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September 2020, Vol 155, No. 9, Pages 795-903

Viewpoint

Opportunities and Challenges in Using Social Media in Organ Donation

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(9):797-798. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.0791

This Viewpoint describes social media platforms in terms of their potential to reach targeted organ donor audiences with ethical use of this technology.

Surgery and Population Health—Redesigning Surgical Quality for Greater Impact

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(9):799-800. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.0808

This Viewpoint discusses how surgeons can enact behavioral modifications around the time of surgery to help impact population health issues.

Dissecting the Important Difference Between Good Surgeons and Good Leaders

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(9):801-802. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.0805

This Viewpoint imparts a leadership lesson from a surgeon whose career has included 12 years as the chief medical officer of a very large medical technology firm.

Editorial

Consequences of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Manuscript Submissions by Women

Abstract Full Text
free access has active quiz
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(9):803-804. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.3917
Original Investigation

Effect of Surgical Skin Antisepsis on Surgical Site Infections in Patients Undergoing Gynecological Laparoscopic Surgery: A Double-Blind Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(9):807-815. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.1953

This double-blind randomized clinical trial compares rates of port-site infections, organ or space infections, and any type of surgical site infections among patients who underwent gynecological laparoscopies and received 1 of 3 types of skin preparation solutions.

Engagement and Effectiveness of a Smoking Cessation Quitline Intervention in a Thoracic Surgery Clinic

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(9):816-822. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.1915

This cohort study examines factors associated with smoking quitline engagement and smoking cessation among patients undergoing thoracic surgery who consented to a quitline electronic referral.

Very Early Recurrence After Liver Resection for Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma: Considering Alternative Treatment Approaches

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(9):823-831. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.1973

This cohort study examines very early recurrence following resection for intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma in the preoperative and postoperative setting.

Response and Survival Associated With First-line FOLFIRINOX vs Gemcitabine and nab-Paclitaxel Chemotherapy for Localized Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(9):832-839. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.2286

This case series evaluates survival and radiographic and serologic measures of responses associated with administration of FOLFIRINOX or gemcitabine plus nab-paclitaxel as first-line chemotherapy in patients with previously untreated localized pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma.

Contributors to Increased Mortality Associated With Care Fragmentation After Emergency General Surgery

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(9):841-848. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.2348

This cohort study identifies patient and hospital factors associated with increased mortality after emergency general surgery among patients who are readmitted within 30 days of discharge to a nonindex hospital.

A National Mixed-Methods Evaluation of Preparedness for General Surgery Residency and the Association With Resident Burnout

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(9):851-859. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.2420

This cross-sectional mixed-methods study assesses preparedness for surgical residency, identifies factors associated with preparedness, examines the association between preparedness and burnout, and explores resident and faculty perspectives on resident preparedness in a national survey of US general surgical residents.

Analysis of Primary Hyperparathyroidism Screening Among US Veterans With Kidney Stones

Abstract Full Text
has audio
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(9):861-868. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.2423

This cohort study identifies the prevalence and variation in parathyroid hormone level testing among patients with kidney stones and hypercalcemia in the Veterans Health Administration health care system.

Association of Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass With Postoperative Health Care Use and Expenditures in Canada

Abstract Full Text
online only has active quiz
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(9):e201985. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.1985

This cohort study examines the preoperative and postoperative financial implications of a publicly funded surgical bariatric procedure.

Nasogastric Decompression vs No Decompression After Pancreaticoduodenectomy: The Randomized Clinical IPOD Trial

Abstract Full Text
online only
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(9):e202291. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.2291

This open-label randomized clinical trial examines the utility and safety of nasogastric decompression after pancreaticoduodenectomy by comparing the occurrence of postoperative complications among patients with or without postoperative nasogastric tube decompression.

