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Year

Day

October 31, 2018
Editorial

New International Editorial Board Members—October 1, 2018

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online October 31, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.4191
Original Investigation

Prognostic Role of Lymph Node Positivity and Number of Lymph Nodes Needed for Accurately Staging Small Bowel Neuroendocrine Tumors

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online October 31, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.3865

This case series evaluates demographic, perioperative, and pathologic data from the US Neuroendocrine Tumor Study Group database to identify the role of positive lymph nodes in small-bowel neuroendocrine tumors.

Review

Recurrence Rates After Repair of Inguinal Hernia in WomenA Systematic Review

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online October 31, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.3102

This systematic review investigates rates and types of recurrences in women who had undergone repair of primary inguinal hernia.

JAMA Surgery Clinical Challenge

Abdominal Pain in Pregnancy

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online October 31, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.3860

A healthy 29-year- old pregnant woman, with 34 weeks’ gestational age, presented to the ER emergency room with diffused acute abdominal pain and vomiting. The pain was located in the periumbilical region and intensified within a few hours. What is your diagnosis?

Research Letter

Association of VA Surgeons

Value of Routine Gastrografin Upper Gastrointestinal Study After Sleeve Gastrectomy

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online October 31, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.3197

This study examines the effectiveness and cost of gastrografin upper gastrointestinal imaging test performed on patients after a laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy.

Comment & Response

Avoidable Blood Transfusions

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online October 31, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.3866

Avoidable Blood Transfusions—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online October 31, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.3867
October 24, 2018
Viewpoint

Translating Research Findings Into Practice—The Unfulfilled and Unclear Mission of Observational Data

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online October 24, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.3118

This Viewpoint discusses differences between randomized clinical trials and observational studies and suggests 4 possible considerations for improvement of acceptance and clinical use of observational study results.

Original Investigation

Evaluation of Wound Photography for Remote Postoperative Assessment of Surgical Site Infections

Abstract Full Text
has audio
JAMA Surg. Published online October 24, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.3861

This simulation study uses case vignettes to determine how wound photography affects surgeons’ abilities to diagnose surgical site infections in a pragmatic setting.

Prevalence of False-Negative Results of Intraoperative Consultation on Surgical Margins During Resection of Gastric and Gastroesophageal Adenocarcinoma

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online October 24, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.3863

This study assesses the prevalence of false-negative results and the accuracy of intraoperative consultations on surgical margins in patients undergoing curative intent resection for gastric or gastroesophageal adenocarcinoma.

Invited Commentary

Smartphone Photographs—Proceed, but With Caution

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online October 24, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.3862

Frozen Sections in Gastric CancerHow Negative Is the False-Negative?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online October 24, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.3864
Research Letter

Association of VA Surgeons

Patient-Reported Outcomes and Factors Associated With Patient Satisfaction After Surgical Treatment of Facial Nonmelanoma Skin Cancer

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online October 24, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.3534

This study measures patient-reported outcomes and identifies factors associated with patient satisfaction after excision of facial nonmelanoma skin cancer in the veteran population.

October 17, 2018
Original Investigation

Effect of Cricoid Pressure Compared With a Sham Procedure in the Rapid Sequence Induction of AnesthesiaThe IRIS Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online October 17, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.3577

This randomized clinical trial investigates whether the incidence of pulmonary aspiration is increased when cricoid pressure is not performed.

Association of Aspirin With Prevention of Venous Thromboembolism in Patients After Total Knee Arthroplasty Compared With Other AnticoagulantsA Noninferiority Analysis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online October 17, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.3858

This cohort study examines whether aspirin as a single agent is inferior to other anticoagulation agents for reducing the risk of venous thromboembolism or major bleeding events after unilateral primary total knee arthroplasty.

Invited Commentary

Is 30 Newtons of Prevention Worth a Pound of a Cure?—Cricoid Pressure

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online October 17, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.3590

Should Aspirin Be Routinely Used for Venous Thromboembolism Prophylaxis After Total Knee Arthroplasty?Even the Authors of This Commentary Cannot Agree

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online October 17, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.3859
Surgical Innovation

Simulation-Based Clinical Rehearsals as a Method for Improving Patient Safety

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online October 17, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.3526

This surgical innovation article describes the use of simulation-based clinical rehearsals to help surgical teams carry out complex or high-risk surgical procedures with fewer complications.

October 16, 2018
Editorial

Standardized Uniform Reporting and Indications for Bariatric and Metabolic SurgeryHow Can We Reach This Goal?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online October 16, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.4452
October 10, 2018
Original Investigation

Long-term Follow-up of Autologous Fat Transfer vs Conventional Breast Reconstruction and Association With Cancer Relapse in Patients With Breast Cancer

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online October 10, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.3744

This matched cohort study investigates whether exposure to autologous fat transfer vs conventional breast reconstruction is associated with increased rates of cancer relapse in patients with breast cancer.

Long-term Oncological and Functional Outcomes of Chemoradiotherapy Followed by Organ-Sparing Transanal Endoscopic Microsurgery for Distal Rectal CancerThe CARTS Study

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online October 10, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.3752

This phase II feasibility study explores the long-term oncological outcomes and health-related quality of life of patients with cT1-3N0M0 rectal cancer who underwent neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy followed by transanal endoscopic microsurgery.

Invited Commentary

The Third Postmastectomy Reconstruction Option—Autologous Fat Transfer

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online October 10, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.3757

Chemoradiotherapy and Local Excision for Organ Preservation in Early Rectal Cancer—The End of the Beginning?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online October 10, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.3760
Research Letter

Level of Reconciliation Payments by Safety-Net Hospital Status Under the First Year of the Comprehensive Care for Joint Replacement Program

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online October 10, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.3098

This study uses data from the Comprehensive Care for Joint Replacement program to assess the level of Medicare reconciliation payments and examine these levels by hospital size and teaching hospital status to understand hospital performance.

Comment & Response

On the Gender Identity of Breast Patients

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online October 10, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.3227
October 3, 2018
Viewpoint

Framework for Faculty Development in Resident Autonomy and Entrustment in the Operating Room

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online October 3, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.3529

This Viewpoint promotes psychological theories as a framework for faculty development that would improve resident autonomy.

Original Investigation

Postoperative Outcomes of Screen-Detected vs Non–Screen-Detected Colorectal Cancer in the Netherlands

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online October 3, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.3567

This population-based cohort study compares surgical outcomes of Dutch patients diagnosed as having colorectal cancer through the fecal immunochemical test–based screening program (screen-detected) and patients with non–screen-detected colorectal cancer.

International Validation of the Eighth Edition of the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) TNM Staging System in Patients With Resected Pancreatic Cancer

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online October 3, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.3617

This cohort study of patients in 4 European countries and the United States with resected pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma assesses the validity of the eighth edition of the American Joint Committee on Cancer TNM staging system compared with the seventh edition.

Invited Commentary

The New American Joint Committee on Cancer TNM Staging System for Pancreatic Cancer—Balancing Usefulness With Prognostication

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online October 3, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.3629
Research Letter

Systolic and Diastolic Blood Pressure Variability as Risk Factors for Adverse Events After Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online October 3, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.3233

This study assesses whether blood pressure variability is associated with adverse outcomes after coronary artery bypass grafting surgery.

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