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January 2016, Vol 151, No. 1, Pages 1-96

In This Issue of JAMA Surgery

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. 2016;151(1):1. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.2892
Viewpoint

A Surgeon’s Guide to Bundled Payment Models for Episodes of Care

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2016;151(1):3-4. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.2779

This Viewpoint discusses the expansion of value-based delivery, shifting from volume-based fee-for-service to fee-for-value models in health care.

Surgery and Medicare Shared Savings Program Accountable Care Organizations

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2016;151(1):5-6. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.2772

This Viewpoint reports on the composition of physicians participating in Medicare Shared Savings Program (MSSP) accountable care organizations to determine the degree to which surgeons and other specialists are participating in MSSP programs.

Original Investigation

Use of Computed Tomography in Diagnosing Ventral Hernia Recurrence: A Blinded, Prospective, Multispecialty Evaluation

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. 2016;151(1):7-13. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.2580

This study reports that computed tomographic imaging was not associated with reliable diagnosing in ventral hernia recurrence owing to the high interobserver variability.

The Effect of a Golden Hour Policy on the Morbidity and Mortality of Combat Casualties

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. 2016;151(1):15-24. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.3104

This data analysis of US military casualties in Afghanistan reports that a 2009 mandate from the Secretary of Defense resulted in 75.2% of missions achieving transport from combat injury to treatment facility in 60 minutes or less.

Association of VA Surgeons

Association Between American Board of Surgery In-Training Examination Scores and Resident Performance

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. 2016;151(1):26-31. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.3088

This cross-sectional study examines whether favorable evaluations of residents in postgraduate years 1 through 5 correlate with performance on the American Board of Surgery In-Training Examination.

Extent of Lymphadenectomy and Prognosis After Esophageal Cancer Surgery

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. 2016;151(1):32-39. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.2611

This cohort study reports that the extent of lymphadenectomy during surgery for esophageal cancer is not associated with 5-year all-cause or disease-specific survival.

Association of Model for End-Stage Liver Disease Score and Mortality in Trauma Patients With Chronic Liver Disease

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. 2016;151(1):41-48. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.3114

This study of critically ill trauma patients with chronic liver disease reports that a decrease in Model for End-Stage Liver Disease score within 72 hours of intensive care unit admission is associated with improved mortality.

Pacific Coast Surgical Association

A Clinical Tool for the Prediction of Venous Thromboembolism in Pediatric Trauma Patients

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. 2016;151(1):50-57. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.2670

This review of 536 423 pediatric patients 0 to 17 years old using the National Trauma Data Bank from 2007 to 2012 develops a risk prediction calculator for venous thromboembolism in children admitted to the hospital after traumatic injury.

Association of VA Surgeons

Effect of Aortic Clamping Strategy on Postoperative Stroke in Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Operations

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. 2016;151(1):59-62. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.3097

This cohort study examines whether the clamping method used to perform proximal anastomoses during coronary artery bypass grafting procedures influences postoperative stroke incidence.

Association of VA Surgeons

Effect of Airway Pressure Release Ventilation on Dynamic Alveolar Heterogeneity

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. 2016;151(1):64-72. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.2683

This randomized, nonblinded laboratory animal study reports how dynamic alveolar heterogeneity is influenced by 2 modes of mechanical ventilation (low tidal-volume ventilation and airway pressure release ventilation), using in vivo microscopy to directly measure alveolar size distributions.

