This Viewpoint describes the use of artificial intelligence models for phenotyping and assessing sepsis risk as well as enhancing surgical decision making.
This Viewpoint describes 2 pathways by which surgeons can use their clinical knowledge to advocate for health care policies that will benefit patients.
This Editorial discusses the importance of the US Preventive Services Task Force recommendation statement on screening for pancreatic cancer.
This cohort study examines factors associated with lymphedema after neoadjuvant chemotherapy and axillary lymph node dissection in women with node-positive breast cancer.
This paired cohort study seeks to determine the cancer detection rate of biopsy methods targeting magnetic resonance imaging–visible lesions vs systematic prostate sampling in the diagnosis of clinically significant prostate cancer in men who were biopsy naive.
This nested randomized clinical trial compares the incidence of postsurgical delirium in older patients whose mean cerebral perfusion was optimized with those who received usual care during cardiopulmonary bypass in cardiac surgery.
This cohort study assesses the association between surgeons with higher numbers of reports from coworkers about unprofessional behaviors and the risk for postoperative complications in their patients.
This cohort study of black men who were hospitalized with serious injuries assesses how risk and protective factors from childhood and adulthood contribute to depression and posttraumatic stress symptom severity 3 months after discharge.
This study uses Medicare claims data to explore contemporary practice patterns and physician characteristics associated with high rates of use of arteriovenous grafting compared with arteriovenous fistula for hemodialysis access.
This cohort study compares the outcomes associated with inguinal hernia repair performed by medical doctors vs surgeons in Ghana.
This study examines 1 year of administrative, clinical, and financial data from US hospitals ranked in the top 50 for gastroenterology and gastrointestinal surgical procedures by US News & World Report and compares their abdominal operations outcomes with those of hospitals not included on the list.
This cohort study investigates the factors on primary and restaging magnetic resonance imaging that are associated with lateral local recurrence in low rectal cancer after chemoradiotherapy or radiotherapy and to formulate specific guidelines on which patients might benefit from a lateral lymph node dissection.
This cohort study evaluates patient characteristics, injury patterns, surgical interventions, mortality, and causes of death up to 1 year after the index event among injured older adults who were included in compared with those who were excluded from trauma registries.
This Special Communication elaborates on the concept of microaggressions and provides suggestions for how recipients or bystanders can respond to them.
This Clinical Guideline Synopsis reviews the Tokyo Guidelines 2018 on antimicrobial therapy for acute cholangitis and cholecystitis.
This study uses data from the Place of Last Drink database and Google maps to assess the association of blood alcohol concentration with distance traveled and driver’s age among intoxicated drivers in Minnesota.
This study surveys surgeons’ cost knowledge and ability to distinguish subtle price variations between surgical tools with similar functions or indications.
This study examines the changes in the composition of visiting professorships by race and sex at 25 academic surgical programs from 2007 through 2017.
This study assesses the value of routine esophagrams in detecting anastomotic leaks after esophagectomy.
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