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May 1982

Trauma of the Colon: Early Drop-Back of Exteriorized Repair

Author Affiliations

From the Department of Surgery, Valley Medical Center, Fresno, Calif, and the Department of Surgery, University of California School of Medicine, San Francisco.

Arch Surg. 1982;117(5):652-656. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1982.01380290098017

• Exteriorized repair of selected colonic injuries has been reported to be successful. Eighty-two colonic injuries were reviewed to determine the indications for primary repair, exteriorized repair, or colostomy and to assess the feasibility of early drop-back of the exteriorized repaired colon. Injuries were graded into three stages: stage 1, good risk; stage 2, moderate risk; and stage 3, bad risk. Sixty-seven percent of patients with stage 1 injuries underwent primary repair, 61% of patients with stage 2 injuries underwent exteriorized repair, and 61% of patients with stage 3 injuries received a colostomy. Of 38 patients who had exteriorized repair, 29 (76%) had their colon successfully dropped back on an average of five days postoperatively. Nine patients had their exteriorized colon converted to a colostomy on an average of 5.5 days postoperatively. The overall mortality was 2.4%; however, the mortality of the patients with exteriorized repair was 0%. Exteriorized repair with early drop-back is safe and economical for most patients with stage 2 injuries and selected patients with stage 3 injuries.

(Arch Surg 1982;117:652-656)

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