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August 2021 - July 1920

Decade

Year

Issue

December 2020, Vol 155, No. 12, Pages 1091-1176

Viewpoint

USMLE Step 1 Scoring System Change to Pass/Fail—An Opportunity for Change

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(12):1093-1094. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.2836

This Viewpoint presents an opinion generally in support of the change in the USMLE Step 1 scoring system to pass/fail, with some reservations also expressed.

USMLE Step 1 Scoring System Change to Pass/Fail—Perspective of a Program Director

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(12):1094-1096. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.2847

This article describes how the changes in USMLE Step 1 scoring to pass/fail may affect international medical graduates.

USLME Step 1 Scoring System Change to Pass/Fail—Perspective of a Clerkship Director

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(12):1096-1098. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.2839

This Viewpoint offers a clerkship director’s perspective on the United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) Step 1 change from score-based results to pass/fail.

USMLE Step 1 Scoring System Change to Pass/Fail—Implications for International Medical Graduates

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(12):1098-1099. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.2850

This Viewpoint offers international medical graduates’ perspective on the United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) Step 1 change from score-based results to pass/fail.

Original Investigation

Effect of Prophylactic Embolization on Patients With Blunt Trauma at High Risk of Splenectomy: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
free access has active quiz has audio
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(12):1102-1111. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.3672

This randomized clinical trial assesses whether the 1-month spleen salvage rate among patients with splenic trauma at high risk of rupture is higher after prophylactic splenic arterial embolization or surveillance and then embolization only if necessary.

Long-term Clinical and Cost-effectiveness of Early Endovenous Ablation in Venous Ulceration: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
open access has active quiz
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(12):1113-1121. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.3845

This randomized clinical trial uses data from the Early Venous Reflux Ablation trial to evaluate the long-term clinical and cost benefits of combined early endovenous ablation and compression compared with compression therapy alone and deferred ablation for treating superficial venous reflux of the leg.

Association of Race, Health Insurance Status, and Household Income With Location and Outcomes of Ambulatory Surgery Among Adult Patients in 2 US States

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(12):1123-1131. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.3318

This cohort study uses data from the State Ambulatory Surgery and Services Databases to examine the association of race, health insurance status, and household income with the location in which ambulatory surgery is performed among patients in New York and Florida between 2011 and 2013.

Association of the Implant Surface Texture Used in Reconstruction With Breast Cancer Recurrence

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(12):1132-1140. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.4124

This cohort study examines the oncologic outcomes associated with the use of 2 different types of implants in breast reconstruction among survivors of breast cancer.

Long-term Oncologic Outcomes of Immediate Breast Reconstruction vs Conventional Mastectomy Alone for Breast Cancer in the Setting of Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(12):1142-1150. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.4132

This case-control study examines oncologic outcomes in patients with breast cancer who receive immediate breast reconstruction with nipple- or skin-sparing mastectomy vs outcomes in those who receive complete mastectomy alone.

Development and Validation of a Comprehensive Model to Estimate Early Allograft Failure Among Patients Requiring Early Liver Retransplant

Abstract Full Text
open access online only
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(12):e204095. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.4095

This multicenter cohort study develops and validates a simplified comprehensive model that estimates on day 10 after liver transplant the risk of early allograft failure with 90 days among patients who undergo liver transplant.

Accuracy of Post–Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy Image-Guided Breast Biopsy to Predict Residual Cancer

Abstract Full Text
online only
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(12):e204103. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.4103

This diagnostic study assesses the accuracy of post–neoadjuvant chemotherapy image-guided biopsy to predict residual cancer in the breast.

Invited Commentary

How Should the SPLASH Trial Inform the Care of Patients With Blunt Splenic Trauma?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(12):1111-1112. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.3687

Importance of Early Saphenous Ablation to Maximize Ulcer-Free Days for Patients With Venous Ulcers

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(12):1121-1122. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.3846

Access and Care Disparities in Ambulatory Surgery Centers

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(12):1131. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.3367

Is It Time to Abandon Textured Breast Implants for Breast Cancer Reconstruction?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(12):1140-1141. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.4141

Oncologic Outcomes After Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy and Postmastectomy Breast Reconstruction

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(12):1150-1151. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.4138

Predicting Early Hepatic Graft Failure—The Quest Continues

Abstract Full Text
online only
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(12):e204593. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.4593
Review

Evaluation and Treatment of Patients With Hypercortisolism: A Review

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(12):1152-1159. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.3280

This narrative review assesses the evaluation and treatment of patients with hypercortisolism.

Surgical Innovation

Developing a Surgical Quality Improvement Program for Resource-Limited Settings

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(12):1160-1161. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.4347

This article describes the design of a quality improvement system for use in low- and middle-income countries.

JAMA Network Insights

Management of Gallstone Disease During Pregnancy

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(12):1162-1163. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.3683

This article summarizes management of gallstone disease in pregnant patients.

JAMA Network Clinical Guideline Synopsis

Synopsis of the UK National Institute for Health and Care Excellence Guidelines on the Diagnosis and Management of Pancreatic Cancer

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(12):1164-1165. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.3751

This article summarizes “Diagnosis and Management of Pancreatic Cancer in Adults: A Summary of Guidelines From the UK National Institute for Health and Care Excellence,” which is aimed at improving outcomes in pancreatic cancer.

Research Letter

Assessing the 5×-Multiplier Calculation to Reduce Discharge Opioid Prescription Volumes After Inpatient Surgery

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(12):1166-1167. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.3527

This case-control study examines the rates of refills under 2 separate strategies for opioid prescribing after operations in a hepatopancreatobiliary surgery department.

Evaluation of Financial Conflicts of Interests Among Congress of Neurological Surgeon Guideline Authors

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(12):1168-1169. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.3515

This study examines payments from medical device and pharmaceutical companies compiled in the Open Payments Database to physician-authors of the Congress of Neurological Surgery’s clinical practice guidelines.

Preoperative Opioid Use and Mortality After Minor Outpatient Surgery

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(12):1169-1171. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.3623

This study evaluates the risk of preoperative opioid exposure on all-cause mortality after outpatient surgery.

Comment & Response

Questions Regarding Association Between Preoperative Metformin Exposure and Postoperative Outcomes in Adults With Type 2 Diabetes

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(12):1171. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.3769

Questions Regarding Association Between Preoperative Metformin Exposure and Postoperative Outcomes in Adults With Type 2 Diabetes

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(12):1171-1172. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.3772

Change the Trainee, or Change the Training Environment?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(12):1172-1173. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.3775

Change the Trainee, or Change the Training Environment?—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(12):1173. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.3790

Unraveling the Obesity Paradox Through Bariatric Surgery

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(12):1173-1174. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.3778

Unraveling the Obesity Paradox Through Bariatric Surgery

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(12):1174. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.3784

Unravelling the Obesity Paradox Through Bariatric Surgery—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(12):1174-1175. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.3793

Assessment of Surgical Skill and Performance Variability

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(12):1175. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.3781

Assessment of Surgical Skill and Performance Variability—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(12):1175-1176. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.3787
JAMA Surgery Masthead

JAMA Surgery

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(12):1091. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.3916
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