Customize your JAMA Network experience by selecting one or more topics from the list below.
Physicians in the United States, Canada, and Mexico
Physicians with current and valid licenses in the United States, Canada, or Mexico who read any 3 of the selected continuing medical education (CME) articles in this issue of Archives of Surgery, complete the CME Evaluation Form, and fax it to the number or mail it to the address at the bottom of the CME Evaluation Form are eligible for Category 1 CME credit. There is no charge.
The American Medical Association (AMA) is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to sponsor continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this educational activity for up to 1 hour of Category 1 credit per Archives of Surgery issue toward the AMA Physician's Recognition Award (PRA). Each physician should claim only those hours of credit that were actually spent in the educational activity.
Physicians in Other Countries
Physicians with current and valid licenses in the United States, Mexico, or Canada are eligible for CME credit even if they live or practice in other countries. Physicians licensed in other countries are also welcome to participate in this CME activity. However, the PRA is only available to physicians licensed in the United States, Canada, or Mexico.
To earn credit, read the articles designated for CME credit carefully and complete the CME Evaluation Form. The CME Evaluation Form must be submitted within 3 months of the issue date. A certificate awarding 1 hour of Category 1 CME credit will be faxed or mailed to you; it is then your responsibility to maintain a record of credit received. Questions about CME credit processing should be directed to The Blackstone Group; tel: (312) 419-0400, ext 225; fax: (312) 269-1636.
One of our goals is to assess continually the educational needs of our readers so we may enhance the educational effectiveness of the Archives of Surgery. To achieve this goal, we need your help. You must complete the CME Evaluation Form to receive credit.
Statement of Educational Purpose
The mission of the Archives of Surgery is to promote the art and science of surgery by publishing relevant peer-reviewed clinical and basic science information to assist the surgeon in optimizing patient care. The Archives of Surgery will also serve as a forum for the discussion of issues that involve ethics, teaching, surgical history, and socioeconomic concerns. The curriculum of the CME activities will be developed by the Archives of Surgery Board, its readership, reviewers, and editors. The Archives of Surgery Reader's Choice CME activity allows readers, as adult learners, to determine their own educational needs and to assist the editors in addressing their needs in future issues.
Readers of the Archives of Surgery should be able to attain the following educational objectives: (1) acquire new information developed from surgical research, both clinical and basic science; (2) be appraised of the latest advances in surgery; (3) assess the relevance of these new developments; (4) assist in the development of diagnostic and therapeutic skills in controversial areas; and (5) develop an appreciation of historical developments within the discipline.
CME Articles in This Issue of Archives of Surgery
The following articles in this issue may be read for CME credit:
Cost-Benefit Analysis of Biopsy Methods for Suspicious Mammographic LesionsArticle
Educational Objective: To note, in general, that no cost benefit was found for evaluation and treatment of mammographic lesions with stereotactic core biopsy over needle localization.
Usefulness of the Triple Test Score for Palpable Breast MassesArticle
Educational Objective: To affirm the usefulness of palpation, mammography, and fine-needle aspiration (triple test) in evaluating palpable breast masses.
Elevated Body Mass Disrupts the Barrier to Gastroesophageal RefluxArticle
Educational Objective: To suggest that obesity impairs the antireflux function of a structurally intact barrier.
Intraoperative Ultrasound and Preoperative Localization Detects All Occult InsulinomasArticle
Educational Objective: To emphasize the role of intraoperative ultrasound and regional localization studies in detecting occult insulinomas.
Indications and Long-term Outcome of Treatment for Benign Hepatic Tumors: A Critical AppraisalArticle
Educational Objective: To establish criteria for surgical treatment of benign hepatic tumors.
The Role of Nephrectomy in the Acutely InjuredArticle
Educational Objective: To point out the generally severe injuries that accompany the need for nephrectomy, and thus the high mortality.
Predictive Factors for Metastatic Involvement of Nonsentinel Nodes in Patients With Breast CancerArticle
Educational Objective: To demonstrate that it was not possible to identify patients with a positive sentinel node in whom non–sentinel node metastases are absent.
Parathyroidectomy Can Improve Bone Mineral Density in Patients With Symptomatic Secondary HyperparathyroidismArticle
Educational Objective: To extend the value of parathyroidectomy to secondary hyperparathyroidism.
Archives of Surgery Reader's Choice: Continuing Medical Education. Arch Surg. 2001;136(9):1089. doi:10.1001/archsurg.136.9.1089
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