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March 1991

Some Problems With Clinical Trials: James Ewing Lecture

Arch Surg. 1991;126(3):370-378. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1991.01410270118019

Dr Ewing was intimately associated with the Memorial Hospital for Cancer and Allied Diseases, New York, NY, from 1913 until his retirement in 1939, and his outstanding leadership in oncology had a major impact on both his contemporaries and those of us who followed. This society, devoted to oncology, was founded in 1940 as the James Ewing Society both to "further our knowledge of cancer" and to honor this great man. Some of you will remember our historic meeting in New Orleans in 1975, when we changed the name from the James Ewing Society to the Society of Surgical Oncology. Our president at that meeting, Dr Edward Scanlon, had the foresight and courage to realize that the membership of the James Ewing Society was an outstanding base for launching a new and much-needed national organization of surgical oncologists. There was considerable controversy over the name change, however; the major argument