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Issue

May 2018, Vol 153, No. 5, Pages 401-498

In This Issue of JAMA Surgery

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Surg. 2018;153(5):401. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2017.3669
Viewpoint

The Problem of Burnout Among Surgeons

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2018;153(5):403-404. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.0047

This Viewpoint reports on the problem of burnout among surgeons and its multifactorial origin.

Editorial

JAMA Surgery—The Year in Review, 2017

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. 2018;153(5):405-406. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2017.5633
Original Investigation

Evaluation of Validity Evidence for Personality, Emotional Intelligence, and Situational Judgment Tests to Identify Successful Residents

Abstract Full Text
free access has active quiz
JAMA Surg. 2018;153(5):409-416. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2017.5013

This study assesses whether personality, emotional intelligence, and situational judgment test screening results in residents can identify successful performance 1 year later in a large general surgery residency program.

Association of Surgical Practice Patterns and Clinical Outcomes With Surgeon Training in University- or Nonuniversity-Based Residency Program

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. 2018;153(5):418-425. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2017.5449

This cohort study analyzes the claims data of patients who underwent general surgery and the practice and training information of surgeons in the American Medical Association Physician Masterfile to determine the association of surgical residency training with patient outcomes.

Seven-Year Weight Trajectories and Health Outcomes in the Longitudinal Assessment of Bariatric Surgery (LABS) Study

Abstract Full Text
free access has active quiz
JAMA Surg. 2018;153(5):427-434. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2017.5025

This multicenter longitudinal study examines long-term weight change and health status following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding.

Pacific Coast Surgical Association

Evaluation of Early Allograft Function Using the Liver Graft Assessment Following Transplantation Risk Score Model

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. 2018;153(5):436-444. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2017.5040

This study examines the laboratory data of patients who underwent a primary liver transplant to identify the variables most associated with posttransplant graft failure and create an accurate risk-scoring model.

Association of Informal Clinical Integration of Physicians With Cardiac Surgery Payments

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Surg. 2018;153(5):446-453. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2017.5150

This study of Medicare beneficiaries examines how physician interaction patterns vary between health systems and assesses whether variation in informal clinical integration among physicians is associated with care delivery payments.

Association of Integrated Care Coordination With Postsurgical Outcomes in High-Risk Older Adults: The Perioperative Optimization of Senior Health (POSH) Initiative

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. 2018;153(5):454-462. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2017.5513

This quality improvement case-control study assesses clinical outcomes for older adults undergoing elective abdominal surgery via a collaborative intervention by surgery, geriatrics, and anesthesia focused on perioperative health optimization.

Effect of Standardized Handoff Curriculum on Improved Clinician Preparedness in the Intensive Care Unit: A Stepped-Wedge Cluster Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. 2018;153(5):464-470. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2017.5440

This cluster randomized clinical trials explores whether the UW-IPASS standardized handoff curriculum improves clinician preparedness in intensive care units.

Association of VA Surgeons

Patient Preferences for Surgery or Antibiotics for the Treatment of Acute Appendicitis

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. 2018;153(5):471-478. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2017.5310

This study uses an online survey and a sensitivity survey to determine which treatment option—surgical or nonsurgical therapy—individuals are likely to choose in the event of acute appendicitis and to identify targets to make antibiotic treatment more appealing.

Association Between Real-time Electronic Injury Surveillance Applications and Clinical Documentation and Data Acquisition in a South African Trauma Center

Abstract Full Text
open access online only
JAMA Surg. 2018;153(5):e180087. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.0087

This quality improvement study compares use of electronic vs paper documentation of care within the emergency department.

Association of Frailty With Failure to Rescue After Low-Risk and High-Risk Inpatient Surgery

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. 2018;153(5):e180214. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.0214

This cohort study assesses the association of frailty with failure to rescue in patients undergoing inpatient surgery.

Invited Commentary

Choosing Successful Residents

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2018;153(5):416-417. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2017.5022

Nonuniversity-Based Surgeons Coming Up Anything but Short in Solutions to the Future Surgeon Shortage

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2018;153(5):426. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2017.5471

The Reality of Long-term Follow-up of Bariatric/Metabolic Surgery Patients—A Conundrum

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2018;153(5):435. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2017.5010

Determinants of Failure in Hepatic Transplant

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2018;153(5):444-445. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2017.5042

The Value of Established Relationships Between Primary Care Clinicians and Specialists

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2018;153(5):453. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2017.5175

Personalized Surgical Care for Older Adults

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2018;153(5):463. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2017.5528

Standardized Handoffs in the Intensive Care Unit: Hope or Hype for Improving Critical Care?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2018;153(5):470. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2017.5468

From Preoperative Assessment to Preoperative Optimization of Frailty

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. 2018;153(5):e180213. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.0213
Review

Venous Thromboembolism Prevention in Emergency General Surgery: A Review

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. 2018;153(5):479-486. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.0015

This review applies the existing literature on venous thromboembolism prophylaxis to emergency general surgery patients and offers recommendations using the available evidence.

Surgical Innovation

Near-Infrared Sentinel Lymph Node Identification in Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2018;153(5):487-488. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2017.5928

This Surgical Innovation describes sentinal lymph node mapping with near-infrared imaging to target the first tumor-draining lymph node for sampling and for in-depth pathologic analysis in non–small cell lung cancer.

JAMA Surgery Clinical Challenge

A Large Abdominal Mass in a Young Man

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA Surg. 2018;153(5):489-490. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.0050

A man in his 30s presented with abdominal pain associated with unintentional weight loss in the preceding 6 months, large intraperitoneal and retroperitoneal masses, and elevated serum lactate dehydrogenase and β human chorionic gonadotrophin levels. What is your diagnosis?

Abdominal Trauma Related to a Bicycle Accident

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA Surg. 2018;153(5):491-492. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.0055

A man presents to the emergency department with abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting after a bicycle accident. What would you do?

Research Letter

Failures of Sacral Neuromodulation for Incontinence

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. 2018;153(5):493-494. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2017.6093

This study examines the reintervention rate associated with treatment failures and device malfunctions at 1, 3, and 5 years after sacral neuromodulation surgery.

Surgeon Practice Patterns of Arthroscopic Partial Meniscectomy for Degenerative Disease in the United States: A Measure of Low-Value Care

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Surg. 2018;153(5):494-496. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2017.6235

This study measures surgeon practice patterns of arthroscopic partial meniscectomy–only surgical procedures.

Comment & Response

Myocardial Infarction After Vascular Surgery: A Systematic Troponin Surveillance and a Uniform Definition Is Needed

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2018;153(5):496. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2017.6143

Myocardial Infarction After Vascular Surgery—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2018;153(5):497. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2017.6144

Cultural Sensitivity in Deployed US Medical Personnel

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2018;153(5):497-498. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2017.6200

Cultural Sensitivity in Deployed US Medical Personnel—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2018;153(5):498. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2017.6201
Correction

Error in Results Section

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. 2018;153(5):498. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.1209
Peer Reviewers List

JAMA Surgery Peer Reviewers in 2017

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. 2018;153(5):e175634. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2017.5634
JAMA Surgery Masthead

JAMA Surgery

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. 2018;153(5):402. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2017.3670
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