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April 2021, Vol 156, No. 4, Pages 299-403

Viewpoint

Toward IDEAL Adoption of Robotic Surgery Into Clinical Practice—Lessons From Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2021;156(4):301-302. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.5542

This Viewpoint discusses the Idea, Development, Exploration, Assessment, Long-term (IDEAL) framework specifically in the context of transcatheter aortic valve replacement.

Personal Communication Devices Among Surgeons—Exploring the Empowerment/Enslavement Paradox

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2021;156(4):302-304. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.5627

This Viewpoint examines the relationship that surgeons have with their personal communication device through the discussion of potential benefits, harms, considerations for burnout, and opportunities to improve the system.

Lessons From the Country Music Industry on Closing the Gender Gap: Conversation Is Not Enough

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2021;156(4):304-306. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.5022

This Viewpoint describes a significant step toward equal gender opportunity in the country music industry and proposes that the field of vascular surgery swiftly follow suit.

Original Investigation

Early Corticosteroid Cessation vs Long-term Corticosteroid Therapy in Kidney Transplant Recipients: Long-term Outcomes of a Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA Surg. 2021;156(4):307-314. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.6929

This randomized clinical trial compares long-term kidney transplant outcomes of patients randomized to continue or withdraw corticosteroids.

Effect of a Predictive Model on Planned Surgical Duration Accuracy, Patient Wait Time, and Use of Presurgical Resources: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2021;156(4):315-321. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.6361

This randomized clinical trial assesses accuracy and real-world outcomes of the implementation of a machine learning model that predicts surgical case duration in colorectal and gynecological services at a single academic center.

Five-Year Survival Outcomes of Hybrid Minimally Invasive Esophagectomy in Esophageal Cancer: Results of the MIRO Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2021;156(4):323-332. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.7081

This follow-up study of a randomized clinical trial evaluates the survival, complications, and risk factors associated with hybrid minimally invasive esophagectomy and open esophagectomy among adults with esophagus cancer.

Patient Factors Associated With Parathyroidectomy in Older Adults With Primary Hyperparathyroidism

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2021;156(4):334-342. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.6175

This cohort study identifies patient characteristics associated with use of parathyroidectomy for the management of primary hyperparathyroidism in older adults.

Risk of Hematologic Malignant Neoplasms From Abdominopelvic Computed Tomographic Radiation in Patients Who Underwent Appendectomy

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz has audio
JAMA Surg. 2021;156(4):343-351. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.6357

This cohort study assesses the risk of hematologic malignant neoplasms associated with perioperative abdominopelvic computed tomography radiation in patients who underwent appendectomy for acute appendicitis.

Variations in Persistent Use of Low-Value Breast Cancer Surgery

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2021;156(4):353-362. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.6942

This study identifies variation and determinants of persistent use of low-value breast cancer surgical care.

Evaluating Growth Patterns of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Diameter With Serial Computed Tomography Surveillance

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz has audio
JAMA Surg. 2021;156(4):363-370. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.7190

This secondary analysis of a randomized clinical trial assesses the growth patterns and rates of abdominal aortic aneurysms as documented on serial computed tomography scans.

Effect of Clear vs Standard Covered Masks on Communication With Patients During Surgical Clinic Encounters: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
free access has audio
JAMA Surg. 2021;156(4):372-378. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2021.0836

This randomized clinical trial evaluates the effects of clear vs standard covered masks on patient perceptions of communication with surgeons during outpatient surgical clinic encounters.

Examination of Racial and Ethnic Differences in Deceased Organ Donation Ratio Over Time in the US

Abstract Full Text
online only
JAMA Surg. 2021;156(4):e207083. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.7083

This population-based cohort study examines changes by race/ethnicity in deceased organ donation over time in the US.

Assessment of the Frequency of Dual Allergy to Penicillins and Cefazolin: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Abstract Full Text
online only
JAMA Surg. 2021;156(4):e210021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2021.0021

This systematic review and meta-analysis examines the incidence of dual allergy to cefazolin and natural penicillins.

Invited Commentary

Early Steroid Cessation After Kidney Transplant

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2021;156(4):314. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.6959

Embracing Patient-Centric Endeavors to Improve Operating Room Efficiency

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2021;156(4):322. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.6362

True, True, and Unrelated—Complications and Survival After Hybrid Minimally Invasive Esophagectomy

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2021;156(4):332-333. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.7082

Undertreatment of Primary Hyperparathyroidism

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2021;156(4):342. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.6239

Optimizing the Gold Standard—Low-Dose Computed Tomography Modalities as a Part of Clinical Practice in Acute Appendicitis Imaging

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2021;156(4):351-352. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.6358

Balancing Watching vs Waiting During Imaging Surveillance of Small Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2021;156(4):370-371. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.7258

Benefits of Clear Masks in Communication With Patients

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Surg. 2021;156(4):378-379. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2021.0848
Special Communication

Sentinel Contributions of US Department of Veterans Affairs Surgeons in Shaping the Face of Health Care

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2021;156(4):380-386. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.6372

This Special Communication reviews the surgical accomplishments of the US Department of Veterans Affairs in the past century.

Review

Hereditary Diffuse Gastric Cancer Syndrome and the Role of CDH1: A Review

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2021;156(4):387-392. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.6155

This narrative review assesses current management guidelines for hereditary diffuse gastric cancer syndrome, their rationale and supporting data, and explores the molecular underpinnings of this hereditary cancer syndrome for which surgery maintains a central role.

Surgical Innovation

Empowering Resident Physicians to Lead by Teaching Principles of Quality and Safety in Surgery

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2021;156(4):393-394. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.6667

This article describes the Wellness and Quality Improvement curriculum, which seeks to combine quality improvement in surgery with personal wellness initiatives for first-year and second-year surgical resident physicians.

Comment & Response

Preoperative Model and Patient Selection for Neoadjuvant Therapy for Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2021;156(4):395. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.6182

Preoperative Model and Patient Selection for Neoadjuvant Therapy for Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2021;156(4):395-396. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.6188

Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy in Pancreatic Cancer

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2021;156(4):396-397. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.6276

Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy in Pancreatic Cancer

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2021;156(4):397. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.6273

Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy in Pancreatic Cancer—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2021;156(4):398. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.6279

The Need for an Improved Evidence Base to Inform the Health Care Decision-making Process

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2021;156(4):398-399. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.6378

The Need for an Improved Evidence Base to Inform the Health Care Decision-making Process—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2021;156(4):399-400. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.6384

Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation and Coronavirus Disease 2019

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Surg. 2021;156(4):400. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.6628

Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation and Coronavirus Disease 2019

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Surg. 2021;156(4):400-401. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.6631

Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation and Coronavirus Disease 2019

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Surg. 2021;156(4):401-402. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.6634

Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation and Coronavirus Disease 2019

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Surg. 2021;156(4):402-403. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.6637

Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation and Coronavirus Disease 2019—Reply

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. 2021;156(4):403. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.6640
Correction

Error in Abstract and Results

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. 2021;156(4):403. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2021.0003
JAMA Surgery Masthead

JAMA Surgery

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. 2021;156(4):299. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.4425
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