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October 1983

Selective Posttransplantation Bilateral Native Nephrectomy: Indications and Results

Author Affiliations

From the Department of Surgery, St Louis University School of Medicine (Drs Garvin and Codd), and the John Cochran Veterans Administration Medical Center Transplant Unit (Drs Castaneda, Garvin, and Codd and Ms Carney), St Louis.

Arch Surg. 1983;118(10):1194-1196. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1983.01390100064016

• Twenty-five patients underwent bilateral native nephrectomy one to 68 months (mean, 15.6 months) following renal transplantation. The indications were erythrocytosis in two patients, recurrent urinary tract infection in three, medically uncontrolled hypertension in 18, and hypertension and urinary tract infection in two. One patient died two months after the nephrectomy, and one allograft was lost because of acute tubular necrosis. Both patients with erythrocytosis had prompt return of the hematocrit level and RBC mass to normal. Native nephrectomy eradicated the infection in each of the five patients with recurrent urinary tract infections. Results of nephrectomy for hypertension were classified as excellent in six patients, good in nine, and poor in four. Native renal-vein renin ratios of patients with excellent or good responses were not statistically different when compared with those of poor responders.

(Arch Surg 1983;118:1194-1196)

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