This cohort study evaluates what intraoperative techniques and thresholds define positive lesions that warrant resection during gallium 68–dotatate radioguided surgery for abdominal neuroendocrine tumors.
A 55-year-old man with a history of Childs B cirrhosis presents with a 2.5-year history of right groin pain and increased urinary frequency with difficulty voiding. What is your diagnosis?
This cross-sectional analysis of 71 articles discussing the ACOSOG Z6051 and ALaCaRT trials of laparoscopic vs open resection for rectal cancer evaluates the frequency of misinterpretation of these inconclusive trials and determines whether interpretations were concordant with the findings of the primary studies.
This Viewpoint describes decision-support tools for surgeons and patients and recommends a strategy for shared decision making between surgeons and patients.
This cohort study evaluates whether the distribution of trauma centers in a statewide trauma system is associated with secondary overtriage and identifies clinical and demographic factors that may lead to secondary overtriage among trauma patients.
This cohort study investigates the clinical processes and outcomes of the sutureless and sutured closure methods to correct gastroschisis in newborns.
This essay discusses the benefits and risks of gastric bypass vs sleeve gastrectomy for inducing weight loss among individuals with morbid obesity with or without gastroesophageal reflux disease.
This study uses data from the American College of Surgeons National Quality Improvement Program databases to evaluate associations between hospital length of stay and postoperative complications with hospital readmission among patients who underwent open pancreaticoduodenectomy.
This cohort study uses clinical indices readily available at the time of hospital admission, including peripheral eosinophil counts, to develop and validate a predictive model for inpatient mortality and other adverse outcomes among patients with Clostridium difficile infection.
This study uses the California Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development database to compare the short- and long-term outcomes of biliary-enteric drainage and primary liver transplant in young children with biliary atresia.
A 74-year-old man presented with a 3-month history of weight loss, anorexia, and back pain. Physical examination revealed poor dental hygiene and findings in the lower extremity suggestive of postthrombotic syndrome. What is your diagnosis?
This study quantifies the postmortem incidence of acute surgical- and trauma-associated pathologic conditions of inmates in Miami Dade County, Florida.
This randomized clinical trial investigates the effect of an exercise and nutrition conditioning program (prehabilitation) vs usual care on functional capacity in patients undergoing esophagogastric cancer resection.
This study of the National Cancer Database evaluated the association of nodal positivity rates with a pathologic complete response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy among patients with cT1/cT2 cN0 triple-negative breast cancer or ERBB2-positive disease.
This survey study evaluates responses to people-first language and terms for describing a body mass index of 40 or more among patients seeking bariatric surgery and explores patients’ receptivity to discussing weight stigma in weight management.
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