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July 2019 - July 1920

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August 2019, Vol 154, No. 8, Pages 681-785

In This Issue of JAMA Surgery

JAMA Surgery

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Surg. 2019;154(8):681. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.3827
Viewpoint

Protecting Surgeons and Patients During Wars and Armed Conflicts: Importance of Predeployment Training on the Geneva Conventions and International Humanitarian Law

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2019;154(8):683-684. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.0041

This Viewpoint discusses the importance of surgeons’ having predeployment training on the rules and ethics that govern the decisions for care of injured people in volatile settings, such as wars and armed conflicts.

The IDEAL Framework for Evaluating Surgical Innovation: How It Can Be Used to Improve the Quality of Evidence

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2019;154(8):685-686. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.0903

This Viewpoint describes the IDEAL framework and encourages journal editors to consider incorporating this framework into the peer-review process.

Original Investigation

Association of Domestic Responsibilities With Career Satisfaction for Physician Mothers in Procedural vs Nonprocedural Fields

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA Surg. 2019;154(8):689-695. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.0529

This survey study of physician mothers examines the association between increased domestic workload and career dissatisfaction, and whether this association differs between proceduralists and nonproceduralists.

Assessment of Anti–Factor Xa Levels of Patients Undergoing Colorectal Surgery Given Once-Daily Enoxaparin Prophylaxis: A Clinical Study Examining Enoxaparin Pharmacokinetics

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2019;154(8):697-704. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.1165

This nonrandomized clinical trial examines the adequacy of enoxaparin, 40 mg per day, for venous thromboembolism prophylaxis in patients undergoing colorectal surgery.

Role of Adjuvant Multimodality Therapy After Curative-Intent Resection of Ampullary Carcinoma

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2019;154(8):706-714. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.1170

This cohort study examines whether long-term survival after curative-intent resection of ampullary adenocarcinoma may be improved by selection of patients for adjuvant therapy directed by histologic subtype.

Association of Brain Atrophy and Masseter Sarcopenia With 1-Year Mortality in Older Trauma Patients

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2019;154(8):716-723. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.0988

This cohort study uses opportunistic computed tomography imaging to investigate the association of masseter sarcopenia and brain atrophy with 1-year mortality among elderly patients who have sustained trauma.

Association Between Use of Enhanced Recovery After Surgery Protocol and Postoperative Complications in Colorectal Surgery: The Postoperative Outcomes Within Enhanced Recovery After Surgery Protocol (POWER) Study

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2019;154(8):725-736. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.0995

This cohort study examines the association between use of the Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) protocol in patients undergoing elective colorectal surgery and the incidence of postoperative complications.

Comparison of Cinematic Rendering and Computed Tomography for Speed and Comprehension of Surgical Anatomy

Abstract Full Text
open access has multimedia
JAMA Surg. 2019;154(8):738-744. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.1168

This German preclinical randomized crossover study assesses the anatomical understanding of resident and attending surgeons after reviewing patient cases by cinematic rendering and by computed tomography.

Fracture Risk After Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass vs Adjustable Gastric Banding Among Medicare Beneficiaries

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2019;154(8):746-753. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.1157

This cohort study examines claims data from 42 345 Medicare beneficiaries who underwent Roux-en-y gastric bypass or adjustable gastric banding to compare the association of each of the procedures with incidence of nonvertebral fracture.

Comparison of Costs of Radical Cystectomy vs Trimodal Therapy for Patients With Localized Muscle-Invasive Bladder Cancer

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. 2019;154(8):e191629. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.1629

This SEER–Medicare cohort study compares the costs associated with radical cystectomy vs trimodal therapy for older adults with localized muscle-invasive bladder cancer.

Association Between Preoperative Opioid and Benzodiazepine Prescription Patterns and Mortality After Noncardiac Surgery

Abstract Full Text
online only
JAMA Surg. 2019;154(8):e191652. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.1652

This cohort study investigates the association between preoperative opioid and/or benzodiazepine use and postoperative mortality and persistent opioid consumption among patients undergoing noncardiac surgical procedures in Iceland.

