[Skip to Navigation]
Sign In
June 1993

Jonasson, Braunwald, and Morani: Three Firsts in American Surgery

Author Affiliations

From the Department of Surgical Oncology, North Shore University Hospital, Manhasset, NY, and the Department of Surgery, New York Medical College, Vahalla.

Arch Surg. 1993;128(6):643-646. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1993.01420180041008

This article is only available in the PDF format. Download the PDF to view the article, as well as its associated figures and tables.


The lives of three extraordinary surgeons who were among the earliest women in American surgery are chronicled herein. No written account can ever accurately reflect the hardships they suffered, or provide a true measure of their courage. Despite the support of colleagues, friends, and family, each crossed the new frontiers alone, in the face of great adversity. They survived, they endured, and ultimately they triumphed. What each has given back to her chosen profession has repaid, many times over, the training often reluctantly given. What each has conferred to those who come after is the conviction that it can be done and the strength to follow.

(Arch Surg. 1993;128:643-646)

Add or change institution