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January 2023, Vol 158, No. 1, Pages 4-106

Viewpoint

Using Behavioral Economics to Decrease Operating Room Costs and Promote Better Surgeon Accountability

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2023;158(1):5-6. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2022.3187

This Viewpoint discusses different health care systems that reduced costs in operating rooms and proposes how other health care systems can make significant improvements nationally.

Research Fever—An Ever More Prominent Trend in the Residency Match

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2023;158(1):6-8. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2022.3190

This Viewpoint discusses the rising trend in research output among matched US MD seniors in the National Resident Matching Program Main Residency Match from 2009 to 2020.

Overlapping Surgery—In DeBakey’s Shadow

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2023;158(1):8-9. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2022.3947

This Viewpoint discusses the future of the practice of overlapping surgeries.

Original Investigation

Assessment of Laparoscopic Spleen-Preserving Hilar Lymphadenectomy for Advanced Proximal Gastric Cancer Without Invasion Into the Greater Curvature: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
has multimedia
JAMA Surg. 2023;158(1):10-18. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2022.5307

This randomized clinical trial compares the long-term and short-term efficacy of laparoscopic total gastrectomy and conventional laparoscopic total gastrectomy for patients with advanced proximal gastric cancer that has not invaded the greater curvature.

Electroacupuncture vs Sham Electroacupuncture in the Treatment of Postoperative Ileus After Laparoscopic Surgery for Colorectal Cancer: A Multicenter, Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2023;158(1):20-27. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2022.5674

This randomized clinical trial investigates if electroacupuncture promotes postoperative recovery in patients after laparoscopic bowel resection for colorectal cancer compared with sham electroacupuncture.

Mental Health Care Utilization Among Children and Adolescents With a Firearm Injury

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2023;158(1):29-34. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2022.5299

This propensity score–matched cohort study evaluates mental health care utilization in the 12 months after a firearm injury among Medicaid-insured and commercially insured youths compared with controls.

Risk-Benefit Balance Associated With Obstetric, Neonatal, and Child Outcomes After Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2023;158(1):36-44. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2022.5450

This study assesses the risk-benefit balance associated with metabolic and bariatric surgery around obstetric, neonatal, and child outcomes.

Safety and Efficacy of Robotic vs Open Liver Resection for Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2023;158(1):46-54. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2022.5697

This international, multicenter cohort study assesses the safety, reproducibility, and oncologic efficacy of robotic vs open liver resection for hepatocellular carcinoma.

Evaluation of Adjuvant Chemotherapy Survival Outcomes Among Patients With Surgically Resected Pancreatic Carcinoma With Node-Negative Disease After Neoadjuvant Therapy

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2023;158(1):55-62. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2022.5696

This cohort study evaluates survival outcomes with adjuvant chemotherapy for patients with node-negative disease after neoadjuvant therapy and surgical resection for pancreatic cancer.

Association Between Hemorrhage Control Interventions and Mortality in US Trauma Patients With Hemodynamically Unstable Pelvic Fractures

Abstract Full Text
has audio
JAMA Surg. 2023;158(1):63-71. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2022.5772

This cohort study examines data from the Trauma Quality Improvement Program database for patients with pelvic fracture to assess the patterns of hemorrhage control interventions and associated clinical outcomes.

Comparison of Lobectomy vs Total Thyroidectomy for Intermediate-Risk Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma With Lymph Node Metastasis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2023;158(1):73-79. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2022.5781

This cohort study investigates the association between lobectomy vs total thyroidectomy and outcomes in patients with intermediate-risk papillary thyroid cancer and lymph node metastasis.

Association of Quality and Technology With Patient Mobility for Colorectal Cancer Surgery

Abstract Full Text
open access online only
JAMA Surg. 2023;158(1):e225461. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2022.5461

This cohort study investigates hospital quality and patient factors associated with treatment location using data from the UK National Health Service.

