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December 2015, Vol 150, No. 12, Pages 1105-1203

In This Issue of JAMA Surgery

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Surg. 2015;150(12):1105. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2014.2538
Viewpoint

Breast Cancer Screening in Elderly Women: Primum Non Nocere

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2015;150(12):1107-1108. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.2663

This Viewpoint discusses clinical breast examination as an alternative to screening mammography in elderly women.

Original Investigation

Variation in Hospital Episode Costs With Bariatric Surgery

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. 2015;150(12):1109-1115. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.2394

This cohort study reports there are variations in hospital episode payments among Medicare patients undergoing bariatric surgery procedures.

Effect of Bariatric Surgery vs Medical Treatment on Type 2 Diabetes in Patients With Body Mass Index Lower Than 35: Five-Year Outcomes

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. 2015;150(12):1117-1124. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.2602

This cohort study compares the 5-year efficacy of gastrointestinal metabolic surgery vs medical treatment for type 2 diabetes mellitus in mildly obese patients.

Remission of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Patients After Different Types of Bariatric Surgery: A Population-Based Cohort Study in the United Kingdom

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. 2015;150(12):1126-1133. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.2398

This cohort study reports that bariatric surgery increases the chance for remission of type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Effect of Delirium and Other Major Complications on Outcomes After Elective Surgery in Older Adults

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. 2015;150(12):1134-1140. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.2606

This prospective cohort study found that postoperative complications and delirium are separately associated with adverse events and demonstrate a combined effect.

Pacific Coast Surgical Association

Size of Extranodal Extension on Sentinel Lymph Node Dissection in the American College of Surgeons Oncology Group Z0011 Trial Era

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. 2015;150(12):1141-1148. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.1687

This cohort study evaluates the impact of extranodal extension size on axillary nodal burden, disease recurrence, and survival in patients with breast cancer.

Pacific Coast Surgical Association

Effect of Liver Transplant on Long-term Disease-Free Survival in Children With Hepatoblastoma and Hepatocellular Cancer

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. 2015;150(12):1150-1158. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.1847

This case series assesses the efficacy of liver transplantation in children with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma or hepatoblastoma.

Pacific Coast Surgical Association

Survival After Endovascular vs Open Aortic Aneurysm Repairs

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. 2015;150(12):1160-1166. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.2644

This observational study reports that the survival advantage of endovascular over open aortic aneurysm repairs is maintained for 3 years, after which time, endovascular repair was associated with a higher mortality but mortality differences did not reach statistical significance during the study period.

Removal or Revision of Vaginal Mesh Used for the Treatment of Stress Urinary Incontinence

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. 2015;150(12):1167-1175. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.2590

This population-based cohort study investigates whether the risk for revision of a mesh-based procedure for treatment of stress urinary incontinence is related to surgeon volume among women who underwent these procedures.

Prevalence of Domestic Violence Among Trauma Patients

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. 2015;150(12):1177-1183. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.2386

This analysis assesses the reported prevalence of domestic violence among trauma patients.

Invited Commentary

Bundling Our Health Care Future

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2015;150(12):1115-1116. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.2422

Is Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery a Population Solution for Obesity and Type 2 Diabetes?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2015;150(12):1124-1125. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.2616

The Biology Behind the American College of Surgeons Oncology Group Z0011 Trial

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2015;150(12):1148-1149. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.1716

Liver Transplantation for Pediatric Hepatoblastoma and Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Out of the Unknown

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2015;150(12):1158-1159. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.1875

A Population Analysis of Aortic Aneurysm Repair—Better Than Randomized Clinical Trials?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2015;150(12):1166. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.2651

Complications After Surgery for Stress Urinary Incontinence: Untangling a Mesh of Uncertainties

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2015;150(12):1175-1176. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.2596
Surgical Innovation

Applications of Nanotechnology in the Management of Cancer: Miniature Technology, Great Potential

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2015;150(12):1184-1185. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.2654

This Surgical Innovation discusses the applications arising from nanotechnology for therapeutic and diagnostic use in cancer.

JAMA Surgery Clinical Challenge

A Case of Unexpected Gastric Mass

Abstract Full Text
has multimedia
JAMA Surg. 2015;150(12):1187-1188. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.0981

A woman in her 70s presents with an asymptomatic mass of the gastric fundus. What is your diagnosis?

A Painless Mass in the Pancreas: Incidental Finding

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2015;150(12):1189-1190. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.1244

We present the case of a 40-year-old man who was admitted to our hospital with acute abdominal pain on the right flank. A similar episode had occurred 1 month before admission that improved spontaneously. What is your diagnosis?

Research Letter

Temporal Trends in and Factors Associated With Contralateral Prophylactic Mastectomy Among US Men With Breast Cancer

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. 2015;150(12):1192-1194. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.2657

This study examines the temporal trends in and the factors associated with contralateral prophylactic mastectomy among men who received a diagnosis of unilateral invasive breast cancer.

Negative Finding From Computed Tomography of the Abdomen After Blunt Trauma

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. 2015;150(12):1194-1195. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.1649

This study investigates whether a negative computed tomographic finding following blunt trauma is sufficient for ruling out intra-abdominal injury.

Association of VA Surgeons

Safety and Short-term Outcomes of a Single-Port Laparoscopic Approach to Colorectal Surgery

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Surg. 2015;150(12):1195-1197. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.2409

This study hypothesizes that safe and reasonable outcomes can be achieved when single-port laparoscopy is used before a right hemicolectomy for obese patients.

Association of VA Surgeons

Postoperative Telehealth Visits: Assessment of Quality and Preferences of Veterans

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Surg. 2015;150(12):1197-1199. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.2660

This quality improvement project assesses the preferences of veterans with regard to telephone, video, and in-person postoperative visits.

Association of VA Surgeons

Frequency of Surgery Cancellations Associated With Myocardial Infarction or Death 6 Months After Coronary Stent Placement

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Surg. 2015;150(12):1199-1201. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.3078

This study hypothesizes that surgery cancellations are more frequent in the first 6 months following the placement of a drug-eluting stent and that a higher proportion of early cancellations are associated with acute myocardial infarction or death.

Comment & Response

Financial Benefits of Laparoscopic Colectomy: Could They Be Even Greater?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2015;150(12):1202. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.2776

High-Resolution Anoscopy: A Valuable Skill for Colorectal Surgeons and Nurse Practitioners

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2015;150(12):1202-1203. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.2782

Genuflecting to Hospital Variation in Home Discharge

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2015;150(12):1203. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.2416

Genuflecting to Hospital Variation in Home Discharge—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2015;150(12):1203. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.2419
JAMA Surgery Masthead

JAMA Surgery

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Surg. 2015;150(12):1106. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2014.2539
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