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April 1990

Pancreaticoduodenectomy: University Experience and Resident Education

Author Affiliations

From the Department of Surgery, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, State University of New York, Buffalo, the Buffalo (NY) General Hospital, and the Veterans Administration Medical Center, Buffalo, NY. Dr Flint is now with the Department of Surgery, Tulane University Medical Center, New Orleans, La.

Arch Surg. 1990;125(4):463-465. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1990.01410160049011

• A radical pancreaticoduodenectomy offers the best chance for survival in patients with periampullary and pancreatic malignant neoplasms. A pancreaticoduodenectomy has educational value since complex pancreatic operations are demanding and important to the training of surgical residents. Increased pancreaticoduodenectomy experience (per surgeon) has been associated with improved outcomes. We examined the hypothesis that residents who are supervised by faculty surgeons can perform pancreaticoduodenectomies with acceptable outcomes. From 1976 to 1987,127 pancreatic resections were performed by 81 residents who were supervised by 15 faculty surgeons in four teaching hospitals. A pancreaticoduodenectomy was performed on 61 patients. All residents served as an operating surgeon on a pancreatic resection, and 58 (82%) performed pancreaticoduodenectomies. The mortality for the pancreaticoduodenectomies was 8%, with a 36% major complication rate. A pancreaticoduodenectomy can be performed safely by residents under supervision. A review of the results identifies the means of improving outcomes. These results justify the preservation of a pancreaticoduodenectomy as an important experience for residents.

(Arch Surg. 1990;125:463-465)