[Skip to Content]
[Skip to Content Landing]

February 2020 - July 1920

Decade

Year

Issue

February 2020, Vol 155, No. 2, Pages 97-179

In This Issue of JAMA Surgery

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(2):97. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.3855
Viewpoint

Current Practices in Hernia Screening—Evidence Based or Profit Driven?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(2):99-100. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.4424

This Viewpoint argues against hernia screening events.

Editorial

Updated US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendations for Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm—Are We Really Up To Date?

Abstract Full Text
has audio
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(2):101-103. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.5234

This Editorial discusses the US Preventive Services Task Force recommendation statement on abdominal aortic aneurysm.

Original Investigation

Association of Autofluorescence-Based Detection of the Parathyroid Glands During Total Thyroidectomy With Postoperative Hypocalcemia Risk: Results of the PARAFLUO Multicenter Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(2):106-112. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.4613

This randomized clinical trial assesses if imaging systems using near-infrared autofluorescence light to identify parathyroid glands during surgery could improve parathyroid preservation and reduce postoperative hypocalcemia.

A Consensus Framework for the Humanitarian Surgical Response to Armed Conflict in 21st Century Warfare

Abstract Full Text
open access
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(2):114-121. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.4547

This study provides consensus guidelines on humanitarian surgical response formulated by representatives from international government and nongovernmental organizations for military and civilian populations in combat sites.

Using Smartphones to Capture Novel Recovery Metrics After Cancer Surgery

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(2):123-129. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.4702

This cohort study assesses whether physical activity captured from smartphone accelerometer data can describe postoperative recovery among patients with vs without postoperative complications after cancer operations.

Association of VA Surgeons

Association of High Mortality With Postoperative Myocardial Infarction After Major Vascular Surgery Despite Use of Evidence-Based Therapies

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(2):131-137. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.4908

This cohort study examines the association of patient and procedural characteristics with the risk of postoperative myocardial infarction.

Association of VA Surgeons

Palliative Care and End-of-Life Outcomes Following High-risk Surgery

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(2):138-146. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.5083

This cross-sectional study uses secondary analysis of administrative data to characterize perioperative palliative care and its association with family-reported end-of-life experiences of patients who died within 90 days of a high-risk surgical operation.

Association of VA Surgeons

Association of Treatment Inequity and Ancestry With Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma Survival

Abstract Full Text
online only
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(2):e195047. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.5047

This cohort study uses the National Cancer Database to examine the level of survival disparity between black and white patients in a modern cohort with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma and whether treatment inequity is associated with such a disparity.

Association of Prehospital Plasma Transfusion With Survival in Trauma Patients With Hemorrhagic Shock When Transport Times Are Longer Than 20 Minutes: A Post Hoc Analysis of the PAMPer and COMBAT Clinical Trials

Abstract Full Text
online only has active quiz has audio
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(2):e195085. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.5085

This post hoc analysis uses data from the Control of Major Bleeding After Trauma and the Prehospital Air Medical Plasma clinical trials to examine whether prehospital plasma transfusion is associated with mortality when prehospital transport times are prolonged in patients with hemorrhagic shock.

Invited Commentary

New Technique to Reduce the Risk for Hypocalcemia in Thyroid Surgery

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(2):112-113. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.4641

A Humanitarian House Divided—Unifying Conflict Zone Humanitarian Surgical Care

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(2):122. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.4557

Tracking Postoperative Recovery—Making a Case for Smartphone Technology

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(2):130. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.4703

Reimagining Surgical Success—Caring for Those Who Die Despite Our Best Efforts

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(2):146-147. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.5084

Linking Disparities to Outcomes in Pancreatic Cancer: Inching Toward Answers

Abstract Full Text
online only
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(2):e195082. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.5082

Getting Our Money’s Worth From Clinical Care Studies of Prehospital Trauma Care

Abstract Full Text
online only
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(2):e195086. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.5086
Review

Artificial Intelligence and Surgical Decision-making

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(2):148-158. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.4917

This review describes the weaknesses of traditional clinical decision-support systems and proposes that artificial intelligence should be used to augment surgical decision-making.

Surgical Innovation

Developing an Onboarding Framework for Surgeons in Expanding Health Systems

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(2):159-160. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.4420

This article explains the reasons for and attributes of a new surgical onboarding framework for health systems in the United States.

JAMA Network Clinical Guideline Synopsis

Review of the Global Vascular Guidelines on the Management of Chronic Limb-Threatening Ischemia

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(2):161-162. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.4928

This Clinical Guideline Synopsis provides a review of the Global Vascular Guidelines on the Management of Chronic Limb-Threatening Ischemia.

Research Letter

Association Between Resident Physician Training Experience and Program-Level Performance on Board Examinations

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(2):163-165. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.4464

This study examines the associations of program characteristics with pass rates on the qualifying examination and certifying examination of the American Board of Surgery.

Factors Associated With Mortality After Emergency Colectomy for Acute Lower Gastrointestinal Bleeding

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(2):165-167. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.4467

This cohort study uses data from the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database to examine factors associated with mortality risk among patients undergoing emergency colectomy for acute lower gastrointestinal bleeding.

Association of Increasing Use of Spinal Anesthesia in Hip Fracture Repair With Treating an Aging Patient Population

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(2):167-168. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.4471

This study assesses the use of spinal anesthesia as the primary anesthetic strategy for operative repair of hip fracture using the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database.

Association of Observed Perioperative Cell-Free DNA Dynamics With Early Recurrence in Patients With Colon Cancer

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(2):168-170. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.4706

This study examines the association of cell-free DNA with tumor recurrence in patients with colon cancer.

Comment & Response

International Consensus and External Validity in Global Surgery Research and Task Shifting

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(2):171. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.4087

International Consensus and External Validity in Global Surgery Research and Task Shifting—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(2):171-172. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.4088

The Realities of External Validity in Global Surgery Research

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(2):172. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.4089

The Realities of External Validity in Global Surgery Research—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(2):172-173. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.4090

Loop Ileostomy a Viable Alternative for Clostridium difficile Colitis?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(2):173-174. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.4697

Loop Ileostomy a Viable Alternative for Clostridium difficile Colitis?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(2):174. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.4698

Loop Ileostomy a Viable Alternative for Clostridium Difficile Colitis?—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(2):174-175. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.4699

Bleeding Control Training for the Lay Public: Keep It Simple

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(2):175-176. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.4700

Bleeding Control Training for the Lay Public: Keep it Simple—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(2):176. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.4701

Varying Estimations of Surgical Work Value Units

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(2):176-177. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.4632

Varying Estimations of Surgical Work Value Units

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(2):177. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.4635

Varying Estimations of Surgical Work Value Units

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(2):178. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.4644

The GRIT (Gather, Restate, Inquire, Talk It Out) Framework for Addressing Microaggressions

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(2):178-179. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.4427
JAMA Surgery Masthead

JAMA Surgery

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(2):98. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.3856
×