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May 1992

Laparoscopic Bile Duct Injuries Risk Factors, Recognition, and Repair

Arch Surg. 1992;127(5):596-602. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1992.01420050124016

• Records of 11 patients undergoing biliary reconstruction after laparoscopic cholecystectomy are reviewed. Ductal injuries resulted from failure to define the anatomy of Calot's triangle. Risk factors include scarring, acute cholecystitis, and obesity. Presenting findings included anorexia, ileus, failure to thrive, pain, ascites, and jaundice. All patients required hepaticojejunostomies, which were multiple and above the hepatic bifurcation in four patients. Given the extensive nature of these injuries and the frequent need for intrahepatic anastomosis and early stenosis of repairs by referring physicians, we recommend reconstruction be undertaken by an experienced hepatobiliary surgeon. To avoid injuries, a greater appreciation of risk factors and anatomic distortion and variance and strict adherence to principles of dissection and identification of anatomic structures are suggested. The use of cholangiography and a low threshold for conversion to the open procedure are advised.

(Arch Surg. 1992;127:596-602)