To define the elements of successful laparoscopic cholangiography.
Retrospective review of 130 consecutive patients who underwent laparoscopic cholangiography.
Community hospital with a surgical residency.
Thirty-four males and 96 females, aged 16 to 86 years, with acute and chronic cholecystitis.
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy during intraoperative cholangiography.
Main Outcome Measure:
A cholangiogram that satisfactorily delineates biliary anatomy as defined by accepted radiologic criteria.
A successful laparoscopic cholangiogram was obtained in 98.5% of the study group.
A safe and reliable technique to obtain a laparoscopic cholangiogram is described and validated using accepted radiologic criteria.(Arch Surg. 1995;130:398-400)
Willekes CL, Edoga JK, Castronuovo JJ, Widmann WD, McLean ER, Chevinsky AH. Technical Elements of Successful Laparoscopic Cholangiography as Defined by Radiographic Criteria. Arch Surg. 1995;130(4):398–400. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1995.01430040060011
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