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March 1986

Intra-abdominal Surgery in Patients With Advanced Cirrhosis

Arch Surg. 1986;121(3):275-277. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1986.01400030029003

• Between 1971 and 1984, intra-abdominal surgical procedures were required in 51 patients with cirrhosis who had advanced liver dysfunction and/or ascites. These included the following types of surgery: gastric, 17 patients; small bowel, two patients; colon, five patients; hepatic, nine patients; and pancreas, nine patients. Twelve patients also underwent exploratory celiotomy for an acute condition of the abdomen (six patients) and jaundice (six patients). Patients fell into two groups: (1) those with prothrombin time (PT) greater than 2.5 s over control (24 patients), and (2) those with PT within 2.5 s of control (27 patients). The 30-day mortality rate was 34 (67%) of 51 patients. Nineteen (83%) of 23 patients who had ascites died. Twenty-two (91%) of 24 patients with elevated PT greater than 2.5 s of control died. Twenty-five (86%) of 29 patients who underwent surgery under emergency conditions died. Intraabdominal surgery in decompensated patients with cirrhosis must be undertaken with great caution.

(Arch Surg 1986;121:275-277)