Invited Commentary

Computed Tomographic Imaging in the Diagnosis of Recurrent Ventral Hernia

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2016;151(1):13-14. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.2587

The Power of Advanced Capability and Informed Policy

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2016;151(1):25. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.3111

The Continuing Quest for Meaningful Faculty Evaluations of Residents

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2016;151(1):31. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.3094

Survival After Lymphadenectomy in Patients With Esophageal Cancer: A Controversial Issue

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2016;151(1):40. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.2599

Use of Model for End-Stage Liver Disease Scoring Dynamics in Critically Ill Cirrhotic Trauma Patients

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2016;151(1):48-49. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.3154

Pediatric Venous Thromboembolism—Like Adult Clots, Only Smaller

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2016;151(1):57-58. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.2680

Partial vs Single Aortic Clamping: What Is the Difference?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2016;151(1):63. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.3101
Review

An Evidence-Based Approach to the Treatment of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. 2016;151(1):73-78. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.4233

This article reviews the pathophysiology, clinical presentation, diagnostic evaluation, and treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease.

Surgical Innovation

The Surgeon Cost Report Card: A Novel Cost-Performance Feedback Tool

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2016;151(1):79-80. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.2666

This article reviews a cost-performance feedback tool to provide surgeons with a continuous assessment of operating room expenditures to increase surgeons’ awareness of costs and encourage changes in behavior.

JAMA Surgery Clinical Challenge

Progressive Lower Extremity Pain

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2016;151(1):81-82. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.1478

A 39-year-old active woman presented with a progressive 6-month history of bilateral lower extremity pain after walking 1 block or ascending a flight of stairs. The pain was aching, relieved with rest, and primarily in her buttocks and thighs bilaterally. What is your diagnosis?

A Large Liver Mass With Acute Hemorrhage

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2016;151(1):83-84. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.1945

A man in his 60s presents to the emergency department after collapsing with sudden-onset back and abdominal pain; computed tomography shows a large right hepatic mass with intrahepatic and intraperitoneal hemorrhage. What is your diagnosis?

Research Letter

Association of VA Surgeons

Increasing Incidence of and Increased Mortality Associated With Clostridium difficile–Associated Megacolon

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. 2016;151(1):85-86. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.2677

This study attempts to determine the changes in the incidence and outcomes of Clostridium difficile–associated megacolon over a 10-year period.

Association of VA Surgeons

Delays in Surgery for Patients With Coronary Stents Placed After Diagnosis of Colorectal Cancer

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. 2016;151(1):86-88. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.3130

This study sought to determine whether the presence of a coronary stent affected the timing of colorectal cancer resection and the postoperative outcomes.

Association of VA Surgeons

Helmet Use and Injury Patterns in Motorcycle-Related Trauma

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. 2016;151(1):88-90. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.3225

This study evaluates the injury patterns, surgical indications, and costs of hospital admission for helmeted and unhelmeted riders.

Optical Biopsy of Bladder Cancer Using Crowd-Sourced Assessment

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. 2016;151(1):90-93. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.3121

This study assesses the use of confocal laser endomicroscopy to diagnose and grade bladder cancer and applied crowdsourcing to determine the barriers to learning how to diagnose cancer using confocal laser endomicroscopy.

Association of VA Surgeons

Pedicled Flap Reconstruction for Patients With Pressure Ulcers: Complications and Resource Utilization by Ulcer Site

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. 2016;151(1):93-94. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.3228

This study identifies the factors associated with flap-related complications and increased resource utilization in patients with pressure ulcers.

Comment & Response

Global Academic Surgery and Global Outcomes in Surgery: Developing a Sustainable Model for the Development of Audit and Research Capacity

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2016;151(1):94-95. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.3082

Emotional Aspects of Never Events

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2016;151(1):95-96. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.3085

Major Effect of the Syndrome of Rapid-Onset End-Stage Renal Disease on the Use of Arteriovenous Fistulas: High Rates of Initiation of Hemodialysis With Hemodialysis Catheter in the United States

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2016;151(1):96. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.2430

Incorrect Degree for Author

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2016;151(1):96. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.3530
Correction

Error in Byline

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. 2016;151(1):96. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.3574

Omitted Middle Initial and Incorrect Degree

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. 2016;151(1):96. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.5312
JAMA Surgery Masthead

JAMA Surgery

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. 2016;151(1):2. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.2893
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