This Viewpoint discusses the importance of surgeons’ having predeployment training on the rules and ethics that govern the decisions for care of injured people in volatile settings, such as wars and armed conflicts.
This German preclinical randomized crossover study assesses the anatomical understanding of resident and attending surgeons after reviewing patient cases by cinematic rendering and by computed tomography.
This cohort study examines whether long-term survival after curative-intent resection of ampullary adenocarcinoma may be improved by selection of patients for adjuvant therapy directed by histologic subtype.
This nested randomized clinical trial compares the incidence of postsurgical delirium in older patients whose mean cerebral perfusion was optimized with those who received usual care during cardiopulmonary bypass in cardiac surgery.
This nonrandomized clinical trial examines the adequacy of enoxaparin, 40 mg per day, for venous thromboembolism prophylaxis in patients undergoing colorectal surgery.
This study evaluates whether data from a crowdsourced traffic application can detect motor vehicle crashes faster than current reporting methods.
This cohort study examines claims data from 42 345 Medicare beneficiaries who underwent Roux-en-y gastric bypass or adjustable gastric banding to compare the association of each of the procedures with incidence of nonvertebral fracture.
This article combines a narrative review with a survey of the Society of Surgical Chairs membership to develop recommendations on end-of-career transitions for senior surgeons.
This cohort study uses opportunistic computed tomography imaging to investigate the association of masseter sarcopenia and brain atrophy with 1-year mortality among elderly patients who have sustained trauma.
This cohort study examines the association between use of the Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) protocol in patients undergoing elective colorectal surgery and the incidence of postoperative complications.
This study evaluates the association of implementing the nationally vetted, evidence-based, prehospital treatment guidelines with outcomes in moderate, severe, and critical traumatic brain injury.
This Clinical Guideline Synopsis reviews the Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma (EAST) guidelines on traumatic diaphragmatic injuries.
This study explores the association of the risk of 90-day mortality with age for US women with advanced ovarian cancer undergoing cytoreductive surgery.
In this review, the Enhanced Recovery After Surgery Cardiac Society describes the evidence for a range of care options after cardiac surgery.
This study combines a randomized clinical trial with a data registry analysis to compare outcomes associated with vein-first vs artery-first sequences of blood vessel ligation during surgery on the dissemination of tumor cells and survival outcomes in patients with non–small cell lung cancer.
This systematic review discusses the advantages and disadvantages of each diagnostic modality for acute compartment syndrome and identifies the current gaps that need to be addressed in the future.
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