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November 24, 2021
Viewpoint

Data-Driven Individualized Surgical Decision-making: Beyond “Better on Average” Clinical Trial Results

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online November 24, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2021.5614

This Viewpoint describes the use of randomized clinical trial data to construct prediction models that allow for the assessment of counterfactual scenarios, providing complete information on the value of specific treatment options.

Original Investigation

Practical Computer Vision Application to Compute Total Body Surface Area Burn: Reappraising a Fundamental Burn Injury Formula in the Modern Era

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online November 24, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2021.5848

This cohort study develops a practical percent total body surface area burn estimation tool that accounts for exact burn injury pattern, sex, and body habitus.

Research Letter

Association of Mammographic Density With Risk of Ipsilateral Breast Tumor Recurrence and Contralateral Breast Cancer

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online November 24, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2021.5859

This cohort study examines whether mammographic density is associated with an increased risk of contralateral breast cancer or ipsilateral breast tumor recurrence among women.

Comment & Response

Publication Productivity and Bibliometric Profiling—A Potentially Gender-Biased Approach

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online November 24, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2021.5860

Publication Productivity and Bibliometric Profiling—A Potentially Gender-Biased Approach—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online November 24, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2021.5861
November 17, 2021
Original Investigation

Categorization of Differing Types of Total Pancreatectomy

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online November 17, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2021.5834

This cohort study examines differing types of total pancreatectomy and presents 4 proposed categories based on extent, complexity, and technical aspects of the procedure.

Inhaled Pulmonary Vasodilator Therapy in Adult Lung Transplant: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
has audio
JAMA Surg. Published online November 17, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2021.5856

This randomized clinical trial assesses whether administration of inhaled epoprostenol results in similar rates of severe primary graft dysfunction and other outcomes compared with inhaled nitric oxide in patients undergoing lung transplant.

Invited Commentary

A Novel Tool for Categorizing Pancreatic Surgery

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online November 17, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2021.5858

Role of Pulmonary Vasodilators in Ameliorating Primary Graft Dysfunction Following Lung Transplant

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online November 17, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2021.5857
Research Letter

A 15-Year Analysis of Surgical Resident Operative Autonomy Across All Surgical Specialties in Veterans Affairs Hospitals

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online November 17, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2021.5840

This cross-sectional study uses data from Veterans Affairs Surgical Quality Improvement Project to examine changes in the autonomy of resident physicians in the operating room over the past 15 years.

Comment & Response

Associations Between Ridesharing and Motor Vehicle Crashes

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online November 17, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2021.5845
November 10, 2021
Original Investigation

Sex Differences in the Pattern of Patient Referrals to Male and Female Surgeons

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online November 10, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2021.5784

This cross-sectional study of physician referrals to surgeons examines whether the number and types of referrals are influenced by the sex of the referring physician.

Invited Commentary

Surgeon’s Sex Affects the Number and Types of Referrals Received—We Know the System Is Broken…Now Let’s Fix It

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online November 10, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2021.5765
Surgical Innovation

Experiential Training for Situation Awareness in the Operating Room

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online November 10, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2021.4886

This article describes the use of training in situation awareness to practice adaptive behaviors and strategies that will support the development and maintenance of situation awareness across the perioperative setting.

Research Letter

Patient Preferences for Communication of Life Expectancy in Prostate Cancer Treatment Consultations

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online November 10, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2021.5803

This qualitative study examines patient preferences among men with prostate cancer for communications from clinicians about life expectancy.

November 3, 2021
Viewpoint

Regional Variation in Surgical Procedure Rates: Going Beyond Description

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online November 3, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2021.4892

This Viewpoint presents 5 plans for analyses that can be used to advance investigations into the causes of regional variation in procedure rates.

Original Investigation

Association of KRAS Variant Subtypes With Survival and Recurrence in Patients With Surgically Treated Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma

Abstract Full Text
open access
JAMA Surg. Published online November 3, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2021.5679

This cohort study explores the prognostic association of KRAS variant subtypes with survival and recurrence in patients with intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma.

Assessing Criteria for a Safe Early Discharge After Laparoscopic Colorectal Surgery

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online November 3, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2021.5551

This cohort study observes 287 patients after colorectal surgery to determine if a set of 5 criteria could help differentiate those who are unlikely to develop an anastomotic leak and can therefore be discharged on postoperative day 2 or 3.

Research Letter

Sustainability of a Surgical Quality Improvement Program at Hospitals in Ethiopia

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online November 3, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2021.5569

This quality improvement study evaluates the sustainability of Clean Cut, a surgical infection prevention program implemented at hospitals in Ethiopia.

Comment & Response

Questions About a Risk Prediction Model of Mortality After Esophagectomy for Cancer

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online November 3, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2021.5698

Questions About a Risk Prediction Model of Mortality After Esophagectomy for Cancer

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online November 3, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2021.5701
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