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June 1947

PROGRESS IN ORTHOPEDIC SURGERY FOR 1945 A Review Prepared by an Editorial Board of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons: XVI. CONDITIONS INVOLVING THE KNEE JOINT

Author Affiliations

Fellows in Orthopedic Surgery, Mayo Foundation ROCHESTER, MINN.
From the Section on Orthopedic Surgery, Mayo Clinic.

Arch Surg. 1947;54(6):668-682. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1947.01230070679006

Anatomy and Physiology.  —Haxton600 reviews the literature dealing with the function of the patella. Experimental work shows that the patella improves the efficiency of knee extension in the more extended positions by holding the patellar tendon away from the axis and thereby increasing the extending movement of the pull of the quadriceps. Haxton, noting that patellectomy impairs the efficiency of the extensor apparatus, believes that the operation should be avoided if possible but believes it to be indicated in inflammatory and neoplastic diseases of bone and in osteoarthritis when this is confined to the patellofemoral articulation.Efskind601 discusses the absorptive function of the synovial membrane. Intra-articular injections of "perabrodil" (iodopyrin injection) were administered in doses of 15 cc., and absorption was controlled roentgenologically. Indigo carmine was administered in doses of 25 cc. of 2 per cent solution, and its concentration in the blood and urine was noted. A

Haxton, H.:  The Function of the Patella and the Effects of Its Excision ,  Surg., Gynec. & Obst. 80:389-395 ( (April) ) 1945.
Efskind, L.:  Clinical Studies on the Function of the Synovial Membrane of the Knee Joint ,  Acta chir. Scandinav. 88:37-48, 1943.
Sundt, H.:  On Partition of Sesamoid Bones of Lower Extremities: Patella Partita, Especially with Regard to Histological Findings and Relation to Traumatism; Among Others, Six Own Cases Examined Histologically; Contribution to Pathology of Patella ,  Acta orthop. Scandinav. 13:1-152, 1942.
Nickerson, S. H.:  Pathology of the Anomalies Found in Knee Joints ,  Am. J. Roentgenol. 53:213-229 ( (March) ) 1945.
Petermann, F. E.:  Quistes sinoviales del hueco popliteo ,  Arch. Soc. cirujanos hosp. 14:427-429 ( (June) ) 1944.
Hirsch, C.:  A Contribution to the Pathogenesis of Chondromalacia of the Patella: A Physical, Histologic and Chemical Study ,  Acta chir. Scandinav. ( (supp. 83) ) 90:1-106, 1944.
Turkell, J. H.:  Multiple Osteochondral Bodies in Synovial Membrane of Knee Joints in Cases of Mixed Rheumatoid and Degenerative Arthritis ,  J. Bone & Joint Surg. 27:149-154 ( (Jan.) ) 1945.
Pique, J. A., and Schajowicz, F.:  Lipomatosis difusa articular (lipomatosis arborescente) ,  Bol. y trab., Soc. argent. de cirujanos 5:736-766, 1944
 Rev. Asoc. méd. argent. 58:1113-1123 ( (Dec. 15) ) 1944.
Sjövall, H.:  Ueber den Wert der Probeexzision bei schwer zu diagnostizierenden Kniegelenkaffektionen ,  Acta chir. Scandinav. 89:407-416, 1943.
Wiberg, G.:  Spontaneous Healing of Osteochondritis Dissecans in the Knee-Joint ,  Acta orthop. Scandinav. 14:270-277, 1943.
Cox, F. J.:  Traumatic Osteochondritis of the Patella ,  Surgery 17:93-101 ( (Jan.) ) 1945.
Burns, B. H.; Young, R. H., and Muller, G. M.:  Wounds of the Knee-Joint ,  Lancet 1:551-553 ( (May 5) ) 1945.
Sjövall, H.:  Ein Fall von Ganglion in einem rupturierten Ligamentum cruciatum genus post ,  Acta chir. Scandinav. 87:331-341, 1942.
West, F. E.:  Diagnosis and Treatment of Internal Derangements of the Knee ,  S. Clin. North America 25:111-135 ( (Feb.) ) 1945.
Severin, E.:  Eigentümlicher freier Körper im Kniegelenk ,  Acta chir. Scandinav. 88:33-36, 1943.
Jaekle, R. F.:  Internal Derangements of the Knee Joint ,  Arch. Surg. 50:271-276 ( (May) ) 1945.
Sjövall, H.:  Die Spätergebnisse nach totaler Meniscusexstirpation; klinische Analyse und Nachuntersuchung von 144 in den Jahren 1929-1938 an der Lunder Orthopädischen Klinik operierten Fällen ,  Acta orthop. Scandinav. 13:153-217, 1942.
Stanek, W. F.:  Internal Derangements and Fractures Involving Knee: Results of One Hundred and Fifty Consecutive Arthrotomies Performed at Station Hospital ,  J. Bone & Joint Surg. 27:86-94 ( (Jan.) ) 1945.
Bingham, J. A. W., and McDonald, S.:  A Filarial Nodule Simulating a Cyst of the External Semilunar Cartilage ,  Brit. J. Surg. 32:326-327 ( (Oct.) ) 1944.
Lasher, W. W.:  Complete Dislocation of the Knee Unaccompanied by Fracture ,  Indust. Med. 14:188-189 ( (March) ) 1945.
Andersen, K.:  Some Experiences with a New Method for Arthrography ,  Acta radiol. 25:33-39, 1944.Crossref
Grossman, J. W., and Minor, H. H.:  Roentgen Demonstration of the Semilunar Cartilages of the Knee ,  Am. J. Roentgenol. 53:454-465 ( (May) ) 1945.
Abbott, L. C., and Carpenter, W. F.:  Surgical Approaches to Knee Joint ,  J. Bone & Joint Surg. 27:277-310 ( (April) ) 1945.
Buirge, R. E.:  A Sharp Dissector for Meniscectomy ,  Surgery 16:956-958 ( (Dec.) ) 1944.
Labry, R.:  A propos du traitement difficile des hydrohémarthroses traumatiques du genou ,  Lyon chir. 37:73-78, 1941-1942.
Morrison, G. M.:  A New Knee-Cartilage Knife ,  U. S. Nav. M. Bull. 44:404-405 ( (Feb.) ) 1945.
Haggart, G. E., and Thomas, G. L.:  Use of the Stader Splint in Arthrodesis of the Knee Joint (Preliminary Report) ,  Lahey Clin. Bull. 4:85-89 ( (Jan.) ) 1945.
Thompson, T. C.:  Quadricepsplasty ,  Ann. Surg. 121:751-754 ( (May) ) 1945.
Guildal, P.:  Ankylosis of the Knee with Marked Angulation: Straightening by Osteotomy and Wire-Traction ,  Acta chir. Scandinav. 87:138-144, 1942.