Invited Commentary

Lymphadenectomy in Proximal Gastric Cancer—Location, Location, Location

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2023;158(1):18-19. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2022.5321

Will Acupuncture Be the Next Addition to Enhanced Recovery After Surgery Protocols?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2023;158(1):28. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2022.5683

The Importance of Mental Health Services for Children and Adolescents After Firearm-Related Injury

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2023;158(1):35. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2022.5304

Special Delivery—Metabolic Bariatric Surgery as a Key Component of Maternal-Fetal Health Care

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2023;158(1):44-45. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2022.5458

Nationwide Variation of Care for Patients With Bleeding Pelvic Fracture—An Opportunity to Rescue Better?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2023;158(1):71-72. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2022.5778

Is Lobectomy as Effective as Total Thyroidectomy in Treating Patients With Intermediate-Risk Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma With Lateral Lymph Node Metastasis?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2023;158(1):80. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2022.5790

Patient Mobility When Undergoing Treatment for Colon and Rectal Cancer—How Much Does the Patient Really Choose?

Abstract Full Text
online only
JAMA Surg. 2023;158(1):e225468. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2022.5468
Review

Contemporary Surgical Management of Pancreatic Necrosis

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA Surg. 2023;158(1):81-88. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2022.5695

This narrative review describes the most common treatment strategies in the step-up approach to managing necrotizing pancreatitis, including a discussion of common complications and associated issues.

Guide to Statistics and Methods

Randomized Clinical Trials in Surgery

Practical Guide to Statistical Considerations in Clinical Trials in Surgery

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA Surg. 2023;158(1):89-90. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2022.4892

This Guide to Statistics and Methods discusses key statistical considerations in the conduct of randomized clinical trials in surgery.

Randomized Clinical Trials in Surgery

Practical Guide to Quality Control in Surgical Trials

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA Surg. 2023;158(1):91-92. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2022.4898

This Guide to Statistics and Methods outlines the elements of clinical trial quality control that are important to safeguarding data integrity and addressing the unique challenges of procedural trials.

Randomized Clinical Trials in Surgery

Practical Guide to Surgical Clinical Trial Implementation, Oversight, and Regulatory Aspects

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA Surg. 2023;158(1):93-94. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2022.4901

This Guide to Statistics and Methods describes the steps necessary for a successful trial implementation that can safeguard credible results and conclusions while minimizing potential harm.

Randomized Clinical Trials in Surgery

Practical Guide to Adjuncts to Clinical Trials in Surgery

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA Surg. 2023;158(1):95-96. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2022.4904

This Guide to Statistics and Methods discusses adjunct outcome parameters that optimize patient-centered, timely, efficient, and equitable components in randomized clinical trials.

Surgical Innovation

Endoscopic Gastric Bypass Revision

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA Surg. 2023;158(1):97-98. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2022.5295

This article describes endoscopic revision of gastric bypass to address weight regain.

Research Letter

Defining Essential Surgery in the US During the COVID-19 Pandemic Response

Abstract Full Text
free access has active quiz
JAMA Surg. 2023;158(1):99-100. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2022.3944

This cohort study compares the volume of performed surgical procedures classified as essential, urgent, and nonurgent before and after elective surgeries were restricted during the COVID-19 pandemic in the US.

Association of an Online Home-Based Prehabilitation Program With Outcomes After Colorectal Surgery

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2023;158(1):100-102. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2022.4485

This quality improvement study evaluates the association of an online home-based patient prehabilitation program with colorectal surgery outcomes.

Comment & Response

More Explorations Needed to Assess Matrix Metalloproteinase 7 Expression When Predicting the Pathologic Response to Neoadjuvant Therapy for Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2023;158(1):102-103. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2022.4975

More Explorations Needed to Assess Matrix Metalloproteinase 7 Expression When Predicting the Pathologic Response to Neoadjuvant Therapy for Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2023;158(1):103-104. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2022.4976

Implementation of a Geriatric Trauma Clinical Pathway

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2023;158(1):104. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2022.4821

Implementation of a Geriatric Trauma Clinical Pathway

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2023;158(1):104-105. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2022.4822

Implementation of a Geriatric Trauma Clinical Pathway—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2023;158(1):105. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2022.4823

Intraoperative Urinary Catheter Use and Risk of Postoperative Urinary Retention

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2023;158(1):105-106. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2022.5159

Intraoperative Urinary Catheter Use and Risk of Postoperative Urinary Retention —Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2023;158(1):106. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2022.5160
JAMA Surgery Masthead

JAMA Surgery

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Surg. 2023;158(1):4. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2022.5027
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