Invited Commentary

Domestic Responsibilities of Physician Mothers: Chores, Catsup Sandwiches, and Snacks

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2019;154(8):695-696. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.0535

Prevention of Venous Thromboembolism in Colorectal Surgery With Enoxaparin: Are We Using the Right Dose?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2019;154(8):704-705. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.1166

Adjuvant Therapy for Ampullary Cancer

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2019;154(8):715. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.1171

When I’m 64 (Slices)—Prognostication in Geriatric Trauma

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2019;154(8):723-724. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.1011

Enhanced Recovery After Surgery—Knowing, Not Guessing

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2019;154(8):736-737. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.1008

Advanced Volumetric 3-Dimensional Visualization of Surgical Anatomy—Are We There Yet?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2019;154(8):744-745. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.1169

Understanding the Long-term Effects of Bariatric Surgery: From Weight Loss to Bone Health

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2019;154(8):754. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.1158

The Enhanced Recovery After Surgery in Cardiac Surgery Revolution

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Surg. 2019;154(8):767. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.1154

Trimodal Therapy for Bladder Cancer: You Get What You Don’t Pay For

Abstract Full Text
online only
JAMA Surg. 2019;154(8):e191637. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.1637
Special Communication

Guidelines for Perioperative Care in Cardiac Surgery: Enhanced Recovery After Surgery Society Recommendations

Abstract Full Text
free access has active quiz
JAMA Surg. 2019;154(8):755-766. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.1153

In this review, the Enhanced Recovery After Surgery Cardiac Society describes the evidence for a range of care options after cardiac surgery.

Review

Role of Hepatic Artery Infusion Chemotherapy in Treatment of Initially Unresectable Colorectal Liver Metastases: A Review

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA Surg. 2019;154(8):768-776. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.1694

This narrative review discusses the biological rationale for hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy, evidence for conversion to resectability using hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy and systemic chemotherapy, and morbidity and toxic effect profiles of hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy.

Research Letter

Crowdsourced Traffic Data as an Emerging Tool to Monitor Car Crashes

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2019;154(8):777-778. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.1167

This study evaluates whether data from a crowdsourced traffic application can detect motor vehicle crashes faster than current reporting methods.

New Persistent Opioid Use After Postoperative Intensive Care in US Veterans

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2019;154(8):778-780. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.0899

This study uses medical records of more than 800 000 US veterans treated in the intensive care unit after surgery to determine the rate at which these patients developed new persistent opioid use.

Survival Outcomes Among Patients With Gastric Adenocarcinoma Who Received Hyperthermic Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy With Cytoreductive Surgery

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2019;154(8):780-782. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.1698

This study assesses survival outcomes among patients with gastric adenocarcinoma who received hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy combined with cytoreductive surgery at US academic centers.

Comment & Response

Complicated and Uncomplicated Acute Appendicitis Are Different Diseases—Do Not Compare Apples With Oranges

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2019;154(8):782-783. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.1056

Complicated and Uncomplicated Acute Appendicitis Are Different Diseases—Do Not Compare Apples With Oranges—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2019;154(8):783. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.1059

Questioning the Higher Abscess Rate and Overall Cost of Care Associated With Nonoperative Management of Uncomplicated Acute Appendicitis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2019;154(8):784. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.1161

Questioning the Higher Abscess Rate and Overall Cost of Care Associated With Nonoperative Management of Uncomplicated Acute Appendicitis—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2019;154(8):784-785. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.1162
Correction

Error in Table and Text

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. 2019;154(8):785. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.1864

Affiliation Added and Error in the Introduction

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. 2019;154(8):785. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.2233
JAMA Surgery Masthead

JAMA Surgery

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. 2019;154(8):682. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.3828
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