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Year

Day

August 14, 2019
Viewpoint

When a Vital Sign Leads a Country Astray—The Opioid Epidemic

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online August 14, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.2104

This Viewpoint describes the origins of the opioid epidemic, including clinicians’ involvement in overprescribing opioid drugs, as well as some means to prevent future substance use disorder.

Original Investigation

Association of Discretionary Hospital Volume Standards for High-risk Cancer Surgery With Patient Outcomes and Access, 2005-2016

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online August 14, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.3017

This longitudinal cohort study evaluated Medicare claims of 516 392 patients who underwent high-risk cancer surgery from 2005 through 2016 to determine trends in 30-day mortality and postoperative complications in hospitals that met the Leapfrog volume standards vs those that did not meet the standards.

Novel Machine Learning Approach to Identify Preoperative Risk Factors Associated With Super-Utilization of Medicare Expenditure Following Surgery

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online August 14, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.2979

In this cohort study, health care expenditures among patients in the year preceding and following elective surgery are evaluated with a machine learning approach to identify clinical and comorbid patterns that may be associated with an increased risk of health care super-utilization in the year following surgery.

Association Between Pancreatic Fistula and Long-term Survival in the Era of Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online August 14, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.2272

This cohort study examines the rate of postoperative pancreatic fistula in patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma receiving upfront resection or neoadjuvant therapy.

Invited Commentary

Volume Standards for High-risk Cancer Surgery

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online August 14, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.3018

Surgical Hot Spotting: Who Becomes a Super-Utilizer After Surgery?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online August 14, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.2999
Research Letter

Variability in Opioid-Prescribing Patterns in Endocrine Surgery and Discordance With Patient Use

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online August 14, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.2518

This study examines the variations in opioid-prescribing habits in a single endocrine surgery practice.

Comment & Response

Combination of Surgery With Extensive Intraoperative Peritoneal Lavage for Patients With Advanced Gastric Cancer

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online August 14, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.2655

Combination of Surgery With Extensive Intraoperative Peritoneal Lavage for Patients With Advanced Gastric Cancer

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online August 14, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.2658

Combination of Surgery With Extensive Intraoperative Peritoneal Lavage for Patients With Advanced Gastric Cancer

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online August 14, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.2661

Combination of Surgery With Extensive Intraoperative Peritoneal Lavage for Patients With Advanced Gastric Cancer—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online August 14, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.2667
August 7, 2019
Original Investigation

Perceptions of Surgery Residents About Parental Leave During Training

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online August 7, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.2985

This survey study explores perceptions about parental leave from US general surgery residents.

Association of Residents' Neural Signatures With Stress Resilience During Surgery

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online August 7, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.2552

This cohort study compares prefrontal cortex activation between surgeons demonstrating stable performance under temporal stress with those exhibiting stress-related performance decline.

Invited Commentary

Remembering the Hippocratic Oath in Surgical Training

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online August 7, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.3013
Research Letter

Efficacy of Prehospital Criteria in Identifying Trauma Patients Susceptible to Undertriage

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online August 7, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.2497

This study examined emergency department medical records to identify cases of inappropriately low trauma-level activation and factors associated with the risk of such undertriage.

Comment & Response

Fractures While Walking Leashed Dogs

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online August 7, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.2652

Fractures While Walking Leashed Dogs—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online August 7, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.2664
August 6, 2019
Editorial

Screening for Pancreatic Cancer Gets a D, But the Student Is Improving

Abstract Full Text
has audio
JAMA Surg. Published online August 6, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.2832

This Editorial discusses the importance of the US Preventive Services Task Force recommendation statement on screening for pancreatic cancer.

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