This Viewpoint describes decision-support tools for surgeons and patients and recommends a strategy for shared decision making between surgeons and patients.
This Viewpoint promotes psychological theories as a framework for faculty development that would improve resident autonomy.
This randomized clinical trial investigates whether the incidence of pulmonary aspiration is increased when cricoid pressure is not performed.
This cohort study evaluates whether the distribution of trauma centers in a statewide trauma system is associated with secondary overtriage and identifies clinical and demographic factors that may lead to secondary overtriage among trauma patients.
This study uses the California Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development database to compare the short- and long-term outcomes of biliary-enteric drainage and primary liver transplant in young children with biliary atresia.
This cohort study investigates the clinical processes and outcomes of the sutureless and sutured closure methods to correct gastroschisis in newborns.
This cohort study evaluates what intraoperative techniques and thresholds define positive lesions that warrant resection during gallium 68–dotatate radioguided surgery for abdominal neuroendocrine tumors.
This phase II feasibility study explores the long-term oncological outcomes and health-related quality of life of patients with cT1-3N0M0 rectal cancer who underwent neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy followed by transanal endoscopic microsurgery.
This matched cohort study investigates whether exposure to autologous fat transfer vs conventional breast reconstruction is associated with increased rates of cancer relapse in patients with breast cancer.
This cohort study examines whether aspirin as a single agent is inferior to other anticoagulation agents for reducing the risk of venous thromboembolism or major bleeding events after unilateral primary total knee arthroplasty.
This study describes opioid prescribing and consumption for a variety of surgical procedures and investigates factors associated with opioid consumption after surgery.
This survey study identifies patient self-reported preferences for risks, benefits, and other attributes of treatment options available to individuals who are candidates for bariatric surgery.
This narrative review explains the importance of the Fragility Index score, a measure of the robustness of randomized clinical trials, and describes the relative robustness of articles in surgery, general medicine, and cardiology.
This Surgical Innovation describes the essential elements of an affordable, rechargeable, built-for-purpose surgical headlight for use in resource-constrained settings.
A man in his 50s with a history of prostate cancer treated with robotic prostatectomy presented with progressively worsening postprandial nausea or vomiting, epigastric abdominal pain, anorexia, and weight loss. What is your diagnosis?
A 74-year-old man presented with a 3-month history of weight loss, anorexia, and back pain. Physical examination revealed poor dental hygiene and findings in the lower extremity suggestive of postthrombotic syndrome. What is your diagnosis?
This study quantifies the postmortem incidence of acute surgical- and trauma-associated pathologic conditions of inmates in Miami Dade County, Florida.
This study uses data from the American College of Surgeons National Quality Improvement Program databases to evaluate associations between hospital length of stay and postoperative complications with hospital readmission among patients who underwent open pancreaticoduodenectomy.
This cross-sectional analysis of 71 articles discussing the ACOSOG Z6051 and ALaCaRT trials of laparoscopic vs open resection for rectal cancer evaluates the frequency of misinterpretation of these inconclusive trials and determines whether interpretations were concordant with the findings of the primary studies.
This study assesses whether blood pressure variability is associated with adverse outcomes after coronary artery bypass grafting surgery.