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August 2020 - July 1920

Decade

Year

Issue

August 2020, Vol 155, No. 8, Pages 677-790

Viewpoint

Exacerbating Racial Disparities in Kidney Transplant: The Consequences of Geographic Redistribution

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(8):679-681. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.1455

This Viewpoint highlights potential disparities in access from geographic redistribution of kidneys for transplant in the US.

To Face Coronavirus Disease 2019, Surgeons Must Embrace Palliative Care

Abstract Full Text
free access has active quiz
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(8):681-682. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.1698

This Viewpoint describes the relevance of a palliative care approach to surgery during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic.

Rapid Development of Resident-Led Procedural Response Teams to Support Patient Care During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 Epidemic: A Surgical Workforce Activation Team

Abstract Full Text
free access has active quiz
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(8):683-684. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.1782

This Viewpoint describes the innovative approach taken by one surgical team in a hospital in an epicenter of the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic.

Reflections of a Millennial Surgeon: The Changing Face of Medical Education

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(8):685-686. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.0751

This Viewpoint discusses changes in medical education and the unique challenges they present to millenial-generation medical trainees.

Fixing Organ Donation: What Gets Measured, Gets Fixed

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(8):687-688. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.0748

This Viewpoint discusses why a metric to hold organ procurement organizations accountable to performance standards that is based on ventilated deaths and electronic health records data is problematic.

Original Investigation

Factors Associated With Surgical Mortality and Complications Among Patients With and Without Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Italy

Abstract Full Text
free access has active quiz has multimedia
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(8):691-702. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.2713

This cohort study compares early surgical outcomes of patients in Italy with and without COVID-19 in different subspecialties.

Efficacy and Safety of Ursodeoxycholic Acid for the Prevention of Gallstone Formation After Gastrectomy in Patients With Gastric Cancer: The PEGASUS-D Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
open access has active quiz
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(8):703-711. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.1501

This randomized clinical trial evaluates the efficacy and safety of ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) in preventing gallstone formation after gastrectomy in patients with gastric cancer.

Assessment of Risk Factors for Suicide Among US Health Care Professionals

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(8):713-721. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.1338

This cohort study uses data from the National Violent Death Reporting System to identify individuals who died by suicide in the United States between 2003 and 2016 and to assess suicide risk factors among health care professionals compared with the general population.

Withdrawal of Life-supporting Treatment in Severe Traumatic Brain Injury

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(8):723-731. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.1790

This cohort study examines the demographic and clinical factors associated with the decision to withdraw life-supporting treatment in patients with severe traumatic brain injury.

Evaluation of Intraoperative Near-Infrared Fluorescence Visualization of the Lung Tumor Margin With Indocyanine Green Inhalation

Abstract Full Text
has multimedia
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(8):732-740. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.1314

This in vivo and ex vivo diagnostic study examines the use of inhaled indocyanine green for intraoperative detection of the margin of lung tumors.

Associations Between Career Satisfaction, Personal Life Factors, and Work-Life Integration Practices Among US Surgeons by Gender

Abstract Full Text
has audio
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(8):742-750. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.1332

This survey study evaluates the association between surgical career satisfaction and personal life factors and explores similarities between men and women surgeons.

Association of Medicaid Expansion Under the Affordable Care Act With Breast Cancer Stage at Diagnosis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(8):752-758. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.1495

This cohort study uses data from the National Cancer Database from 2007 to 2016 to investigate the association between breast cancer stage at diagnosis and patient insurance status, age, and race/ethnicity before and after the expansion of Medicaid.

Effect of Gastric Bypass vs Best Medical Treatment on Early-Stage Chronic Kidney Disease in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes and Obesity: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
online only
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(8):e200420. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.0420

This randomized clinical trial compares the albuminuria-lowering effects of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery vs best medical treatment in patients with early-stage chronic kidney disease, type 2 diabetes, and obesity.

Two-Stage Turnbull-Cutait Pull-Through Coloanal Anastomosis for Low Rectal Cancer: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
online only
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(8):e201625. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.1625

This randomized clinical trial compares 30-day postoperative and 1-year follow-up results of Turnbull-Cutait pull-through hand-sewn coloanal anastomosis and standard hand-sewn coloanal anastomosis after ultralow rectal resection for rectal cancer.

