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July 2019 - July 1920

Decade

Year

Issue

September 2018, Vol 153, No. 9, Pages 785-868

In This Issue of JAMA Surgery

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Surg. 2018;153(9):785. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2017.3693
Viewpoint

Allocation of Donor Livers for Transplantation: A Contemporary Struggle

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2018;153(9):787-788. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.1519

This Viewpoint describes the challenges of and proposed solutions to donor liver allocation.

Original Investigation

Effectiveness of Instructional Interventions for Hemorrhage Control Readiness for Laypersons in the Public Access and Tourniquet Training Study (PATTS): A Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA Surg. 2018;153(9):791-799. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.1099

This randomized clinical trial evaluates the effectiveness of different instructional point-of-care interventions and in-person training for hemorrhage control and assesses skill retention 3 to 9 months after hemorrhage control training.

A 12-Year Analysis of Nonbattle Injury Among US Service Members Deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA Surg. 2018;153(9):800-807. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.1166

This cohort study describes nonbattle injury among US service members deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan, quantifies absolute numbers of nonbattle injuries and proportion of nonbattle injuries within the Department of Defense Trauma Registry, and documents the characteristics of this injury category.

Association Between Changes in Body Composition and Neoadjuvant Treatment for Pancreatic Cancer

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2018;153(9):809-815. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.0979

This cohort study evaluates the changes in the amount of muscular and adipose tissue before and after neoadjuvant therapy in patients with pancreatic cancer.

Performance of a Genomic Sequencing Classifier for the Preoperative Diagnosis of Cytologically Indeterminate Thyroid Nodules

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2018;153(9):817-824. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.1153

This cohort study assesses the performance of a genomic sequencing classifier for preoperative diagnosis of cytologically indeterminate thyroid nodules compared with blinded expert histopathology diagnoses.

Association of Perioperative Red Blood Cell Transfusions With Venous Thromboembolism in a North American Registry

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2018;153(9):826-833. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.1565

This cohort study uses ACS-NSQUIP registry data to examine the association between perioperative red blood cell transfusions and postoperative venous thromboembolism within 30 days of surgery among North American patients undergoing surgery.

Characteristics and Outcomes of Surgical Patients With Solid Cancers Admitted to the Intensive Care Unit

Abstract Full Text
open access
JAMA Surg. 2018;153(9):834-840. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.1571

This cohort study compares admission characteristics and survival outcomes in intensive care unit patients with and without cancer who undergo surgery.

Effect of Ciprofloxacin on Susceptibility to Aortic Dissection and Rupture in Mice

Abstract Full Text
online only has active quiz
JAMA Surg. 2018;153(9):e181804. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.1804

This mouse study examines the effect of ciprofloxacin on aortic aneurysm and dissection development in mice.

Association Between Preoperative Proteinuria and Postoperative Acute Kidney Injury and Readmission

Abstract Full Text
online only
JAMA Surg. 2018;153(9):e182009. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.2009

This population-based study examines the outcomes of acute kidney injury and readmission in patients with preoperative proteinuria.

Invited Commentary

Optimizing Bleeding Control Training for the Public: A National Imperative

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2018;153(9):799. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.1100

Actionable Information to Reduce the Burden of Nonbattle Injury in Deployed US Service Personnel

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2018;153(9):808. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.1165

Sarcopenia—A New Frontier in the Management Care of Patients With Borderline Resectable Pancreatic Cancer

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2018;153(9):816. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.1006

The Problem of the Indeterminate Thyroid Nodule: A Genomic Sequencing Classifier and Clinical Judgment

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2018;153(9):824-825. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.1164

Evidence Against the Use of Fluoroquinolones in Patients With Aortic Pathology

Abstract Full Text
online only
JAMA Surg. 2018;153(9):e181988. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.1988
Review

The Value of Clinical Colorectal Cancer Registries in Colorectal Cancer Research: A Systematic Review

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2018;153(9):841-849. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.1635

This systematic review assesses the value of maintaining clinical colorectal cancer registries by identifying and characterizing existing registries and measuring their comparative research impact.

Guide to Statistics and Methods

Practical Guide to Surgical Data Sets: National Cancer Database (NCDB)

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2018;153(9):850-851. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.0492

This Guide to Statistics and Methods summarizes the characteristics and uses of the National Cancer Database for use in surgical research.

Practical Guide to Surgical Data Sets: National Trauma Data Bank (NTDB)

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2018;153(9):852-853. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.0483

This Guide to Statistics and Methods summarizes the data compilation, structure, and methods of the National Trauma Data Bank for use in surgical research.

Surgical Innovation

High-Flow Nasal Cannula System: Not Just Another Nasal Cannula

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2018;153(9):854-855. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.1984

This surgical innovation describes the use and advantages of the high-flow nasal cannula system, a noninvasive respiratory treatment that can be applied inside and outside the critical care setting.

JAMA Surgery Clinical Challenge

Unusual Scrotal Swelling

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA Surg. 2018;153(9):856-857. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.0883

A 56-year-old white man presented with a painless but tender swelling of the right scrotum without associated fever, weight loss, or other symptoms. What is your diagnosis?

Research Letter

Undertreated Medical Conditions vs Trauma as Primary Indications for Amputation at a Referral Hospital in Cameroon

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2018;153(9):858-860. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.1059

This cohort study identifies the primary indications for amputation among patients at a Cameroon hospital.

Evaluation of Reasons Why Surgical Residents Exceeded 2011 Duty Hour Requirements When Offered Flexibility: A FIRST Trial Analysis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2018;153(9):860-862. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.1047

This secondary analysis of data from the FIRST trial examines the reasons surgical residents work beyond the 2011 duty hour restrictions for daily shifts established by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education.

Association of Long-term Anastomotic Ulceration After Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass With Tobacco Smoking

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2018;153(9):862-864. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.1616

This study assesses the cumulative incidence of anastomotic ulceration at 1, 2, 5, and 8 years postsurgery in patients who underwent Roux-en-Y gastric bypass.

Comment & Response

How We Measure Surgical Trainee Performance Matters

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2018;153(9):864-865. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.1642

How We Measure Surgical Trainee Performance Matters—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2018;153(9):865. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.1655

Age and Treatment of Nonmelanoma Skin Cancer

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2018;153(9):865-866. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.1675

Age and Treatment of Nonmelanoma Skin Cancer

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2018;153(9):866-867. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.1676

Age and Treatment of Nonmelanoma Skin Cancer

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2018;153(9):867. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.1696

Age and Treatment of Nonmelanoma Skin Cancer—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2018;153(9):867-868. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.1697
JAMA Surgery Masthead

JAMA Surgery

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Surg. 2018;153(9):786. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2017.3694
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