Physicians in the United States, Canada, and Mexico
Physicians with current and valid licenses in the United States, Canada, or Mexico who read any 3 of the selected continuing medical education (CME) articles in this issue of Archives of Surgery, complete the CME Evaluation Form, and fax it to the number or mail it to the address at the bottom of the CME Evaluation Form are eligible for Category 1 CME credit. There is no charge.
The American Medical Association (AMA) is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to sponsor continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this educational activity for up to 1 hour of Category 1 CME credit per Archives of Surgery issue toward the AMA's Physician's Recognition Award (PRA). Each physician should claim only those hours of credit that were actually spent in the educational activity.
Physicians in Other Countries
Physicians with current and valid licenses in the United States, Mexico, or Canada are eligible for CME credit even if they live or practice in other countries. Physicians licensed in other countries are also welcome to participate in this CME activity. However, the PRA is only available to physicians licensed in the United States, Canada, or Mexico.
To earn credit, read the articles designated for CME credit carefully and complete the CME Evaluation Form. The CME Evaluation Form must be submitted within 3 months of the issue date. A certificate awarding 1 hour of Category 1 CME credit will be faxed or mailed to you; it is then your responsibility to maintain a record of credit received. Questions about CME processing should be directed to the Blackstone Group; fax: (312) 269-1636.
One of our goals is to assess continually the educational needs of our readers so we may enhance the educational effectiveness of the Archives of Surgery. To achieve this goal, we need your help. You must complete the CME Evaluation Form to receive credit.
Statement of Educational Purpose
The mission of the Archives of Surgery is to promote the art and science of surgery by publishing relevant peer-reviewed clinical and basic science information to assist the surgeon in optimizing patient care. The Archives of Surgery will also serve as a forum for the discussion of issues that involve ethics, teaching, surgical history, and socioeconomic concerns. The curriculum of the CME activities will be developed by the Archives of Surgery Board, its readership, reviewers, and editors. The Archives of Surgery Reader's Choice CME activity allows readers, as adult learners, to determine their own educational needs and to assist the editors in addressing their needs in future issues.
Readers of the Archives of Surgery should be able to attain the following educational objectives: (1) acquire new information developed from surgical research, both clinical and basic science; (2) be appraised of the latest advances in surgery; (3) assess the relevance of these new developments; (4) assist in the development of diagnostic and therapeutic skills in controversial areas; and (5) develop an appreciation of historical developments within the discipline.
CME Articles in This Issue of Archives of Surgery
The following articles in this issue may be read for CME credit:
The Impact of Laparoscopy and Laparoscopic Ultrasound on the Management of Pancreatic Cystic LesionsArticle
Educational objective: To understand the value of preoperative laparoscopic ultrasonography in the diagnosis and treatment of cystic lesions of the pancreas.
Effect of Posture on Popliteal Artery HemodynamicsArticle
Educational objective: To distinguish the hemodynamic changes, on postural alteration, in the lower limbs of patients with claudication from those with normal circulation, with an eye toward development of treatment for claudication.
Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma: Prognostic Index for Survival Including the Histological VarietyArticle
Educational objective: To establish the significance of histologic variation of papillary carcinoma of the thyroid in the assessment of patient survival after surgical treatment.
Neurological Damage and Duodenopancreatic Reflux in the Pathogenesis of Alcoholic PancreatitisArticle
Educational objective: To invoke the hypothesis that damage to the pancreatic-cholinergic, muscarinic receptors by chronic alcoholism can explain the sequential changes resulting in alcoholic pancreatitis.
Contrast-Enhanced Dynamic Computed Tomography Does Not Aggravate the Clinical Severity of Patients With Severe Acute PancreatitisArticle
Educational objective: To point out that, by the parameters measured in this small series, it was possible to establish that an ionic contrast dynamic CT done in the face of severe acute pancreatitis did not aggravate the pancreatitis.
Is Interleukin 6, an Early Marker of Injury Severity Following Major Trauma in Humans?Article
Educational objective: To understand the role of plasma interleukin-6 analysis in the evaluation of severity of injury following trauma from the onset of that trauma.
Minimally Invasive Cardiac Surgery DefinedArticle
Educational objective: To review the approaches and objectives of minimally invasive coronary artery operations and to point out the progress made and problems remaining to be overcome.
Major Liver Resection for Carcinoma in Jaundiced Patients Without Preoperative Biliary DrainageArticle
Educational objective: To demonstrate the safety and efficacy of performing major liver resection for ductal cancer in selected cases without first relieving the preoperative jaundice by duct drainage.