Postoperative Function Following Laparoscopic Collis Gastroplasty for Shortened Esophagus | Bariatric Surgery | JAMA Surgery | JAMA Network
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August 1998

Postoperative Function Following Laparoscopic Collis Gastroplasty for Shortened Esophagus

Author Affiliations

From the Department of Minimally Invasive Surgery and Surgical Research, Oregon Health Sciences University and Legacy Portland Hospitals, Portland.

Arch Surg. 1998;133(8):867-874. doi:10.1001/archsurg.133.8.867

Background  Collis gastroplasty is indicated when tension-free fundoplication is not possible. Few studies have described the physiological results of this procedure, and no studies have evaluated outcomes of the endoscopic approach.

Objective  To assess the long-term outcomes of patients treated with laparoscopic Collis gastroplasty and fundoplication.

Design  Case series.

Setting  Tertiary care teaching hospital and esophageal physiology laboratory.

Patients  Fifteen consecutive patients with refractory esophageal shortening diagnosed at operation. Complicated gastroesophageal reflux disease or type III paraesophageal hernia (or both) was preoperatively diagnosed with esophagogastroduodenoscopy, 24-hour pH monitoring, esophageal motility, and barium esophagram. Fourteen (93%) of the 15 patients were available for long-term objective follow-up.

Interventions  Laparoscopic Collis gastroplasty with fundoplication and esophageal physiological testing.

Outcome Measures  Preoperative and postoperative symptoms, operative times, and complications were prospectively recorded on standardized data forms. Late follow-up at 14 months included manometry, 24-hour pH monitoring, and esophagogastroduodenoscopy with endoscopic Congo red testing and biopsy.

Results  Presenting symptoms included heartburn (13 patients [87]), dysphagia (11 patients [73]), regurgitation (7 patients [47]), and chest pain (7 patients). An endoscopic Collis gastroplasty was performed, followed by fundoplication (12 Nissen and 3 Toupet). There were no conversions to celiotomy and no deaths. Long-term follow-up occurred at 14 months. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy revealed that all wraps were intact with no mediastinal herniations. Manometry demonstrated an intact distal high-pressure zone with a 93% increase in resting pressure over the preoperative values. Two (14%) of these patients reported heartburn, and 7 (50%) patients had abnormal results on postoperative 24-hour pH studies (mean DeMeester score, 100). Biopsy of the neoesophagus revealed gastric oxyntic mucosa in all patients. Endoscopic Congo red testing showed acid secretion in only those patients with abnormal DeMeester scores. Of these 7 patients, 5 (36%) had persistent esophagitis and 6 (43%) had manometric evidence of distal esophageal body aperistalsis that was not present preoperatively.

Conclusions  Collis gastroplasty allows a tension-free fundoplication to be performed to correct a shortened esophagus. It results in an effective antireflux mechanism but can be complicated by the presence of acid-secreting gastric mucosa proximal to the intact fundoplication and a loss of distal esophageal motility. These patients require close objective follow-up and maintenance acid-suppression therapy.