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Year

Day

July 31, 2019
Viewpoint

Optimizing Joy in Surgery

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online July 31, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.1522

This Viewpoint describes 8 techniques that surgeons can use to cultivate joy in their work.

Original Investigation

Pacific Coast Surgical Association

Association of US News and World Report Top Ranking for Gastroenterology and Gastrointestinal Operation With Patient Outcomes in Abdominal Procedures

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online July 31, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.2327

This study examines 1 year of administrative, clinical, and financial data from US hospitals ranked in the top 50 for gastroenterology and gastrointestinal surgical procedures by US News & World Report and compares their abdominal operations outcomes with those of hospitals not included on the list.

Invited Commentary

The Relevance of Hospital Rankings in the Laparoscopic Era

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online July 31, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.2328
Research Letter

Assessment of Surgical Specialty Societies' Choosing Wisely Recommendations

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online July 31, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.2309

This research study assesses Choosing Wisely deimplementation recommendations from surgical specialty societies to ascertain how many are directly applicable to surgical procedures or under surgeons’ control.

Comment & Response

Racial Differences Influence Bariatric Surgery Outcomes

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online July 31, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.2329

Racial Differences Influence Bariatric Surgery Outcomes—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online July 31, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.2330
July 24, 2019
Original Investigation

Effectiveness of the American College of Surgeons Bleeding Control Basic Training Among Laypeople Applying Different Tourniquet Types: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online July 24, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.2275

This crossover randomized clinical trial assesses whether participants completing the American College of Surgeons Bleeding Control Basic training with Combat Application Tourniquets can effectively apply bleeding control principles using other tourniquet types.

Outcomes of Primary Chemotherapy for Borderline Resectable and Locally Advanced Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online July 24, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.2277

This study examines treatment compliance, conversion to surgery, and survival outcomes of patients with borderline resectable and locally advanced pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma undergoing primary chemotherapy.

Invited Commentary

Prehospital Hemorrhage Control—Leveraging Successes From Cardiac Arrest to Optimize Population-Level Effectiveness

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online July 24, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.2276

Neoadjuvant Therapy of Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma With Vascular Involvement Shows Promise

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online July 24, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.2278
Research Letter

Validation of Zip Code–Based Estimates of Ambulance Driving Distance to Control for Access to Care in Emergency Surgery Research

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online July 24, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.2179

This study uses Medicaid data files to estimate the association of estimated driving distance and reported driven ambulance miles from an injury site to a hospital during emergency medical service calls as a means to assess data accuracy for use in future research.

Comment & Response

Adhesive Small-Bowel Obstruction—Surgery for All?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online July 24, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.2306

Adhesive Small-Bowel Obstruction—Surgery for All?—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online July 24, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.2313

Safety and Benefit of Using Liver Grafts From Older Donors

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online July 24, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.2183

Safety and Benefit of Using Liver Grafts From Older Donors

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online July 24, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.2186

Safety and Benefit of Using Liver Grafts From Older Donors—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online July 24, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.2189
July 17, 2019
Viewpoint

Surgical Outcomes Club

How Implementation Science in Surgery is Done

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online July 17, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.1515

This Viewpoint describes implementation science research as it applies to surgical topics.

Original Investigation

Pacific Coast Surgical Association

Association of Work Measures and Specialty With Assigned Work Relative Value Units Among Surgeons

Abstract Full Text
has audio
JAMA Surg. Published online July 17, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.2295

This cross-sectional study evaluates the current system for generating and updating the data used to quantify the relative value unit of a surgeon’s work for each surgical procedure.

Factors Associated With Lymphedema in Women With Node-Positive Breast Cancer Treated With Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy and Axillary Dissection

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online July 17, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.1742

This cohort study examines factors associated with lymphedema after neoadjuvant chemotherapy and axillary lymph node dissection in women with node-positive breast cancer.

