[Skip to Navigation]
Sign In
October 1993

Leonardo da Vinci: The Anatomy of Man

Author Affiliations

Pasadena, Calif

Arch Surg. 1993;128(10):1171. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1993.01420220091014

This article is only available in the PDF format. Download the PDF to view the article, as well as its associated figures and tables.


This volume consists of reproductions of 23 sheets of the anatomical drawings of Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519) together with explanatory discussions of their content and significance. These were selected from the extensive collection of his anatomical works in the Royal Library at Windsor Castle. They formed the basis for an exhibition that was organized in 1992.

Leonardo conducted extensive anatomical dissections in humans. Most of his written records are lost, but several hundred heavily annotated drawings have been preserved. The majority came into the possession of the British monarchy in the early 17th century. Their significance was not recognized until well into the 19th century. The contributions of Andrei Vesalius (1514-1564) had been recognized long before those of Leonardo were acknowledged.

Leonardo's anatomical studies began as a companion to his work as an artist. His insatiable curiosity and demand for the primacy of direct observation (the Aristotelian and Hippocratic method)

First Page Preview View Large
First page PDF preview
First page PDF preview
Add or change institution