This cohort study describes nonbattle injury among US service members deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan, quantifies absolute numbers of nonbattle injuries and proportion of nonbattle injuries within the Department of Defense Trauma Registry, and documents the characteristics of this injury category.
This systematic review and meta-analysis compares 4 surgical strategies that combine laparoscopic cholecystectomy and a second technique to assess which strategy is most successful in patients with gallstone disease with common bile duct stones.
This report describes a procedure that uses residual nerve and muscle graft to manage and prevent neuromas in patients with amputations.
This study assesses whether estimates from the new American College of Surgeons Surgical Risk Calculator more closely match residents’ estimations of risk and determines outcomes of similar patients in the National Surgical Quality Improvement Project.
This study of clinical and administrative data examines the incidence of opioid-related adverse drug events (ORADEs) in patients undergoing hospital-based surgical and endoscopic procedures and evaluates the association of ORADEs with clinical and cost outcomes.
This cohort study assesses the performance of a genomic sequencing classifier for preoperative diagnosis of cytologically indeterminate thyroid nodules compared with blinded expert histopathology diagnoses.
A 56-year-old white man presented with a painless but tender swelling of the right scrotum without associated fever, weight loss, or other symptoms. What is your diagnosis?
This study analyzes the association of BRAF and KRAS mutational status with overall and disease-free survival among patients undergoing hepatectomy for colorectal liver metastases.
This systematic review examines 5 studies with a total of 1222 pediatric patients to assess the accuracy of prehospital trauma triage and diagnostics tests for identifying children in need of specialized trauma care.
This study uses the 2012-2015 American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program–Pediatric database to examine the safety of enterostomy closure in premature neonates weighing less than 2 kg and identify risk factors for adverse outcomes.
This cohort study evaluates the changes in the amount of muscular and adipose tissue before and after neoadjuvant therapy in patients with pancreatic cancer.
This randomized clinical trial evaluates the effectiveness of different instructional point-of-care interventions and in-person training for hemorrhage control and assesses skill retention 3 to 9 months after hemorrhage control training.
A man in his 60s with a renal cyst sustained blunt trauma that resulted in renal laceration with arterial extravasation. The patient underwent angioembolization but required 2 U of red blood cells within the next 24 hours. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography was performed to assess for continued bleeding. What is your diagnosis?
This Viewpoint discusses ways to increase access to breast reconstruction after mastectomy among underserved populations in the United States.
This Viewpoint describes 20 years of effort to enhance access to breast reconstruction surgery and lasting concerns about safety, efficacy, and overuse.
This cross-sectional survey measures prevalence of burnout and depression among general surgery trainees at multiple institutions and characterizes how resident and attending surgeons perceive these conditions among respondents.
This cohort study evaluates the association of hospital participation in the American College of Surgeons Trauma Quality Improvement Program (benchmark reporting) or the Michigan Trauma Quality Improvement Program (benchmark reporting and collaborative quality improvement) with outcomes compared with control hospitals that did not participate in either program.
This study evaluates the prevalence of postprocedure emergency department visits and admissions and the association of these outcomes with relevant patient, procedure, and facility factors.