This Viewpoint describes the origins of the opioid epidemic, including clinicians’ involvement in overprescribing opioid drugs, as well as some means to prevent future substance use disorder.
This longitudinal cohort study evaluated Medicare claims of 516 392 patients who underwent high-risk cancer surgery from 2005 through 2016 to determine trends in 30-day mortality and postoperative complications in hospitals that met the Leapfrog volume standards vs those that did not meet the standards.
In this cohort study, health care expenditures among patients in the year preceding and following elective surgery are evaluated with a machine learning approach to identify clinical and comorbid patterns that may be associated with an increased risk of health care super-utilization in the year following surgery.
This cohort study examines the rate of postoperative pancreatic fistula in patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma receiving upfront resection or neoadjuvant therapy.
This study examines the variations in opioid-prescribing habits in a single endocrine surgery practice.
This survey study explores perceptions about parental leave from US general surgery residents.
This cohort study compares prefrontal cortex activation between surgeons demonstrating stable performance under temporal stress with those exhibiting stress-related performance decline.
This study examined emergency department medical records to identify cases of inappropriately low trauma-level activation and factors associated with the risk of such undertriage.
This Editorial discusses the importance of the US Preventive Services Task Force recommendation statement on screening for pancreatic cancer.
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