Nonoperative Treatment of Biliary Tract Disease | Gastrointestinal Surgery | JAMA Surgery | JAMA Network
[Skip to Navigation]
Access to paid content on this site is currently suspended due to excessive activity being detected from your IP address Please contact the publisher to request reinstatement.
Adam  ADick  RMueller  PAllison  DGrainger  RGedAllison  DJed Interventional techniques in the hepatobiliary system.  Diagnostic Radiology: A Textbook of Medical Imaging New York, NY Churchill Livingstone Inc1997;1235- 1258Google Scholar
McPherson  SJGibson  RNCollier  NASpeer  TGSherson  ND Percutaneous transjejunal biliary intervention: 10-year experience with access via Roux-en-Y loops.  Radiology. 1998;206665- 672Google Scholar
Schmitt  CMBaillie  JCotton  PB ERCP after laparoscopic cholecystectomy: a safe and effective way to manage CBD stones and complications.  HPB Surg. 1995;8187- 192Google ScholarCrossref
Talamini  MACameron  JLed Laparoscopic cholecystectomy.  Current Surgical Therapy St Louis, Mo Mosby– Year Book Inc1995;1031- 1035Google Scholar
Trerotola  SOSavader  SJLund  GB Biliary tract complications following laparoscopic cholecystectomy: imaging and intervention.  Radiology. 1992;184195- 200Google Scholar
Citations 0
Special Article
November 1998

Nonoperative Treatment of Biliary Tract Disease

Author Affiliations

From the Department of Surgery, Kansas University Medical Center, Kansas City.

Arch Surg. 1998;133(11):1172-1176. doi:10.1001/archsurg.133.11.1172

The rise of minimally invasive surgical techniques during the past 20 years has been one of the more dramatic developments in modern medicine. Minimally invasive procedures are now widely accepted for treatment of diseases involving many different organ systems. Minimally invasive procedures may be more common and more accepted in the treatment of diseases of the biliary tract than in any other area. The development of laparoscopic cholecystectomy serves as a benchmark for minimally invasive procedures, and it is now the standard of care for the treatment of cholelithiasis. Today, not only is laparoscopic cholecystectomy one of the most common operations performed in the United States, but many new techniques have been developed that allow minimally invasive treatment of a variety of biliary tract diseases. The development of nonoperative techniques for treatment of biliary tract disease has accompanied the rapid developments in minimally invasive surgical techniques. This article describes the nonoperative treatment of biliary tract disease.