Weber and colleagues conducted a prospective multicenter study investigating preoperative and postoperative depression, anxiety, suicidal ideation, and health-related quality of life in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism and compared these variables with a control group with nontoxic thyroid nodules. Janice L. Pasieka provides a related invited commentary.
Owen et al analyze postoperative outcomes, morbidity, and mortality following enterocutaneous fistula takedown.
Holcomb et al relate in-hospital mortality to early transfusion of plasma and/or platelets and to time-varying plasma:red blood cell and platelet:red blood cell ratios.
Gajdos et al determine whether patients on long-term dialysis undergoing major nonemergent general surgical procedures have elevated risks of postoperative complications and death.
In a prospective study, Conason and coauthors assess substance use before and after bariatric weight loss surgery.
Baena-Fustegueras and colleagues studied soluble CD40 ligand (sCD40L) and other factors implicated in coagulation (plasminogen activator inhibitor 1, antithrombin III, and fibrinogen) and inflammation (C-reactive protein) in 34 patients with morbid obesity and different body mass indexes, before and after weight loss induced by bariatric surgery.
Roman et al performed a retrospective review of patient records to determine whether myotomy to alleviate esophagogastric junction outflow obstruction in achalasia improves peristalsis. An invited critique by Heitmiller follows.
The number of transplant nondirect donors triggered through chains is discussed by Melcher et al. This is a retrospective review of 57 US transplant centers contributing to donor-recipient pairs.
Radwan and coauthors report the use of an emergency department protocol for expediting delivery and transfusion of thawed plasma. See the invited critique by Hiatt.
To qualitatively categorize anastomotic leaks that occur after low anterior resection for rectal cancer and to describe their effect on outcomes, Caulfield and Hyman performed a retrospective review of 210 patients. The main outcome measures included anastomotic leak, associated treatment, and need for permanent stoma creation.
Liang et al reviewed the medical records of 128 patients who underwent stoma reversal and evaluated the incidence and characteristics of those who developed surgical site infection. An invited critique by Cheadle follows.
Slieker et al reviewed 117 clinical and experimental studies on techniques and suture material to help determine the role of the hand-sewn colorectal anastomosis.
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