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Gueroult S, Parc Y, Duron F, Paye F, Parc R. Completion Pancreatectomy for Postoperative Peritonitis After Pancreaticoduodenectomy: Early and Late Outcome. Arch Surg. 2004;139(1):16–19. doi:10.1001/archsurg.139.1.16
Completion pancreatectomy in patients with pancreatic leakage associated with postoperative peritonitis after pancreaticoduodenectomy is a viable salvage procedure.
Retrospective analysis from a cohort of consecutive patients admitted between January 1, 1989, and December 31, 1999, for postoperative peritonitis originating from pancreaticojejunostomy leakage.
Tertiary referral center with surgical intensive care unit specializing in the treatment of intra-abdominal sepsis.
Eight consecutive patients with postoperative peritonitis originating from pancreaticojejunostomy after pancreaticoduodenectomy, with a mean Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II score of 18.6. We excluded patients with pancreatic fistulas or abscesses amenable to percutaneous drainage or other conservative treatment.
Main Outcome Measures
Mortality, morbidity, and long-term outcome, which was assessed by interview.
Three patients died in the postoperative period: 2 required early reoperation during the postoperative period and died of hemorrhage and sepsis, and 1 died of multiorgan failure without reoperation. Recurrence of carcinoma was responsible for late death of 2 other patients.
Posotperative peritonitis after pancreaticoduodenectomy still has high mortality; however, completion pancreatectomy may represent the only means to achieve source control of infection in cases of postoperative peritonitis.
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