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Year

Day

May 29, 2019
Viewpoint

Protecting Surgeons and Patients During Wars and Armed Conflicts: Importance of Predeployment Training on the Geneva Conventions and International Humanitarian Law

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 29, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.0041

This Viewpoint discusses the importance of surgeons’ having predeployment training on the rules and ethics that govern the decisions for care of injured people in volatile settings, such as wars and armed conflicts.

Original Investigation

Comparison of Cinematic Rendering and Computed Tomography for Speed and Comprehension of Surgical Anatomy

Abstract Full Text
open access has multimedia
JAMA Surg. Published online May 29, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.1168

This German preclinical randomized crossover study assesses the anatomical understanding of resident and attending surgeons after reviewing patient cases by cinematic rendering and by computed tomography.

Role of Adjuvant Multimodality Therapy After Curative-Intent Resection of Ampullary Carcinoma

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 29, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.1170

This cohort study examines whether long-term survival after curative-intent resection of ampullary adenocarcinoma may be improved by selection of patients for adjuvant therapy directed by histologic subtype.

Invited Commentary

Advanced Volumetric 3-Dimensional Visualization of Surgical Anatomy—Are We There Yet?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 29, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.1169

Adjuvant Therapy for Ampullary Cancer

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 29, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.1171
Comment & Response

Understanding Limitations of the National Inpatient Sample to Facilitate its Proper Use

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 29, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.1172

Understanding Limitations of the National Inpatient Sample to Facilitate its Proper Use—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 29, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.1173
May 22, 2019
Original Investigation

Effect of Targeting Mean Arterial Pressure During Cardiopulmonary Bypass by Monitoring Cerebral Autoregulation on Postsurgical Delirium Among Older Patients: A Nested Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 22, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.1163

This nested randomized clinical trial compares the incidence of postsurgical delirium in older patients whose mean cerebral perfusion was optimized with those who received usual care during cardiopulmonary bypass in cardiac surgery.

Assessment of Anti–Factor Xa Levels of Patients Undergoing Colorectal Surgery Given Once-Daily Enoxaparin Prophylaxis: A Clinical Study Examining Enoxaparin Pharmacokinetics

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 22, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.1165

This nonrandomized clinical trial examines the adequacy of enoxaparin, 40 mg per day, for venous thromboembolism prophylaxis in patients undergoing colorectal surgery.

Invited Commentary

Cerebral Perfusion Goals During Cardiopulmonary Bypass—The Goldilocks Effect

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 22, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.1164

Prevention of Venous Thromboembolism in Colorectal Surgery With Enoxaparin: Are We Using the Right Dose?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 22, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.1166
Research Letter

Crowdsourced Traffic Data as an Emerging Tool to Monitor Car Crashes

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 22, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.1167

This study evaluates whether data from a crowdsourced traffic application can detect motor vehicle crashes faster than current reporting methods.

Correction

Error in Tables

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Surg. Published online May 22, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.1499
May 15, 2019
Original Investigation

Fracture Risk After Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass vs Adjustable Gastric Banding Among Medicare Beneficiaries

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 15, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.1157

This cohort study examines claims data from 42 345 Medicare beneficiaries who underwent Roux-en-y gastric bypass or adjustable gastric banding to compare the association of each of the procedures with incidence of nonvertebral fracture.

Invited Commentary

Understanding the Long-term Effects of Bariatric Surgery: From Weight Loss to Bone Health

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 15, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.1158

Planning for Retiring From Operating: “Will You Still Need Me, Will You Still Feed Me, When I’m Sixty-Four?”1

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 15, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.1160
Special Communication

Transition Planning for the Senior Surgeon: Guidance and Recommendations From the Society of Surgical Chairs

Abstract Full Text
has audio
JAMA Surg. Published online May 15, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.1159

This article combines a narrative review with a survey of the Society of Surgical Chairs membership to develop recommendations on end-of-career transitions for senior surgeons.

