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August 2019 - July 1920

Decade

Year

Issue

April 2019, Vol 154, No. 4, Pages 277-368

In This Issue of JAMA Surgery

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Surg. 2019;154(4):277. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.3803
Viewpoint

Can Anesthesia Influence Cancer Outcomes After Surgery?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2019;154(4):279-280. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.4619

This Viewpoint describes emerging evidence that 2 different classes of anesthetics have dissimilar effects on cancer metastasis.

The Importance of Increasing Surgeon Participation in Hospital Leadership

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2019;154(4):281-282. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.5080

This Viewpoint discusses the relative dearth of surgeons in chief exectuive officer positions in hospitals across the United States and suggests 3 strategies to increase the number of surgeons in leadership roles.

Editorial

Left Ventricular Function as a Predictor of Noncardiac Surgical Procedural Outcome

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Surg. 2019;154(4):283. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.0243
Original Investigation

Association Between Emergency Medical Service Response Time and Motor Vehicle Crash Mortality in the United States

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA Surg. 2019;154(4):286-293. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.5097

This population-based study compares data from US national databases to examine the association between emergency medical service response times and motor vehicle crash mortality.

Accuracy of a 3-Dimensionally Printed Navigational Template for Localizing Small Pulmonary Nodules: A Noninferiority Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2019;154(4):295-303. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.4872

This noninferiority randomized clinical trial conducted at a single center in China compares the safety and efficacy of a 3-dimensionally printed navigational template approach with that of the conventional computed tomography–guided method for localizing small peripheral lung nodules.

Trends in Firearm Injury and Motor Vehicle Crash Case Fatality by Age Group, 2003-2013

Abstract Full Text
has audio
JAMA Surg. 2019;154(4):305-310. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.4685

This repeated cross-sectional measures analysis of data from the National Trauma Data Bank National Sample Program compares trends in case-fatality percentages of motor vehicle crashes and firearm injuries in US levels I and II trauma centers across 10 years to assess whether firearm injuries are increasing in severity.

Use of Computerized Provider Order Entry Events for Postoperative Complication Surveillance

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2019;154(4):311-318. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.4874

This cohort study evaluates an alternative approach to monitoring surgical complications by reviewing medication, laboratory test, and radiologic test orders in the electronic health record for patients who just underwent a surgical procedure.

Reoperations After Bariatric Surgery in 26 Years of Follow-up of the Swedish Obese Subjects Study

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2019;154(4):319-326. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.5084

This analysis of the nonrandomized controlled Swedish Obese Subjects (SOS) study examines the incidence and type of revisional bariatric surgeries completed (banding, vertical banded gastroplasty, and gastric bypass) in 26 years of follow-up of study participants.

Association Between Postoperative Delirium and Long-term Cognitive Function After Major Nonemergent Surgery

Abstract Full Text
has audio
JAMA Surg. 2019;154(4):328-334. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.5093

This cohort study compares the association between preoperative cognitive status and postoperative delirium in adults undergoing major nonemergent surgery.

Association of VA Surgeons

Risk Prediction Tools to Improve Patient Selection for Carotid Endarterectomy Among Patients With Asymptomatic Carotid Stenosis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2019;154(4):336-344. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.5119

This cohort study uses Veterans Administration and Medicare data to develop a risk prediction tool to improve patient selection for carotid endarterectomy among patients with asymptomatic carotid stenosis.

Association Between Long-term Opioid Use in Family Members and Persistent Opioid Use After Surgery Among Adolescents and Young Adults

Abstract Full Text
online only has active quiz
JAMA Surg. 2019;154(4):e185838. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.5838

This study investigates the association between long-term opioid use among family members and persistent opioid use among opioid-naive adolescents and young adults undergoing surgical and dental procedures.

Clinical Outcomes After Unilateral Adrenalectomy for Primary Aldosteronism

Abstract Full Text
online only
JAMA Surg. 2019;154(4):e185842. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.5842

This cohort study examines the changes in blood pressure and use of antihypertensive medications in patients who have undergone surgery for primary aldosteronism.

