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January 1988

Isolated Crohn's Disease of the Appendix: Two Case Reports and a Review of the Literature

Author Affiliations

From the Department of Surgery, St Elizabeth Hospital Medical Center, Youngstown, Ohio.

Arch Surg. 1988;123(1):85-87. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1988.01400250095017

• Two patients were diagnosed and treated at St Elizabeth Hospital Medical Center, Youngstown, Ohio, for isolated Crohn's disease of the appendix. Including these two patients, 75 such patients have been described in the world literature from 1953 to July 1986, to our knowledge. Crohn's disease of the appendix should be considered in patients who are in their second and third decades of life, who have pain and tenderness in the right lower quadrant of the abdomen, and whose symptoms are protracted (longer than three days) and/or recurrent. Intraoperatively, if the appendiceal wall appears hypertrophic, thickened, and chronically inflamed, a frozen section may confirm the diagnosis. Crohn's disease of the appendix is a diagnosis of exclusion. Appendectomy may be performed safely and has a low morbidity and mortality. The incidence of enterocutaneous fistula and the recurrence rate are much lower than for Crohn's disease of the small and large bowel.

(Arch Surg 1988;123:85-87)

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