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August 2019 - July 1920

Decade

Year

Issue

July 2016, Vol 151, No. 7, Pages 597-687

In This Issue of JAMA Surgery

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Surg. 2016;151(7):597. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.2928
Viewpoint

Power Outage—Inadequate Surgeon Performance Measures Leave Patients in the Dark

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2016;151(7):599-600. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.5459

This Viewpoint explores the limits of the methods used in the Surgeon Scorecard, uses laparoscopic cholecystectomy data to illustrate the inherent statistical challenges the Scorecard faces, and suggests improvements for future surgical performance assessments.

Concurrent Surgery and Informed Consent

Abstract Full Text
has audio
JAMA Surg. 2016;151(7):601-602. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2016.0511

This Viewpoint examines the practice of concurrent surgery and the need to discuss with patients when and why a surgeon may be absent during noncritical portions of a procedure.

Original Investigation

Number of Diverticulitis Episodes Before Resection and Factors Associated With Earlier Interventions

Abstract Full Text
free access has audio
JAMA Surg. 2016;151(7):604-610. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.5478

This nationwide retrospective cohort study describes patterns of episodes of diverticulitis before surgery and factors associated with earlier interventions using inpatient, outpatient, and antibiotic prescription claims.

Effect of Regional Hospital Competition and Hospital Financial Status on the Use of Robotic-Assisted Surgery

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Surg. 2016;151(7):612-620. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.5508

This study evaluates associations between measures of hospital competition and financial status and the proportion of radical prostatectomies, nephrectomies, hysterectomies, and oophorectomies that were robotic-assisted.

Derivation and Validation of a Quality Indicator to Benchmark In-Hospital Complications Among Injury Admissions

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Surg. 2016;151(7):622-630. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.5484

This multicenter cohort study of a trauma system in Canada reports the development of a quality indicator for in-hospital complications that can be used to evaluate the quality of acute injury care.

Association of Patient Age at Gastric Bypass Surgery With Long-term All-Cause and Cause-Specific Mortality

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Surg. 2016;151(7):631-637. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.5501

This study examines whether gastric bypass surgery is equally effective in reducing mortality in groups undergoing surgery at different ages.

A Comparative Effectiveness Analysis of the Implementation of Surgical Safety Checklists in a Tertiary Care Hospital

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Surg. 2016;151(7):639-646. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.5490

This comparative effectiveness analysis assesses the association between the implementation of surgical safety checklists and all-cause 90- and 30-day mortality among patients undergoing noncardiac surgery.

Association of Breast Conservation Surgery for Cancer With 90-Day Reoperation Rates in New York State

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Surg. 2016;151(7):648-655. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.5535

This cohort study uses New York Statewide Planning and Cooperation System data to describe the frequency of reoperation 90 days after breast conservation surgery among women in New York State between 2003 and 2013.

Pacific Coast Surgical Association

Association of Model for End-Stage Liver Disease Score With Mortality in Emergency General Surgery Patients

Abstract Full Text
free access online only
JAMA Surg. 2016;151(7):e160789. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2016.0789

This cohort study evaluates whether the Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) score is associated with mortality in emergency general surgery patients.

Pacific Coast Surgical Association

Use of Metabolomics to Trend Recovery and Therapy After Injury in Critically Ill Trauma Patients

Abstract Full Text
free access online only
JAMA Surg. 2016;151(7):e160853. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2016.0853

This cohort study examines whether metabolomics can distinguish healthy volunteers from trauma patients and quantify changes in catabolic metabolites over time after traumatic injury.

