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Year

Day

October 18, 2017
Original Investigation

Association of VA Surgeons

Management of Stage I Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Anal Canal

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online October 18, 2017. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2017.3151

This cohort study examines the use of local excision among patients with T1 squamous cell carcinoma of the anal canal and compares the overall survival relative to those who received standard treatment with chemoradiotherapy.

Association of VA Surgeons

Association of the Addition of Oral Antibiotics to Mechanical Bowel Preparation for Left Colon and Rectal Cancer Resections With Reduction of Surgical Site Infections

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online October 18, 2017. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2017.3827

This cohort study examines the association of combined oral antibiotic and mechanical bowel preparation with surgical site infections in left colon and rectal cancer resections and its effect on timely administration of adjuvant therapy.

Invited Commentary

Oral Antibiotics for Colon SurgeryThe Questions Remain the Same, as Do the Answers

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online October 18, 2017. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2017.3843
Review

Breast Implant–Associated Anaplastic Large Cell LymphomaA Systematic Review

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Surg. Published online October 18, 2017. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2017.4026

This systematic review assesses how breast implant–associated anaplastic large cell lymphoma develops; describes its risk factors, diagnosis, and subsequent treatment; and aims to disseminate information about this entity to the medical field at large.

JAMA Surgery Clinical Challenge

Progressive Acute Abdominal Pain

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online October 18, 2017. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2017.3838

A woman in her 50s with a history of systemic lupus erythematosus, congestive heart failure, and diabetes presents to the emergency department with worsening abdominal pain and a 4-day history of progressively worsening abdominal pain and diarrhea. What is your diagnosis?

Research Letter

Machine Learning Models for Prediction of Reinjury After Penetrating Trauma

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online October 18, 2017. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2017.3116

This study compares several machine learning models for prediction of reinjury after penetrating trauma.

October 11, 2017
Original Investigation

Association of VA Surgeons

Comparison of Internal Medicine and General Surgery Residents' Assessments of Risk of Postsurgical Complications in Surgically Complex Patients

Abstract Full Text
has audio
JAMA Surg. Published online October 11, 2017. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2017.3936

This study compares assessment of risk of postsurgical complications in surgically complex patients between internal medicine and general surgery trainees.

Association of Quality Improvement Registry Participation With Appropriate Follow-up After Vascular Procedures

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online October 11, 2017. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2017.3942

This quasi-experimental study uses Medicare claims to examine whether hospital participation in the Vascular Quality Initiative registry increases rates of surveillance imaging after vascular procedures.

Pacific Coast Surgical Association

Association of Patient Frailty With Increased Morbidity After Common Ambulatory General Surgery Operations

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online October 11, 2017. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2017.4007

This cohort study uses the 2007-2010 American College of Surgeons NSQIP Participant Use File to examine the association between frailty and perioperative morbidity in patients undergoing ambulatory surgery.

Invited Commentary

Risk, Complexity, Decision Making, and Patient Care

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online October 11, 2017. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2017.3930

Low Rates of Surveillance Imaging After Vascular Surgery ProceduresShould We Ask the Patient?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online October 11, 2017. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2017.3933
Surgical Innovation

Patient Perceptions About Their Physician in 2 WordsThe Good, the Bad, and the Ugly

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online October 11, 2017. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2017.3851

This article describes a simple means of presenting physicians with direct qualitative and visual patient assessments to supplement current survey tools.

Comment & Response

Are Surgical Residents Prepared to Care for Transgender Patients?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online October 11, 2017. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2017.4024

Are Surgical Residents Prepared to Care for Transgender Patients?—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online October 11, 2017. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2017.4025
October 9, 2017
Editorial

Death by Gun Violence—A Public Health Crisis

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Surg. Published online October 9, 2017. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2017.4797
October 4, 2017
Original Investigation

Geographic Diffusion and Implementation of Acute Care SurgeryAn Uneven Solution to the National Emergency General Surgery Crisis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online October 4, 2017. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2017.3799

This study investigates geographic diffusion of acute care surgery models and characterizes the communities in which acute care surgery implementation is lagging.

Association of Health Literacy With Postoperative Outcomes in Patients Undergoing Major Abdominal Surgery

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online October 4, 2017. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2017.3832

This study investigates surgical outcomes that are associated with a patient’s health literacy level among a population undergoing major abdominal surgery.

Factors Associated With 30-Day Readmission After Primary Total Hip ArthroplastyAnalysis of 514 455 Procedures in the UK National Health Service

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online October 4, 2017. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2017.3949

This study determines whether patient-related factors associated with all-cause, surgical, and return-to-theater readmission after total hip arthroplasty differ and which factors are most significant.

Invited Commentary

Becoming Literate in Health Literacy

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online October 4, 2017. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2017.3835
JAMA Surgery Clinical Challenge

Man With Mesenteric Ulceration

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online October 4, 2017. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2017.3846

A 48-year-old man with a 1-week history of right lower quadrant tenderness and fullness with previous open hemorrhoidectomy presents to the emergency department. What would you do next?

Research Letter

Association of Colonoscopy With Risk of Appendicitis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online October 4, 2017. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2017.3790

This study examines the incidence of a patient developing appendicitis within 1 week after undergoing a colonoscopy vs during the following 51 weeks.

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