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June 1984

Gastrojejunal Disruptions: Changing Concepts in Management

Author Affiliations

From the Department of Surgery, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit.

Arch Surg. 1984;119(6):659-663. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1984.01390180027005

• From 1973 through 1983, 197 patients were treated at Harper-Grace Hospital, Detroit, according to a protocol designed to minimize the effects of possible gastrojejunal disruption. All had high-risk resections or bypasses of the stomach reconstructed with an end-to-end Roux-en-Y anastomosis using a long (100-cm) jejunal limb. Eighteen anastomoses leaked, producing fever, pain, and mild respiratory distress in 14 patients and peritonitis with shock in four. Nine of the 14 patients without shock avoided surgery, requiring only antibiotics and nutritional support. The other five had a subphrenic abscess, necessitating drainage. The four patients with shock were treated with staged intestinal discontinuity, nutritional support, and reestablishment of gastrointestinal continuity at a later date. Seventeen patients (94%) survived this serious complication, a significant improvement compared with the mortality of historical controls.

(Arch Surg 1984;119:659-663)