• Sixty-one patients were referred in the postoperative period for stone extraction through the T-tube tract. In four patients the calculi passed spontaneously. One patient had a papilloma and another a blood clot mimicking a stone. Of the remaining 55 cases, all but three were successfully treated by removal of all calculi from the ductal system, a success rate of 94.5%. No major complications occurred in this series. We believe the combined fluoroendoscopic approach to be the preferred method of extracting stones throught the T-tube tract because of the greater precision possible when manipulating under direct vision and the reduction in radiation exposure of patients and personnel.
(Arch Surg (1983;118:1395-1397)
Berci G, Hamlin JA, Grundfest WS. Combined Fluoroendoscopic Removal of Retained Biliary Stones. Arch Surg. 1983;118(12):1395–1397. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1983.01390120025007
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