[Skip to Navigation]
Sign In
September 1989

Fragmentation in General Surgery: The Case of Head and Neck Surgery

Author Affiliations

Springfield, Mass

Arch Surg. 1989;124(9):1013-1014. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1989.01410090019001

This article is only available in the PDF format. Download the PDF to view the article, as well as its associated figures and tables.


Fragmentation of the specialty of general surgery has become a source of serious concern and alarm for the community of general surgeons. Part of the fragmentation stems from the burgeoning of technological interventionists, usually based in the nonsurgical specialties. Radiologists, gastroenterologists, and cardiologists, among others, have been aggressively pushing their specialties into surgical realms. Another part of the problem, however, is based on schisms between and among surgical disciplines.

A particular case in point is the controversy that has been swirling around the attempts of the specialty of otolaryngology to become designated as otolaryngology–head and neck surgery. These attempts have caused serious conflicts at the board and residency review committee levels of the two specialties. The outcome of the conflicts is not clear. What is clear is that there are enormous implications for clinical practice, board certification, and residency training in both fields, no matter what the outcome may

First Page Preview View Large
First page PDF preview
First page PDF preview
Add or change institution