Invited Commentary

Need for More Objective Data to Determine Relative Value Units for Surgical Effort

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online July 17, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.2319

Lymphedema After Breast Cancer Treatment—Not Just the Surgeon’s Fault

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online July 17, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.1743
Research Letter

Pacific Coast Surgical Association

Assessment of Routine Esophagram for Detecting Anastomotic Leak After Esophagectomy

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online July 17, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.2162

This study assesses the value of routine esophagrams in detecting anastomotic leaks after esophagectomy.

Comment & Response

Prediction of Lymph Node Metastasis in Early Gastric Cancer by Collagen Signature—Endoscopists’ Viewpoint

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online July 17, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.2292

Prediction of Lymph Node Metastasis in Early Gastric Cancer by Collagen Signature—Endoscopists’ Viewpoint—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online July 17, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.2316
July 10, 2019
Original Investigation

Pacific Coast Surgical Association

Association Between Heart Failure and Postoperative Mortality Among Patients Undergoing Ambulatory Noncardiac Surgery

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online July 10, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.2110

This study compares the postoperative mortality risk among patients with vs without heart failure who undergo elective ambulatory surgery.

Comparison of Injured Older Adults Included in vs Excluded From Trauma Registries With 1-Year Follow-up

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online July 10, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.2279

This cohort study evaluates patient characteristics, injury patterns, surgical interventions, mortality, and causes of death up to 1 year after the index event among injured older adults who were included in compared with those who were excluded from trauma registries.

Invited Commentary

The True Outcomes of Geriatric Trauma—If We Do Not Count Them, We Will Never Know

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online July 10, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.2324
Special Communication

Recognizing and Reacting to Microaggressions in Medicine and Surgery

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online July 10, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.1648

This Special Communication elaborates on the concept of microaggressions and provides suggestions for how recipients or bystanders can respond to them.

Research Letter

Trends in the Inclusion of Black and Female Surgeons in Invited Visiting Professorships

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online July 10, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.2137

This study examines the changes in the composition of visiting professorships by race and sex at 25 academic surgical programs from 2007 through 2017.

July 3, 2019
Viewpoint

Surgical Outcomes Club

From Policy to Patient Care—The Cycle of Health Policy Research

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online July 3, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.1518

This Viewpoint describes 2 pathways by which surgeons can use their clinical knowledge to advocate for health care policies that will benefit patients.

Original Investigation

Pacific Coast Surgical Association

Trends in Diverting Loop Ileostomy vs Total Abdominal Colectomy as Surgical Management for Clostridium Difficile Colitis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online July 3, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.2141

This cohort study describes US trends in adopting loop ileostomy for treating fulminant C difficile colitis.

Lateral Nodal Features on Restaging Magnetic Resonance Imaging Associated With Lateral Local Recurrence in Low Rectal Cancer After Neoadjuvant Chemoradiotherapy or Radiotherapy

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online July 3, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.2172

This cohort study investigates the factors on primary and restaging magnetic resonance imaging that are associated with lateral local recurrence in low rectal cancer after chemoradiotherapy or radiotherapy and to formulate specific guidelines on which patients might benefit from a lateral lymph node dissection.

Invited Commentary

Loop Ileostomy vs Total Abdominal Colectomy—a Valid Alternative?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online July 3, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.2146

Lateral Lymph Nodes as the Achilles Heel of Low Rectal Cancer Surgery After Neoadjuvant Chemoradiation Therapy: Are We Close to Solving the Riddle?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online July 3, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.2220
JAMA Network Clinical Guideline Synopsis

Review of the Tokyo Guidelines 2018: Antimicrobial Therapy for Acute Cholangitis and Cholecystitis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online July 3, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.2169

This Clinical Guideline Synopsis reviews the Tokyo Guidelines 2018 on antimicrobial therapy for acute cholangitis and cholecystitis.

Comment & Response

Hawthorne Effect Should Be Controlled for in Quality Control Studies

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online July 3, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.2159

Hawthorne Effect Should Be Controlled for in Quality Control Studies—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online July 3, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.2166
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