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Original Article
December 1, 2004

Immediate and Medium-Term Results of Intraoperative Parathyroid Hormone Monitoring During Video-Assisted Parathyroidectomy

Author Affiliations

Author Affiliations: Departments of General and Endocrine Surgery (Drs Maweja, Sebag, Hubbard, and Henry) and Statistics (Dr Giorgi), University Hospital La Timone, Marseilles, France.

Arch Surg. 2004;139(12):1301-1303. doi:10.1001/archsurg.139.12.1301

Hypothesis  Using an intraoperative parathyroid hormone (IOPTH) assay during video-assisted parathyroidectomy by lateral approach is useful in patients with sporadic primary hyperparathyroidism, and the medium-term results of surgery are excellent.

Design  Retrospective study of patients with sporadic primary hyperparathyroidism following video-assisted parathyroidectomy by lateral approach with IOPTH measurement.

Patients  Of 394 patients with sporadic primary hyperparathyroidism, 200 (67%) were eligible for video-assisted parathyroidectomy by lateral approach: patients in whom a single enlarged gland was clearly localized by ultrasonography, sestamibi scintigraphy, or both.

Main Outcome Measures  An IOPTH assay was used in 198 patients. Intraoperative parathyroid hormone was measured at induction, skin incision, ablation, and 5 and 15 minutes after ablation.

Results  The immediate results of the IOPTH assay were true positive in 187 cases (94.4%), true negative in 8 cases (4%), false negative in 2 cases (1%), and false positive in 1 case (0.5%). The overall accuracy of the IOPTH assay was 98.5%. All patients were normocalcemic postoperatively. The median follow-up was 20.5 months in 150 reviewed: 149 patients (99.4%) were normocalcemic, 17 patients (11.3%) had an elevated PTH level with normocalcemia, and 1 patient (0.6%) had recurrent primary hyperparathyroidism.

Conclusions  In our experience, IOPTH monitoring during video-assisted parathyroidectomy by lateral approach is useful in detecting multiple gland disease not suspected by preoperative localization studies. Overall, IOPTH monitoring predicts medium-term normocalcemia with a success rate of 98.5% in patients with sporadic primary hyperparathyroidism.