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October 1997

High-Volume vs Standard Fluid Therapy in a Septic Pig Model: Impact on Pulmonary Function

Author Affiliations

From the Department of Surgery, Division of Surgical Critical Care, University of Hawaii, Honolulu (Drs Yu, Hasaniya, Takanishi, A. Caldeira, C. C. B. Caldeira, and Char); and The Queen's Medical Center, Honolulu (Dr Yu).

Arch Surg. 1997;132(10):1111-1115. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1997.01430340065010

Objective:  To compare pulmonary function and peripheral organ blood flow in septic pigs receiving high-volume fluid resuscitation or standard-volume fluid resuscitation with similar goals in oxygen delivery.

Design:  A prospective study comparing 2 groups of septic pigs.

Setting:  A university animal research laboratory.

Subjects:  Eleven septic pigs.

Interventions:  Basal oxygen delivery was increased from 450 to 550 mL/min to at least 600 mL/min by the sixth hour and maintained for 24 hours. From a baseline pulmonary artery occlusion pressure (PAOP) measurement of approximately 6 mm Hg, the high-volume group (n=5) was treated until a PAOP measurement of 12 mm Hg was reached and the standard-volume group (n=6) was treated until a PAOP measurement of 8 mm Hg was reached. Blood transfusions and inotropic agents were added as necessary to reach the oxygen delivery goal.

Results:  The high-volume group had a significantly greater positive fluid balance, greater weight gain, and a higher PAOP but similar intrapulmonary shunt and extravascular lung water as compared with the standard-volume group.

Conclusion:  Resuscitation with large volumes of fluid in early sepsis with a physiological goal of a higher PAOP to augment oxygen delivery did not cause increased pulmonary edema and oxygenation deficit compared with maintenance of lower cardiac filling pressures.Arch Surg. 1997;132:1111-1115