Invited Commentary

Should All Patients With Pancreatic Cancer Receive Chemotherapy Before Surgery?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(9):840. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.2302

Emergency General Surgery—To Regionalize, or Not to Regionalize, That Is the Question

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(9):849-850. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.2353

Preparedness for Residency: Now More Than Ever

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(9):859-860. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.2445

Underdiagnosis of Primary Hyperparathyroidism—The Need for a System-Level Fix

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(9):868-869. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.2448

Randomized Clinical Trial of Nasogastric Tube Placement After Pancreaticoduodenectomy

Abstract Full Text
online only
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(9):e202305. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.2305
Special Communication

COVID-19: Beyond Tomorrow

Restructuring of a General Surgery Residency Program in an Epicenter of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pandemic: Lessons From New York City

Abstract Full Text
free access has active quiz
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(9):870-875. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.3107

This Special Communication describes a New York City hospital’s restructuring of general surgery resident teams and educational infrastructure in response to the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic.

Review

The Current Status of Women in Surgery: How to Affect the Future

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(9):876-885. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.0312

This narrative review provides an overview of research delineating gender disparities in surgery and investigating the causes underlying such issues and proposes recommended action.

JAMA Network Clinical Guideline Synopsis

Review of the French Working Group on Perioperative Hemostasis, French Study Group on Thrombosis and Hemostasis, and French Society for Anaesthesia and Intensive Care Guidelines on Management of Antiplatelet Therapy for Nonelective Invasive Procedures or Bleeding Complications

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(9):886-887. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.2162

This Clinical Guideline Synopsis reviews the French Working Group on Perioperative Hemostasis, French Study Group on Thrombosis and Hemostasis, and French Society for Anaesthesia and Intensive Care Guidelines on Management of Antiplatelet Therapy for Nonelective Invasive Procedures or Bleeding Complications.

Research Letter

Pacific Coast Surgical Association

Patient Expectations After Collis Gastroplasty

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(9):888-889. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.1762

This case series study examines short-term and long-terms outcomes in patients who have undergone Collis gastroplasty with fundoplication and hiatal hernia repair.

Pain Scores in Geriatric vs Nongeriatric Patients With Rib Fractures

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(9):889-891. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.1933

This research study compares the self-reported pain levels of geriatric vs nongeriatric patients with rib fractures.

Pacific Coast Surgical Association

Trends in Participation and Authorship of Women at the Pacific Coast Surgical Association Meeting, 2008-2018

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(9):891-893. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.2182

This study investigates temporal trends in gender participation in membership, leadership, and presentations of women in the Pacific Coast Surgical Association.

The Gender Gap in Surgical Residencies

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(9):893-894. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.2171

This cross-sectional study identifies surgical specialties with the greatest gender inequities among resident physicians and examines how long it will take for women in these specialties to reach parity with the overall resident and US population.

Comment & Response

Use of Sports Hernia to Describe Groin Pain in Athletes

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(9):895. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.1759

Use of Sports Hernia to Describe Groin Pain in Athletes—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(9):895-896. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.1767

Prehabilitation vs Postoperative Rehabilitation for Frail Patients

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(9):896. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.1798

Prehabilitation vs Postoperative Rehabilitation for Frail Patients

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(9):896-897. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.1801

Prehabilitation vs Postoperative Rehabilitation for Frail Patients

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(9):897. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.1804

Prehabilitation vs Postoperative Rehabilitation for Frail Patients

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(9):897-898. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.1807

Prehabilitation vs Postoperative Rehabilitation for Frail Patients

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(9):898-899. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.1813

Prehabilitation vs Postoperative Rehabilitation for Frail Patients

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(9):899-900. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.1816

Insights From Senior Surgeons

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(9):900. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.1677

Insights From Senior Surgeons

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(9):900-901. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.1680

Insights from Senior Surgeons—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(9):901-902. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.1686

Evidence-Based and Patient-Centered Decisions Regarding Bariatric Surgery

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(9):902. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.1524

Evidence-Based and Patient-Centered Decisions Regarding Bariatric Surgery—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(9):902-903. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.1530
Correction

Error in Table 2

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(9):903. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.3552
JAMA Surgery Masthead

JAMA Surgery

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(9):795. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.3898
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