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February 2015, Vol 150, No. 2, Pages 93-183

In This Issue of JAMA Surgery

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Surg. 2015;150(2):93. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2014.2488
Viewpoint

Home Discharge as a Performance Metric for Surgery

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2015;150(2):96-97. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2014.1725

Resident's Forum

Surgical Mentorship From Mentee to Mentor: Lessons From the Life of Alfred Blalock, MD

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2015;150(2):98-99. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2014.2068

This Viewpoint offers a historical perspective on the significance of mentorship in surgical education and training.

Editorial

Surgical Delivery in Under-Resourced Settings

Surgical Delivery in Under-resourced Settings: Building Systems and Capacity Around the Corner and Far Away

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2015;150(2):100-102. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2014.3496
Original Investigation

Association of VA Surgeons

Time Required for Institutional Review Board Review at One Veterans Affairs Medical Center

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. 2015;150(2):103-109. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2014.956

This original investigation shows that the review times observed at one institutional review board are substantially longer than the 60-day target recommended by expert panels.

Surgical Duration and Risk of Venous Thromboembolism

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. 2015;150(2):110-117. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2014.1841

This retrospective cohort study demonstrates that longer surgery is directly associated with an increased risk for venous thromboembolism.

Pacific Coast Surgical Association

Autologous Islet Transplantation With Remote Islet Isolation After Pancreas Resection for Chronic Pancreatitis

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. 2015;150(2):118-124. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2014.932

This retrospective cohort study finds that pancreatic resection with autologous islet transplantation for severe chronic pancreatitis is a safe and effective final alternative to ameliorate debilitating pain and to help prevent the development of surgical diabetes.

Association of VA Surgeons

Prediction of Nocturia Severity in Men: Nocturnal Urine Overproduction vs Race or Metabolic Risk Factors

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. 2015;150(2):125-128. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2014.1332

This retrospective review finds that neither race nor metabolic risk factors affect nocturia severity; however, variables that denote nocturnal urine overproduction sharply discriminate the risk of nocturia severity.

Optimal Time for Early Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy for Acute Cholecystitis

Abstract Full Text
free access has audio
JAMA Surg. 2015;150(2):129-136. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2014.2339

This retrospective review found that laparoscopic cholecystectomy performed within 2 days of presentation of acute cholecystitis yielded the best outcomes and lowest costs.

Selective Surgical Localization of Axillary Lymph Nodes Containing Metastases in Patients With Breast Cancer: A Prospective Feasibility Trial

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. 2015;150(2):137-143. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2014.1086

This prospective feasibility trial adds selective removal of clip-containing lymph nodes to sentinel lymph node dissection, with the possibility of identifying patients for limited nodal surgery after chemotherapy.

Bariatric Surgery and the Changing Current Scope of General Surgery Practice: Implications for General Surgery Residency Training

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. 2015;150(2):144-151. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2014.2242

This database study found that surgical training does not sufficiently emphasize the necessary exposure to technical expertise and clinical management of patients undergoing bariatric surgery.

Tracking Early Readmission After Pancreatectomy to Index and Nonindex Institutions: A More Accurate Assessment of Readmission

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. 2015;150(2):152-158. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2014.2346

This retrospective analysis of a prospectively collected institutional database linked to statewide data of patients who underwent pancreatectomy at a tertiary care referral center finds that 21.5% of patients required early readmission after pancreatectomy.

Subtotal Cholecystectomy for “Difficult Gallbladders”: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. 2015;150(2):159-168. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2014.1219

This systematic review and meta-analysis demonstrates that subtotal cholecystectomy is an important tool for use in difficult gallbladders and achieves morbidity rates comparable to those reported for total cholecystectomy in simple cases.

Pacific Coast Surgical Association

A National Review of the Frequency of Minimally Invasive Surgery Among General Surgery Residents: Assessment of ACGME Case Logs During 2 Decades of General Surgery Resident Training

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. 2015;150(2):169-172. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2014.1791

This retrospective review shows that minimally invasive surgery has an increasingly prominent role in contemporary surgical therapy for many common diseases, although the open approach still predominates in all but 5 procedures.

Special Communication

Mary Edwards Walker: The Soul Ahead of Her Time

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2015;150(2):173-174. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2014.877

This special communication tells the story of Mary Edwards Walker, a surgeon in the Civil War.

JAMA Surgery Clinical Challenge

Retroperitoneal Mass

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2015;150(2):175-176. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2014.364

Gastrointestinal Perforation

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2015;150(2):177-178. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2014.358
Research Letter

Thromboxane-Dependent Platelet Activation After Gastric Banding for Obesity

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. 2015;150(2):179-180. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2014.1682

Association of VA Surgeons

Ultrasonography-Guided Identification With Methylene Blue Tattooing of the Ilioinguinal Nerve for Neurectomy for Chronic Pain: A Case Series

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Surg. 2015;150(2):180-182. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2014.1098

Association of VA Surgeons

Decreased Wait Times After Institution of Office-Based Hand Surgery in a Veterans Administration Setting

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. 2015;150(2):182-183. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2014.1239
Comment & Response

Patient-Centered Operating Room Briefings to Improve Surgical Quality

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2015;150(2):183. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2014.2917
Correction

Error in Text

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. 2015;150(2):183. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2014.3924

Error in Byline and Author Contributions

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. 2015;150(2):183. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.1

Errors in Figure Labels

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. 2015;150(2):183. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.8
JAMA Surgery Masthead

JAMA Surgery

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. 2015;150(2):95. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2014.2489
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