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May 1989

Recent Experience With Thoracoabdominal Aneurysm Repair

Author Affiliations

From the Surgical Service, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston and the Departments of Surgery (Drs Cambria, Brewster, Moncure, Ivarsson, Darling, and Abbott) and Anesthesia (Dr Davison), Harvard Medical School, Boston, Mass.

Arch Surg. 1989;124(5):620-624. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1989.01410050110021

• Thoracoabdominal aneurysm repair was carried out in 55 patients during the period from January 1978 to June 1988. Considering the volume of experience and application of a routine for preoperative and intraoperative management, the experience was divided as follows: group 1 1978 to 1985 (26 patients) and group 2 1985 to 1988 (29 patients). Clinical features of the two groups differed only in the incidence of emergency operations (group 1 [6/18, 30%] vs group 2 [2/29, 8%]). Operative mortality in elective operations improved substantially in recent experience (group 1 [50%] vs group 2 [7.4%]). Significant reductions in total operative time, operative blood loss, and total aortic cross-clamping times paralleled and, in part, explained the improvement in overall surgical results seen in group 2 patients. Spinal cord injury occurred in 7.2% of the entire cohort. Nonfatal but major complications occurred in 25% of group 2 patients, with the most common being prolonged ventilatory assistance (12%). Current results with thoracoabdominal aneurysm repair both establish its safety and help to provide guidelines in selecting patients for elective repair.

(Arch Surg. 1989;124:620-624)

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