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Year

Day

May 30, 2018
Original Investigation

A 12-Year Analysis of Nonbattle Injury Among US Service Members Deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 30, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.1166

This cohort study describes nonbattle injury among US service members deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan, quantifies absolute numbers of nonbattle injuries and proportion of nonbattle injuries within the Department of Defense Trauma Registry, and documents the characteristics of this injury category.

Comparison of Efficacy and Safety of 4 Combinations of Laparoscopic and Intraoperative Techniques for Management of Gallstone Disease With Biliary Duct CalculiA Systematic Review and Network Meta-analysis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 30, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.1167

This systematic review and meta-analysis compares 4 surgical strategies that combine laparoscopic cholecystectomy and a second technique to assess which strategy is most successful in patients with gallstone disease with common bile duct stones.

Invited Commentary

Actionable Information to Reduce the Burden of Nonbattle Injury in Deployed US Service Personnel

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 30, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.1165
Surgical Innovation

Regenerative Peripheral Nerve Interface for Management of Postamputation Neuroma

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 30, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.0864

This report describes a procedure that uses residual nerve and muscle graft to manage and prevent neuromas in patients with amputations.

Research Letter

Estimating Surgical Risk for Patients With Severe Comorbidities

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 30, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.1055

This study assesses whether estimates from the new American College of Surgeons Surgical Risk Calculator more closely match residents’ estimations of risk and determines outcomes of similar patients in the National Surgical Quality Improvement Project.

May 23, 2018
Original Investigation

Association of Opioid-Related Adverse Drug Events With Clinical and Cost Outcomes Among Surgical Patients in a Large Integrated Health Care Delivery System

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 23, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.1039

This study of clinical and administrative data examines the incidence of opioid-related adverse drug events (ORADEs) in patients undergoing hospital-based surgical and endoscopic procedures and evaluates the association of ORADEs with clinical and cost outcomes.

Performance of a Genomic Sequencing Classifier for the Preoperative Diagnosis of Cytologically Indeterminate Thyroid Nodules

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 23, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.1153

This cohort study assesses the performance of a genomic sequencing classifier for preoperative diagnosis of cytologically indeterminate thyroid nodules compared with blinded expert histopathology diagnoses.

Invited Commentary

The Problem of the Indeterminate Thyroid NoduleA Genomic Sequencing Classifier and Clinical Judgment

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 23, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.1164
JAMA Surgery Clinical Challenge

Unusual Scrotal Swelling

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 23, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.0883

A 56-year-old white man presented with a painless but tender swelling of the right scrotum without associated fever, weight loss, or other symptoms. What is your diagnosis?

Comment & Response

Considerations When Calculating Data Completeness

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 23, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.1159
Correction

Error in Presentation of Author’s Name

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Surg. Published online May 23, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.1624
May 16, 2018
Original Investigation

Association of BRAF Mutations With Survival and Recurrence in Surgically Treated Patients With Metastatic Colorectal Liver Cancer

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 16, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.0996

This study analyzes the association of BRAF and KRAS mutational status with overall and disease-free survival among patients undergoing hepatectomy for colorectal liver metastases.

Review

Accuracy of Pediatric Trauma Field TriageA Systematic Review

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 16, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.1050

This systematic review examines 5 studies with a total of 1222 pediatric patients to assess the accuracy of prehospital trauma triage and diagnostics tests for identifying children in need of specialized trauma care.

Research Letter

Association of Comorbidities With Adverse Outcomes After Enterostomy Closure in Premature Neonates

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 16, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.0880

This study uses the 2012-2015 American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program–Pediatric database to examine the safety of enterostomy closure in premature neonates weighing less than 2 kg and identify risk factors for adverse outcomes.

May 9, 2018
Original Investigation

Association Between Changes in Body Composition and Neoadjuvant Treatment for Pancreatic Cancer

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 9, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.0979

This cohort study evaluates the changes in the amount of muscular and adipose tissue before and after neoadjuvant therapy in patients with pancreatic cancer.

Effectiveness of Instructional Interventions for Hemorrhage Control Readiness for Laypersons in the Public Access and Tourniquet Training Study (PATTS)A Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 9, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.1099

This randomized clinical trial evaluates the effectiveness of different instructional point-of-care interventions and in-person training for hemorrhage control and assesses skill retention 3 to 9 months after hemorrhage control training.

Invited Commentary

Sarcopenia—A New Frontier in the Management Care of Patients With Borderline Resectable Pancreatic Cancer

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 9, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.1006

Optimizing Bleeding Control Training for the PublicA National Imperative

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 9, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.1100
JAMA Surgery Clinical Challenge

Computed Tomography in a Patient With Blunt Trauma

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 9, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.0307

A man in his 60s with a renal cyst sustained blunt trauma that resulted in renal laceration with arterial extravasation. The patient underwent angioembolization but required 2 U of red blood cells within the next 24 hours. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography was performed to assess for continued bleeding. What is your diagnosis?

Comment & Response

Additional Risk Factors for Breast Implant–Associated Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 9, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.1116

Additional Risk Factors for Breast Implant–Associated Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 9, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.1119

Additional Risk Factors for Breast Implant–Associated Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 9, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.1122
May 8, 2018
Editorial

USPTF Prostate Cancer Screening Recommendations—A Step in the Right Direction

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 8, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.1283
May 2, 2018
Viewpoint

Addressing Continued Disparities in Access to Breast Reconstruction on the 20th Anniversary of the Women’s Health and Cancer Rights Act

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 2, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.0387

This Viewpoint discusses ways to increase access to breast reconstruction after mastectomy among underserved populations in the United States.

Future Directions for Breast Reconstruction on the 20th Anniversary of the Women’s Health and Cancer Rights Act

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 2, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.0397

This Viewpoint describes 20 years of effort to enhance access to breast reconstruction surgery and lasting concerns about safety, efficacy, and overuse.

Original Investigation

Multiple-Institution Comparison of Resident and Faculty Perceptions of Burnout and Depression During Surgical Training

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 2, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.0974

This cross-sectional survey measures prevalence of burnout and depression among general surgery trainees at multiple institutions and characterizes how resident and attending surgeons perceive these conditions among respondents.

Association of Hospital Participation in a Regional Trauma Quality Improvement Collaborative With Patient Outcomes

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 2, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.0985

This cohort study evaluates the association of hospital participation in the American College of Surgeons Trauma Quality Improvement Program (benchmark reporting) or the Michigan Trauma Quality Improvement Program (benchmark reporting and collaborative quality improvement) with outcomes compared with control hospitals that did not participate in either program.

Invited Commentary

Burnout and Depression Among General Surgery ResidentsImage Is Everything—It Alters Perception

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 2, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.1003
Research Letter

Factors Associated With Emergency Department Visits and Hospital Admissions After Invasive Outpatient Procedures in the Veterans Health Administration

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 2, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.0874

This study evaluates the prevalence of postprocedure emergency department visits and admissions and the association of these outcomes with relevant patient, procedure, and facility factors.

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