[Skip to Content]
[Skip to Content Landing]
July 1969

A Nonporous Fabric Drape: The Effect of Nonporous Material on Body Temperature of the Pediatric Surgical Patient

Author Affiliations

From the Department of Surgery, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh.

Arch Surg. 1969;99(1):123-125. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1969.01340130125026

It has long been recognized that cloth when it becomes wet is not an effective bacterial barrier.1,2 Plastic films provide absolute bacterial barriers, wet or dry. These films have not been exploited, however, on the theory that an impermeable drape material would cause a marked temperature elevation in the surgical patient.2,3-5 A recent study investigated the safety and acceptability of this nonporous draping fabric for adult surgical patients. No significant change in body temperature was noted.6

We undertook evaluation of this nonporous fabric for pediatric surgical patients and four findings paralleled the results obtained with adult patients. The previously accepted theory that patients could not be covered with an impermeable drape material without a dangerous rise in body temperature has not been supported by our data.

Materials and Methods  An impermeable fabric material consisting of synthetic rayon fibers bonded on both sides of a 0.025 mm polyethylene

Beck, W.C., and Carlson, W.W.:  Aseptic Barriers ,  Arch Surg 87:288-296 ( (Aug) ) 1963.Crossref
Sweeney, W.J.:  Disposable Clothlike Drapes in Obstetrics ,  Obstet Gynec 24:609-613 ( (Oct) ) 1964.
Beck, W.C., and Collette, T.S.:  False Faith in The Surgeon's Gown and Surgical Drape ,  Amer J Surg 83:125-126 ( (Feb) ) 1952.Crossref
Beck, W.C.:  An Effective and Safe Surgical Drape ,  Guthrie Clin Bull 32:45-50 ( (July) ) 1962.
Beck, W.C.:  Justified Faith in Surgical Drapes: A New and Safe Material for Draping ,  Amer J Surg 105:560-562 ( (April) ) 1963.Crossref
Stephenson, D.V., et al: A Nonporous Fabric: Study of Safety and Acceptability as a Surgical Drape, Surg Obstet Gynec, to be published.
Gorvoy, J.D.; Acs, H.; and Stein, M.L.:  The Hazard of Induction of Sweating in Cystic Fibrosis of the Pancreas ,  Pediatrics 25:977-982 ( (June) ) 1960.
Searles, P.W., and Lenahan, R.M.:  Changes in Skin and Rectal Temperatures During Surgical Anesthesia ,  New York J Med 52:1896-1900 ( (Aug 1) ) 1952.
Smith, R.A.:  Thermic Emergencies in Anesthesia ,  Hosp Pract 3:68-76 ( (April) ) 1968.
Stephen, C.R., et al:  Body Temperature Regulation During Anesthesia in Infants and Children ,  JAMA 174:1579-1585 ( (Nov 19) ) 1960.Crossref