Invited Commentary

Prevention of Gallstone Formation After Gastrectomy

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(8):712. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.1527

Physician Suicide—Reflections on Relevance and Resilience

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(8):721-722. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.1345

Dying of Traumatic Brain Injury—Palliative Care too Soon, or too Late?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(8):731. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.1810

Inhalational Indocyanine Green to Visualize Lung Tumors—Defining the Margin of Error

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(8):741. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.1348

Career Satisfaction and Burnout in Surgery—The Complex Interplay of Self-care, Work Life, and Home Life

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(8):750-751. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.1351

Gastric Bypass vs Medical Treatment in Renoprotection for Patients with Class 1 Obesity, Type 2 Diabetes, and Albuminuria

Abstract Full Text
online only
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(8):e200421. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.0421

Turnbull-Cutait Pull-Through—An Old Procedure With a New Indication?

Abstract Full Text
online only
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(8):e201756. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.1756
Review

Deimplementation of the Choosing Wisely Recommendations for Low-Value Breast Cancer Surgery: A Systematic Review

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(8):759-770. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.0322

This systematic review evaluated the extent to which low-value surgical procedures for breast cancer have been deimplemented and identified possible barriers and facilitators to deimplementation.

Surgical Innovation

Whole-Blood Resuscitation of Injured Patients: Innovating from the Past

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(8):771-772. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.0811

This article reviews the use of cold-stored low-titer anti-A and anti-B group O whole-blood transfusion for treatment of hemorrhagic shock and coagulopathy after injury.

JAMA Network Clinical Guideline Synopsis

Review of American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons Clinical Practice Guidelines for the Management of Hemorrhoids

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(8):773-774. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.0788

This JAMA Clinical Guidelines Synopsis summarizes the American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons Clinical Practice Guidelines for the Management of Hemorrhoids guideline for patients with symptomatic hemorrhoids.

Research Letter

Incidence of COVID-19 in Pediatric Surgical Patients Among 3 US Children’s Hospitals

Abstract Full Text
free access has active quiz
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(8):775-777. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.2588

This cohort study assesses the incidence of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in pediatric patients presenting for surgery at 3 tertiary care children’s hospitals across the US.

Association of Electronic Surgical Consent Forms With Entry Error Rates

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(8):777-778. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.1014

This study compares use of electronic surgical consent forms with paper-based forms and their association with decreased error rates.

Trends in Sex and Racial/Ethnic Diversity in Applicants to Surgery Residency and Fellowship Programs

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(8):778-781. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.1018

This study uses the Electronic Residency Application Service database and Association of American Medical Colleges records to investigate trends in sex and racial/ethnic diversity of the applicant pool to US surgical residency and fellowship programs.

Multilingual Analysis of the Quality and Readability of Online Health Information on the Adverse Effects of Breast Cancer Treatments

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(8):781-784. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.1668

This quality improvement study assesses the quality and readability of online health information that patients may encounter when seeking information on adverse effects of breast cancer treatment.

Comment & Response

Prehospital Plasma Transfusion and Survival in Trauma Patients With Hemorrhagic Shock

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(8):784. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.1131

Extent of Breast Surgery After Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy for Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(8):784-785. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.1001

Extent of Breast Surgery After Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy for Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(8):785-786. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.1021

Regionalization of Pancreatectomy for Pancreatic Cancer

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(8):786. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.0842

Regionalization of Pancreatectomy for Pancreatic Cancer

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(8):786-787. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.0850

Regionalization of Pancreatectomy for Pancreatic Cancer—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(8):787-788. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.0859

Decompressing Stoma vs Stent in Left-Sided Obstructive Colon Cancer

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(8):788. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.1662

Decompressing Stoma vs Stent in Left-Sided Obstructive Colon Cancer

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(8):788-789. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.1665

Decompressing Stoma vs Stent in Left-Sided Obstructive Colon Cancer

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(8):789. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.1674

Decompressing Stoma vs Stent in Left-Sided Obstructive Colon Cancer

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(8):789-790. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.1683
Correction

Error in Acknowledgments

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(8):790. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.2226
JAMA Surgery Masthead

JAMA Surgery

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(8):677. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.3892
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