Invited Commentary

Rapid Emergency Medical Services Response Saves Lives of Persons Injured in Motor Vehicle Crashes

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2019;154(4):293-294. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.5104

Management of Small Lung Nodules in the Era of Lung Cancer Screening

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2019;154(4):303-304. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.4873

Revisional Bariatric Surgery and Choosing the First Procedure: Twenty-Six Years of Follow-up in the SOS Study

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2019;154(4):326-327. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.5107

Challenges With Postoperative Cognitive Impairment Research

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2019;154(4):334-335. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.5110

Appropriateness of Carotid Endarterectomy in Asymptomatic Carotid Disease—Predicting 5-Year Survival

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2019;154(4):345. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.5126

Caution in the Postoperative Treatment of Pain With Opioids—Surgeon Awareness Needed

Abstract Full Text
online only
JAMA Surg. 2019;154(4):e185839. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.5839

Association of Outcome Definitions With Success Following Adrenalectomy for Primary Aldosteronism

Abstract Full Text
online only
JAMA Surg. 2019;154(4):e185843. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.5843
Review

Does This Patient Have a Severe Snake Envenomation?The Rational Clinical Examination Systematic Review

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA Surg. 2019;154(4):346-354. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.5069

This Rational Clinical Examination systematic review and meta-analysis attempts to identify patient attributes and clinical findings associated with a risk of severe envenomation in patients who have experienced a pit viper snakebite.

Research Letter

Use of Preoperative Mammography During Evaluation for Nononcologic Breast Reduction Surgery

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2019;154(4):356-358. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.4875

This population-based study assesses the use of preoperative mammography and subsequent rates of diagnostic tests and breast disease among women undergoing evaluation for macromastia.

Association of Transvaginal Mesh Complications With the Risk of New-Onset Depression or Self-harm in Women With a Midurethral Sling

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2019;154(4):358-360. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.4644

This study evaluates 12 years’ worth of clinical data on transvaginal mesh complications and depression or self-harm in women who received a midurethral mesh sling.

US Emergency Department Encounters for Firearm Injuries According to Presentation at Trauma vs Nontrauma Centers

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2019;154(4):360-362. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.4640

This study uses the 2009-2014 Nationwide Emergency Department Sample to describe the volume and disposition of individuals with firearm injuries presenting to US emergency departments to determine opportunities to deliver interventions to prevent recurrent injury.

Comment & Response

Failure to Cite Related Studies and Report Complete Information on Patients and Tissue Samples

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2019;154(4):362-363. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.5755

Just-in-Time Instructions for Layperson Tourniquet Application

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2019;154(4):363-364. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.5251

Just-in-Time Instructions for Layperson Tourniquet Application—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2019;154(4):364. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.5252

Leveraging the Right Technology in Health Care—Having a Cow

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2019;154(4):364-365. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.4691

Leveraging the Right Technology in Health Care—Having a Cow—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2019;154(4):365-366. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.4700

Postoperative Delirium—Amplifying the Confusion

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2019;154(4):366. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.5244

Postoperative Delirium—Amplifying the Confusion—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2019;154(4):366. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.5245

Gastroschisis and Autism—Dual Canaries in the Californian Coalmine

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2019;154(4):366-367. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.4694

Gastroschisis and Autism—Dual Canaries in the Californian Coalmine—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2019;154(4):367-368. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.4697
Correction

Correction to Add Description of and Citation to Related Articles and Complete Description of Study Methods

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Surg. 2019;154(4):368. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.5861

Transposed Data in a Table

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Surg. 2019;154(4):368. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.0020

Error in Conflict of Interest Disclosures

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. 2019;154(4):368. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.0026

Errors in Results and Figure

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. 2019;154(4):368. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.0104

Errors in Author Affiliation and Funding/Support

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. 2019;154(4):368. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.0360

Error in Figure

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. 2019;154(4):368. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.0719
JAMA Surgery Masthead

JAMA Surgery

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. 2019;154(4):278. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.3804
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