This Viewpoint discusses the expansion of value-based delivery, shifting from volume-based fee-for-service to fee-for-value models in health care.
This Viewpoint reports on the composition of physicians participating in Medicare Shared Savings Program (MSSP) accountable care organizations to determine the degree to which surgeons and other specialists are participating in MSSP programs.
This study reports that computed tomographic imaging was not associated with reliable diagnosing in ventral hernia recurrence owing to the high interobserver variability.
This data analysis of US military casualties in Afghanistan reports that a 2009 mandate from the Secretary of Defense resulted in 75.2% of missions achieving transport from combat injury to treatment facility in 60 minutes or less.
This cross-sectional study examines whether favorable evaluations of residents in postgraduate years 1 through 5 correlate with performance on the American Board of Surgery In-Training Examination.
This cohort study reports that the extent of lymphadenectomy during surgery for esophageal cancer is not associated with 5-year all-cause or disease-specific survival.
This study of critically ill trauma patients with chronic liver disease reports that a decrease in Model for End-Stage Liver Disease score within 72 hours of intensive care unit admission is associated with improved mortality.
This review of 536 423 pediatric patients 0 to 17 years old using the National Trauma Data Bank from 2007 to 2012 develops a risk prediction calculator for venous thromboembolism in children admitted to the hospital after traumatic injury.
This cohort study examines whether the clamping method used to perform proximal anastomoses during coronary artery bypass grafting procedures influences postoperative stroke incidence.
This randomized, nonblinded laboratory animal study reports how dynamic alveolar heterogeneity is influenced by 2 modes of mechanical ventilation (low tidal-volume ventilation and airway pressure release ventilation), using in vivo microscopy to directly measure alveolar size distributions.
This article reviews the pathophysiology, clinical presentation, diagnostic evaluation, and treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease.
This article reviews a cost-performance feedback tool to provide surgeons with a continuous assessment of operating room expenditures to increase surgeons’ awareness of costs and encourage changes in behavior.
A 39-year-old active woman presented with a progressive 6-month history of bilateral lower extremity pain after walking 1 block or ascending a flight of stairs. The pain was aching, relieved with rest, and primarily in her buttocks and thighs bilaterally. What is your diagnosis?
A man in his 60s presents to the emergency department after collapsing with sudden-onset back and abdominal pain; computed tomography shows a large right hepatic mass with intrahepatic and intraperitoneal hemorrhage. What is your diagnosis?
This study attempts to determine the changes in the incidence and outcomes of Clostridium difficile–associated megacolon over a 10-year period.
This study sought to determine whether the presence of a coronary stent affected the timing of colorectal cancer resection and the postoperative outcomes.
This study evaluates the injury patterns, surgical indications, and costs of hospital admission for helmeted and unhelmeted riders.
This study assesses the use of confocal laser endomicroscopy to diagnose and grade bladder cancer and applied crowdsourcing to determine the barriers to learning how to diagnose cancer using confocal laser endomicroscopy.
This study identifies the factors associated with flap-related complications and increased resource utilization in patients with pressure ulcers.
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