This Viewpoint discusses global surgery initiatives in low- and middle-income countries.
This Viewpoints report on a program to help residents cope with daily stress, provide tools to manage challenges after completing residency, and reduce the risk of burnout, depression, and suicide.
This retrospective cohort study shows that health care reform in Massachusetts did not affect insurance coverage for trauma patients but was associated with a transient increase in adjusted mortality rates. See also the Invited Commentary by Lee.
This clinical trial analyzes the feasibility and clinical benefit of intraoperative near infrared fluorescence sentinel lymph node excision (SLNE) compared with standard technetium Tc 99m–guided SLNE in 80 patients with malignant melanoma on the trunk or extremities.
In this prospective study, the economic impact of using liberal vs restrictive blood transfusion triggers in patients undergoing pancreas, liver, or colorectal surgery is assessed.
This preliminary analysis of mortality after open abdominal aortic aneurysm repair and endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair shows that outcomes depend on hospital-level effects, particularly hospital size and type. See also the Invited Commentary by Goodney.
This cohort study observes similar morbidity and mortality rates in pregnant and nonpregnant women undergoing general surgical operations.
This retrospective review determined that the Center of Excellence certification requirement did not limit patients’ access to bariatric surgery based on demographic characteristics. See also the Invited Commentary by Dimick.
This pre-post analysis of patients who received visceral angiography for acute lower gastrointestinal hemorrhage showed that preceding visceral angiography with computed tomographic angiography improves localization of the hemorrhage site. See also the Invited Commentary by Lightner and Russell.
This observational cohort study found that β-blockade was beneficial perioperatively in high-cardiac-risk patients undergoing noncardiac surgery but increased the risk of death in patients with no cardiac risk factors.
This cohort study observes that use of nephron-sparing surgery exceeds that of radical nephrectomy for small kidney cancers; nonsurgical management is low.
This Invited Commentary discusses the need for better data to assess mortality in abdominal aortic aneurysm repair and improve practice patterns in vascular surgery.
This Invited Commentary discusses the increasing use of computed tomographic angiography prior to visceral angiography for lower gastrointestinal hemorrhage and raises questions about clinical outcomes and costs to be considered before it is used routinely.
A telehealth intervention is described in patients following liver transplantation.
A 20-year-old woman had small free fluid within the pelvis and 2 large mesenteric masses adjacent to the liver, pancreas, and stomach. What is your diagnosis?
This anonymous, voluntary, electronic survey sought to characterize the techniques of vein graft preservation and handling among a large cohort of high-performing US cardiovascular hospitals.
This study evaluates the safety of not performing a sentinel node biopsy for patients 70 years of age or older with clinically node-negative breast cancer.
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