Comment & Response

Questioning the Higher Abscess Rate and Overall Cost of Care Associated With Nonoperative Management of Uncomplicated Acute Appendicitis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 15, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.1161

Questioning the Higher Abscess Rate and Overall Cost of Care Associated With Nonoperative Management of Uncomplicated Acute Appendicitis—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 15, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.1162
May 8, 2019
Original Investigation

Association of Brain Atrophy and Masseter Sarcopenia With 1-Year Mortality in Older Trauma Patients

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 8, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.0988

This cohort study uses opportunistic computed tomography imaging to investigate the association of masseter sarcopenia and brain atrophy with 1-year mortality among elderly patients who have sustained trauma.

Association Between Use of Enhanced Recovery After Surgery Protocol and Postoperative Complications in Colorectal Surgery: The Postoperative Outcomes Within Enhanced Recovery After Surgery Protocol (POWER) Study

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 8, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.0995

This cohort study examines the association between use of the Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) protocol in patients undergoing elective colorectal surgery and the incidence of postoperative complications.

Association of Statewide Implementation of the Prehospital Traumatic Brain Injury Treatment Guidelines With Patient Survival Following Traumatic Brain Injury: The Excellence in Prehospital Injury Care (EPIC) Study

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 8, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.1152

This study evaluates the association of implementing the nationally vetted, evidence-based, prehospital treatment guidelines with outcomes in moderate, severe, and critical traumatic brain injury.

Invited Commentary

When I’m 64 (Slices)—Prognostication in Geriatric Trauma

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 8, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.1011

Enhanced Recovery After Surgery—Knowing, Not Guessing

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 8, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.1008
JAMA Network Clinical Guideline Synopsis

Review of the EAST Practice Management Guideline: Evaluation and Management of Traumatic Diaphragmatic Injuries

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 8, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.1156

This Clinical Guideline Synopsis reviews the Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma (EAST) guidelines on traumatic diaphragmatic injuries.

Research Letter

Age-Associated Risk of 90-Day Postoperative Mortality After Cytoreductive Surgery for Advanced Ovarian Cancer

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 8, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.0907

This study explores the association of the risk of 90-day mortality with age for US women with advanced ovarian cancer undergoing cytoreductive surgery.

May 4, 2019
Invited Commentary

The Enhanced Recovery After Surgery in Cardiac Surgery Revolution

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Surg. Published online May 4, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.1154
Special Communication

Guidelines for Perioperative Care in Cardiac Surgery: Enhanced Recovery After Surgery Society Recommendations

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Surg. Published online May 4, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.1153

In this review, the Enhanced Recovery After Surgery Cardiac Society describes the evidence for a range of care options after cardiac surgery.

May 1, 2019
Original Investigation

Effect of Vein-First vs Artery-First Surgical Technique on Circulating Tumor Cells and Survival in Patients With Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer: A Randomized Clinical Trial and Registry-Based Propensity Score Matching Analysis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 1, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.0972

This study combines a randomized clinical trial with a data registry analysis to compare outcomes associated with vein-first vs artery-first sequences of blood vessel ligation during surgery on the dissemination of tumor cells and survival outcomes in patients with non–small cell lung cancer.

Invited Commentary

Small Modifications in Technique May Yield Large Rewards After Lung Cancer Surgery

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 1, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.1014
Review

Diagnostic Modalities for Acute Compartment Syndrome of the Extremities: A Systematic Review

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 1, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.1050

This systematic review discusses the advantages and disadvantages of each diagnostic modality for acute compartment syndrome and identifies the current gaps that need to be addressed in the future.

Comment & Response

Complicated and Uncomplicated Acute Appendicitis Are Different Diseases—Do Not Compare Apples With Oranges

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 1, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.1056

Complicated and Uncomplicated Acute Appendicitis Are Different Diseases—Do Not Compare Apples With Oranges—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 1, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.1059
Correction

Surname Update in Byline and Author Contributions

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Surg. Published online May 1, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.1256
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