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May 1991

Selective Splenocaval Shunt: Report of 26 Cases and Review of the Literature

Author Affiliations

From the Department of Surgery, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Ga.

Arch Surg. 1991;126(5):582-585. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1991.01410290058012

• Splenocaval shunting was performed in 26 patients for the treatment of variceal bleeding. The indications for this alternative selective shunt were congenital anomalies of the left renal vein, inadequate outflow from the left renal vein on preoperative venography, or an anatomic relationship of the splenic vein favoring direct splenocaval rather than splenorenal anastomosis. Technical considerations in which splenocaval shunts differ from distal splenorenal shunting relate to exposure of the vena cava. Operative mortality was 7.7% (2/26). Immediate shunt patency was documented in 23 of 24 patients studied, and all 14 shunts studied at 13 to 57 months were patent. Portal perfusion was maintained in 95% (20/21) of the patients when studied at 7 to 10 days after shunting and in 57% (8/14) at late follow-up. This experience with distal splenocaval shunting has reaffirmed its place as an alternative technique to selective distal splenorenal shunts, particularly when the left renal vein is abnormal.

(Arch Surg. 1991;126:582-585)