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Original Article
November 1, 2004

Comparison of a New Fibrin Sealant With Standard Topical Hemostatic Agents

Author Affiliations

Author Affiliations: The Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY (Dr Schwartz); the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, Pa (Dr Madariaga); the University of California at San Francisco, San Francisco, Calif (Dr Hirose); INOVA Fairfax Hospital, Falls Church, Va (Dr Shaver); National Institute of Clinical Research, Los Angeles, Calif (Dr Sher); University of Massachusetts Medical Center, Worcester (Dr Chari); University of Maryland Medical System, Baltimore (Dr Colonna); Kings College Hospital, London, England (Mr Heaton); Queen Elizabeth Medical Center, Birmingham, England (Mr Mirza); University of Virginia, Charlottesville (Dr Adams); North Hampshire District Hospital, Hampshire, England (Mr Rees); and Leicester Royal Infirmary, Leicester, England (Mr Lloyd).

Arch Surg. 2004;139(11):1148-1154. doi:10.1001/archsurg.139.11.1148
Abstract

Background  Bleeding following liver resection continues to be a significant morbidity of the procedure. Fibrin sealants represent an improvement over conventional topical hemostatic agents, because they contain components that actively form clot. However, most available agents contain nonhuman protein, which represents an immunologic risk.

Hypothesis  An investigational surgical fibrin sealant (Crosseal; American Red Cross, Washington, DC) composed of human clottable proteins and human thrombin is more effective than standard topical hemostatic agents in reducing the time required to achieve hemostasis after liver resection.

Design  Prospective, randomized, controlled trial.

Setting  Fifteen major referral centers in the United States and the United Kingdom.

Methods  After liver resection using standard surgical techniques, 121 patients seen between May 1999 and May 2000 were randomized to treatment with a 2-component fibrin sealant (n=58) or to standard topical hemostatic agents, used singly or in combination (n=63). Up to 10 mL of Crosseal was administered by a spray applicator, as recommended by the manufacturer, whereas agents used in the control group were applied according to their instructions for use.

Main Outcome Measures  The primary outcome measured was time to hemostasis. Secondary outcomes measured included blood loss between application of the hemostatic agent and closure of the abdomen, duration of postoperative biliary drainage, and the occurrence of complications, defined a priori as reoperation for any reason, development of abdominal fluid collections, or bilious appearance of drained fluid for at least 1 day postoperatively.

Results  The mean time to hemostasis was 282 seconds with Crosseal, compared with 468 seconds with standard agents (2-sided; P =.06), for the 116 efficacy-evaluable patients. Hemostasis was achieved within 10 minutes in 53 patients (91.4%) treated with the study fibrin sealant and in 44 control patients (69.8%)(2-sided; P =.003). Intraoperative blood loss was similar in the 2 groups. In the Crosseal group, the percentage of patients developing postoperative complications was 17.2%, compared with 36.5% in the control group (2-sided; P =.02).

Conclusions  Compared with the use of standard topical hemostatic agents, Crosseal fibrin sealant significantly reduced the time to achieve hemostasis following liver resection. Patients treated with the new fibrin sealant also experienced significantly fewer postoperative complications.

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