Invited Commentary

Improving Treatment of Uncomplicated Diverticulitis: The Old Appendicitis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2016;151(7):611. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.5552

Implications of Market Competition, Technology Adoption, and Cost for Surgical Patients

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2016;151(7):621. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.5554

Expanding Our Understanding of Age-Related Mortality After Gastric Bypass Surgery

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2016;151(7):638. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.5553

The Surgical Checklist: It Cannot Work If You Do Not Use It

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2016;151(7):647. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.5551

Reoperation for Margins After Breast Conservation Surgery: What’s Old Is New Again

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2016;151(7):656. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.5555

Mind MELD or Ignore It at Your Peril

Abstract Full Text
online only
JAMA Surg. 2016;151(7):e160839. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2016.0839
Special Communication

How to Use a Randomized Clinical Trial Addressing a Surgical Procedure: Users’ Guide to the Medical Literature

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2016;151(7):657-662. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2016.0072

This Users’ Guide to the Medical Literature describes the assessment of randomized clinical trials addressing surgical procedures.

Review

Molecular-Directed Treatment of Differentiated Thyroid Cancer: Advances in Diagnosis and Treatment

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2016;151(7):663-670. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2016.0825

This review summarizes advances on the use of molecular testing to improve the diagnosis and prognostication of thyroid cancer.

Surgical Innovation

Video Telementoring to Accelerate Learning of New Surgical Techniques

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2016;151(7):671-672. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2016.0054

This article reports on how video telementoring is likely to play an increasing role in surgical education.

JAMA Surgery Clinical Challenge

A Woman With Abdominal Pain and Anemia

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2016;151(7):673-674. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2016.0246

A 57-year-old woman presented to the emergency department with a 1 day history of upper abdominal pain. What is your diagnosis?

Calcified Cyst in the Spleen

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2016;151(7):675-676. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2016.0060

A man in his mid-50s was referred to our hospital because he had a cystic mass in his spleen that was discovered incidentally during a routine physical examination. He had no history of abdominal trauma, infection, or surgery. What is your diagnosis?

Research Letter

Continuity of Private Health Insurance Coverage After Traumatic Brain Injury

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Surg. 2016;151(7):678-680. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2016.0040

This study examines the traumatic brain injury–related factors associated with accelerated change in health insurance coverage and the differences in time to coverage change among individuals with employer-provided private insurance.

Comparing Publicly Reported Surgical Outcomes With Quality Measures From a Statewide Improvement Collaborative

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Surg. 2016;151(7):680-682. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2016.0077

This study examines whether surgeon-specific complication rates reported in the Surgeon Scorecard correlate with several perioperative quality measures.

Persistent Prefrontal Engagement Despite Improvements in Laparoscopic Technical Skill

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Surg. 2016;151(7):682-684. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2016.0050

This study examines prefrontal responses of surgeons of varying experience levels during a suturing drill to evaluate laparoscopic surgery skills.

Comment & Response

Redesigning Care for Patients With Acute Myocardial Infarction Complicated by Cardiogenic Shock: The “Shock Team”

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2016;151(7):684-685. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.5514

Redesigning Care for Patients With Acute Myocardial Infarction Complicated by Cardiogenic Shock—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2016;151(7):685-686. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.5498

Redesigning Care for Patients With Acute Myocardial Infarction Complicated by Cardiogenic Shock: The “Shock Team”

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2016;151(7):685. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.5517

Behavioral Screening and Intervention for Improving Lower-Extremity Arthroplasty Outcomes and Controlling Costs

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2016;151(7):686. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.5528

Behavioral Screening and Intervention for Improving Lower-Extremity Arthroplasty Outcomes and Controlling Costs—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2016;151(7):686-687. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.5548

One-Third of Patients in a National Cohort Initiating Hemodialysis With a Catheter Despite 6 Months of Nephrology Care

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2016;151(7):687. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.5559
Correction

Incorrect Figure Key

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Surg. 2016;151(7):687. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2016.0483

Wording Clarification

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Surg. 2016;151(7):687. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2016.1347
Announcement

New Editorial Board Members, July 2016

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Surg. 2016;151(7):670. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2016.1475
JAMA Surgery Masthead

JAMA Surgery

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Surg. 2016;151(7):598. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.2929
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