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Year

Day

December 26, 2018
Original Investigation

Accuracy of a 3-Dimensionally Printed Navigational Template for Localizing Small Pulmonary Nodules: A Noninferiority Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online December 26, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.4872

This noninferiority randomized clinical trial conducted at a single center in China compares the safety and efficacy of a 3-dimensionally printed navigational template approach with that of the conventional computed tomography–guided method for localizing small peripheral lung nodules.

Use of Computerized Provider Order Entry Events for Postoperative Complication Surveillance

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online December 26, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.4874

This cohort study evaluates an alternative approach to monitoring surgical complications by reviewing medication, laboratory test, and radiologic test orders in the electronic health record for patients who just underwent a surgical procedure.

Association of VA Surgeons

Association Between Antithrombotic Medication Use After Bioprosthetic Aortic Valve Replacement and Outcomes in the Veterans Health Administration System

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online December 26, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.4679

This cohort study describes antithrombotic medication practices following bioprosthetic aortic valve replacement (bAVR) across the Veterans Health Administration and assesses the association between antithrombotic strategies and post-bAVR outcomes.

Invited Commentary

Management of Small Lung Nodules in the Era of Lung Cancer Screening

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online December 26, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.4873
Research Letter

Use of Preoperative Mammography During Evaluation for Nononcologic Breast Reduction Surgery

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online December 26, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.4875

This population-based study assesses the use of preoperative mammography and subsequent rates of diagnostic tests and breast disease among women undergoing evaluation for macromastia.

Comment & Response

Fluoroquinolone Use and Concern About the Cerebral Vasculature

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online December 26, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.4297
December 19, 2018
Original Investigation

Trends in Firearm Injury and Motor Vehicle Crash Case Fatality by Age Group, 2003-2013

Abstract Full Text
has audio
JAMA Surg. Published online December 19, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.4685

This repeated cross-sectional measures analysis of data from the National Trauma Data Bank National Sample Program compares trends in case-fatality percentages of motor vehicle crashes and firearm injuries in US levels I and II trauma centers across 10 years to assess whether firearm injuries are increasing in severity.

Association Between 6-Week Postdischarge Risk Classification and 12-Month Outcomes After Orthopedic Trauma

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online December 19, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.4824

This cohort study of patients with severe orthopedic injuries examines whether risk and protective factors measured at 6 weeks after injury could classify individuals into risk clusters and evaluates whether these clusters explain variations in 12-month outcomes.

Surgical Innovation

Addressing Gaps in Modern Surgical Training—The Professional Development Course for Residents

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online December 19, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.4869

This Surgical Innovation reviews a 3-part curriculum that promotes the development of nonclinical professional and personal skills in surgical residents to examine its financial and temporal costs and its potential benefit to the residents.

Research Letter

Association of Laparoscopic Gastric Bypass Surgery With Telomere Length in Patients With Obesity

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online December 19, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.4830

This study examines whether telomeres lengthen in obese patients before and after laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery.

December 12, 2018
Viewpoint

Community-Based Approach to Trauma and Violence: Guns, Germs, and Bystanders

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online December 12, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.4616

This Viewpoint discusses a trauma response education program implemented in Chicago and its implications on a national level.

Original Investigation

Association of Screening and Treatment for Preoperative Asymptomatic Bacteriuria With Postoperative Outcomes Among US Veterans

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online December 12, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.4759

This study evaluates the association between the presence of asymptomatic bacteriuria before a surgical procedure and the risk of developing infections after the procedure among adults who undergo nonurologic operations.

Invited Commentary

Observational Evidence Calls for Deimplementation of Routine Preoperative Urine Screening

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online December 12, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.4765
Research Letter

Assessment of Public Attitudes Toward Weight Loss Surgery in the United States

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online December 12, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.4650

This national cross-sectional survey of the US general population assesses the association of negative attitudes toward weight loss surgery and its subsequent use in obese patients.

Comment & Response

Guidelines Do Not Proscribe Surgeons Performing Genetic Testing

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online December 12, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.4882

Guidelines Do Not Proscribe Surgeons Performing Genetic Testing—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online December 12, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.4885
Correction

Rewording in Discussion for Clarification

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Surg. Published online December 12, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.4925
December 5, 2018
Original Investigation

Association of Prevalence of Benign Pathologic Findings After Partial Nephrectomy With Preoperative Imaging Patterns in the United States From 2007 to 2014

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online December 5, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.4602

This cohort study examines the prevalence of benign pathologic findings among adults after partial nephrectomy and potential risk factors associated with this prevelence.

Association of VA Surgeons

Trends and Outcomes of Cardiovascular Surgery in Patients With Opioid Use Disorders

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online December 5, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.4608

This cohort study characterizes the national population of cardiac surgery patients with opioid use disorder and compares outcomes with cardiac surgery patients without opioid use disorder.

Review

Association of Surgical Risk With Exogenous Hormone Use in Transgender Patients: A Systematic Review

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online December 5, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.4598

This systematic review assesses studies of exogenous hormone use in patients of all gender identities to determine the safety of stopping or continuing these regimens in transgender patients in the perioperative period.

Research Letter

Advance Care Planning in Older Adults With Multiple Chronic Conditions Undergoing High-Risk Surgery

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online December 5, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.4647

This study conveys data on the prevalence of advanced care planning documentation in elderly individuals undergoing high-risk surgery.

Comment & Response

When One Data Set Is Insufficient—Things to Consider When Linking Secondary Data

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online December 5, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.4750

When One Data Set Is Insufficient—Things to Consider When Linking Secondary Data—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online December 5, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.4751

Addressing Clinical Significance

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online December 5, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.4748

Addressing Clinical Significance—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online December 5, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.4749
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