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Year

Day

September 26, 2018
Original Investigation

Radioguided Surgery With Gallium 68 Dotatate for Patients With Neuroendocrine Tumors

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online September 26, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.3475

This cohort study evaluates what intraoperative techniques and thresholds define positive lesions that warrant resection during gallium 68–dotatate radioguided surgery for abdominal neuroendocrine tumors.

Invited Commentary

Radioguided Surgery With Gallium for Neuroendocrine Tumors

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online September 26, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.3480
JAMA Surgery Clinical Challenge

A Not-So-Simple Groin Mass

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online September 26, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.3352

A 55-year-old man with a history of Childs B cirrhosis presents with a 2.5-year history of right groin pain and increased urinary frequency with difficulty voiding. What is your diagnosis?

Research Letter

Frequency of Misinterpretation of Inconclusive Noninferiority TrialsThe Case of the Laparoscopic vs Open Resection for Rectal Cancer Trials

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online September 26, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.3222

This cross-sectional analysis of 71 articles discussing the ACOSOG Z6051 and ALaCaRT trials of laparoscopic vs open resection for rectal cancer evaluates the frequency of misinterpretation of these inconclusive trials and determines whether interpretations were concordant with the findings of the primary studies.

September 19, 2018
Viewpoint

Risk Calculators and Decision Aids Are Not Enough for Shared Decision Making

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online September 19, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.2446

This Viewpoint describes decision-support tools for surgeons and patients and recommends a strategy for shared decision making between surgeons and patients.

Original Investigation

Association of System-Level Factors With Secondary Overtriage in Trauma Patients

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online September 19, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.3209

This cohort study evaluates whether the distribution of trauma centers in a statewide trauma system is associated with secondary overtriage and identifies clinical and demographic factors that may lead to secondary overtriage among trauma patients.

Pacific Coast Surgical Association

Evaluation of Clinical Outcomes of Sutureless vs Sutured Closure Techniques in Gastroschisis Repair

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online September 19, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.3216

This cohort study investigates the clinical processes and outcomes of the sutureless and sutured closure methods to correct gastroschisis in newborns.

Invited Commentary

Every Trauma System Is Perfectly Designed to Get the Results It Gets

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online September 19, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.3230
JAMA Network Insights

Gastroesophageal Reflux After Sleeve Gastrectomy

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online September 19, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.2437

This essay discusses the benefits and risks of gastric bypass vs sleeve gastrectomy for inducing weight loss among individuals with morbid obesity with or without gastroesophageal reflux disease.

Research Letter

Pacific Coast Surgical Association

Association of Hospital Length of Stay and Complications With Readmission After Open Pancreaticoduodenectomy

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online September 19, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.3213

This study uses data from the American College of Surgeons National Quality Improvement Program databases to evaluate associations between hospital length of stay and postoperative complications with hospital readmission among patients who underwent open pancreaticoduodenectomy.

September 12, 2018
Original Investigation

Development and Validation of a Prediction Model for Mortality and Adverse Outcomes Among Patients With Peripheral Eosinopenia on Admission for Clostridium difficile Infection

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online September 12, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.3174

This cohort study uses clinical indices readily available at the time of hospital admission, including peripheral eosinophil counts, to develop and validate a predictive model for inpatient mortality and other adverse outcomes among patients with Clostridium difficile infection.

Pacific Coast Surgical Association

Biliary-Enteric Drainage vs Primary Liver Transplant as Initial Treatment for Children With Biliary Atresia

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online September 12, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.3180

This study uses the California Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development database to compare the short- and long-term outcomes of biliary-enteric drainage and primary liver transplant in young children with biliary atresia.

Invited Commentary

Eosinopenia and Adverse Outcomes After Clostridium Difficile InfectionsOf Mice and Men

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online September 12, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.3200
JAMA Surgery Clinical Challenge

Patient With Unexplained Weight Loss, Anorexia, and Back Pain

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online September 12, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.3191

A 74-year-old man presented with a 3-month history of weight loss, anorexia, and back pain. Physical examination revealed poor dental hygiene and findings in the lower extremity suggestive of postthrombotic syndrome. What is your diagnosis?

Research Letter

Postmortem Incidence of Acute Surgical- and Trauma-Associated Pathologic Conditions in Prison Inmates in Miami Dade County, Florida

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online September 12, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.2443

This study quantifies the postmortem incidence of acute surgical- and trauma-associated pathologic conditions of inmates in Miami Dade County, Florida.

Comment & Response

BRAF V600E Mutation as a Negative Prognostic Determinant in Resected Colorectal Liver Metastases

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online September 12, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.3334

BRAF V600E Mutation as a Negative Prognostic Determinant in Resected Colorectal Liver Metastases—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online September 12, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.3339
September 5, 2018
Editorial

Three Common Methodological Issues in Studies of Surgical Readmission RatesThe Trouble With Readmissions

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online September 5, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.2488
Original Investigation

Effect of Exercise and Nutrition Prehabilitation on Functional Capacity in Esophagogastric Cancer SurgeryA Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online September 5, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.1645

This randomized clinical trial investigates the effect of an exercise and nutrition conditioning program (prehabilitation) vs usual care on functional capacity in patients undergoing esophagogastric cancer resection.

Association of Low Nodal Positivity Rate Among Patients With ERBB2-Positive or Triple-Negative Breast Cancer and Breast Pathologic Complete Response to Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online September 5, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.2696

This study of the National Cancer Database evaluated the association of nodal positivity rates with a pathologic complete response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy among patients with cT1/cT2 cN0 triple-negative breast cancer or ERBB2-positive disease.

Invited Commentary

Moving Toward Every Patient Training for Surgery

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online September 5, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.1658
Research Letter

Preference for People-First Language Among Patients Seeking Bariatric Surgery

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online September 5, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.2702

This survey study evaluates responses to people-first language and terms for describing a body mass index of 40 or more among patients seeking bariatric surgery and explores patients’ receptivity to discussing weight stigma in weight management.

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