal fixation
NICHOLS T. Manual of Internal Fixation. Arch Surg. 1980;115(11):1405. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1980.01380110137029
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