This Viewpoint describes the use of randomized clinical trial data to construct prediction models that allow for the assessment of counterfactual scenarios, providing complete information on the value of specific treatment options.
This cohort study develops a practical percent total body surface area burn estimation tool that accounts for exact burn injury pattern, sex, and body habitus.
This cohort study examines whether mammographic density is associated with an increased risk of contralateral breast cancer or ipsilateral breast tumor recurrence among women.
This cohort study examines differing types of total pancreatectomy and presents 4 proposed categories based on extent, complexity, and technical aspects of the procedure.
This randomized clinical trial assesses whether administration of inhaled epoprostenol results in similar rates of severe primary graft dysfunction and other outcomes compared with inhaled nitric oxide in patients undergoing lung transplant.
This cross-sectional study uses data from Veterans Affairs Surgical Quality Improvement Project to examine changes in the autonomy of resident physicians in the operating room over the past 15 years.
This cross-sectional study of physician referrals to surgeons examines whether the number and types of referrals are influenced by the sex of the referring physician.
This article describes the use of training in situation awareness to practice adaptive behaviors and strategies that will support the development and maintenance of situation awareness across the perioperative setting.
This qualitative study examines patient preferences among men with prostate cancer for communications from clinicians about life expectancy.
This Viewpoint presents 5 plans for analyses that can be used to advance investigations into the causes of regional variation in procedure rates.
This cohort study explores the prognostic association of KRAS variant subtypes with survival and recurrence in patients with intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma.
This cohort study observes 287 patients after colorectal surgery to determine if a set of 5 criteria could help differentiate those who are unlikely to develop an anastomotic leak and can therefore be discharged on postoperative day 2 or 3.
This quality improvement study evaluates the sustainability of Clean Cut, a surgical infection prevention program implemented at hospitals in Ethiopia.