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Day

May 27, 2020
Viewpoint

Fixing Organ Donation: What Gets Measured, Gets Fixed

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 27, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.0748

This Viewpoint discusses why a metric to hold organ procurement organizations accountable to performance standards that is based on ventilated deaths and electronic health records data is problematic.

Original Investigation

Bariatric Surgery and Long-term Survival in Patients With Obesity and End-stage Kidney Disease

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 27, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.0829

This study investigates whether bariatric surgery is associated with improvement in long-term survival among patients with obesity and end-stage kidney disease.

Gastrointestinal Complications After Pancreatoduodenectomy With Epidural vs Patient-Controlled Intravenous Analgesia: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 27, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.0794

This randomized clinical trial examines whether postoperative patient-controlled intravenous analgesia decreases the occurrence of gastrointestinal (GI) complications after pancreatic surgery compared with perioperative thoracic epidural analgesia.

Invited Commentary

Bariatric Surgeons Should Operate on Patients With Obesity Who Are Receiving Dialysis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 27, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.0862
Research Letter

Trends in Sex and Racial/Ethnic Diversity in Applicants to Surgery Residency and Fellowship Programs

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 27, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.1018

This study uses the Electronic Residency Application Service database and Association of American Medical Colleges records to investigate trends in sex and racial/ethnic diversity of the applicant pool to US surgical residency and fellowship programs.

Comment & Response

Regionalization of Pancreatectomy for Pancreatic Cancer

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 27, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.0842

Regionalization of Pancreatectomy for Pancreatic Cancer

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 27, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.0850

Regionalization of Pancreatectomy for Pancreatic Cancer—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 27, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.0859
May 20, 2020
Viewpoint

Time for Action to Address the Persistent Sex-Based Disparity in Liver Transplant Access

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 20, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.1126

This Viewpoint describes why sex-based disparities in liver transplant exist and how to address this problem.

Original Investigation

Effects of Gender Bias and Stereotypes in Surgical Training: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
has audio
JAMA Surg. Published online May 20, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.1127

This randomized clinical trial evaluates the effects of pro-male stereotypes on female surgical residents.

Association of Video Completed by Audio in Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy With Improvements in Operative Reporting

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 20, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.0741

This multicenter observational study examines the usefulness of audio recordings during laparoscopic cholecystectomy procedures as a means to resolve discrepancies between videos and narrative operative notes.

Association of Mentorship and a Formal Robotic Proficiency Skills Curriculum With Subsequent Generations’ Learning Curve and Safety for Robotic Pancreaticoduodenectomy

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 20, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.1040

This study evaluates the association of mentorship and a formal proficiency-based skills curriculum with the learning curves of 3 generations of surgeons and the association with increased patient safety.

Quantifying Sex-Based Disparities in Liver Allocation

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 20, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.1129

This cohort study assesses whether sex disparities in wait list mortality and deceased donor liver transplant are associated with geographic location, candidate anthropometric and liver measurements, and Model for End-stage Liver Disease score.

Invited Commentary

Gender Bias and Stereotypes in Surgical Training: Is It Really Women Residents We Need to Worry About?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 20, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.1561

Surgical Training Benefits From the Cumulative Outcomes of Proficiency-Based Training and Mentorship

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 20, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.1041

Sex Does Matter in Liver Allocation—Time to Address Existing Sex-Based Disparities

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 20, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.1130
JAMA Network Clinical Guideline Synopsis

Review of the Southampton Consensus Guidelines for Laparoscopic Liver Surgery

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 20, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.0802

This Clinical Guideline Synopsis reviews the Southampton Consensus Guidelines for Laparoscopic Liver Surgery.

Research Letter

Association of Electronic Surgical Consent Forms With Entry Error Rates

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 20, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.1014

This study compares use of electronic surgical consent forms with paper-based forms and their association with decreased error rates.

Comment & Response

Prehospital Plasma Transfusion and Survival in Trauma Patients With Hemorrhagic Shock

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 20, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.1131
May 13, 2020
Viewpoint

Reflections of a Millennial Surgeon: The Changing Face of Medical Education

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 13, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.0751

This Viewpoint discusses changes in medical education and the unique challenges they present to millenial-generation medical trainees.

Original Investigation

Clinical Efficacy of Combined Surgical Patient Safety System and the World Health Organization’s Checklists in Surgery: A Nonrandomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
open access
JAMA Surg. Published online May 13, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.0989

This nonrandomized clinical trial investigates the association of combining the preoperative and postoperative Surgical Patient Safety System with the World Health Organization surgical safety checklist in perioperative care with morbidity, mortality, and length of hospital stay among patients in 3 surgical departments.

Risk of Emergency Surgery or Death After Initial Nonoperative Management of Complicated Diverticulitis in Scotland and Switzerland

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 13, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.0757

This study investigates patient management and outcomes after an index inpatient episode of nonoperatively managed complicated diverticulitis in Switzerland and Scotland and examines whether interval resection was associated with the rate of disease-specific emergency surgery or death.

Invited Commentary

Checklists Combined—Achieving More Than the Sum of the Parts

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 13, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.1024
Surgical Innovation

Whole-Blood Resuscitation of Injured Patients: Innovating from the Past

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 13, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.0811

This article reviews the use of cold-stored low-titer anti-A and anti-B group O whole-blood transfusion for treatment of hemorrhagic shock and coagulopathy after injury.

Research Letter

Feasibility of Integration of Resident Surgical Evaluations Into the Electronic Medical Record

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 13, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.0845

This cohort study of resident physicians and faculty members at a single academic center examines the usability and acceptability of a resident evaluation tool integrated into an electronic medical records system.

Comment & Response

Extent of Breast Surgery After Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy for Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 13, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.1001

Extent of Breast Surgery After Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy for Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 13, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.1021
May 6, 2020
Viewpoint

A Healthy Dose of Price Transparency in US Health Care Services

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 6, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.0754

This Viewpoint advocates for increases in price transparency in US health care services.

Original Investigation

Association of Surgical Skill Assessment With Clinical Outcomes in Cancer Surgery

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 6, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.1004

This cohort study examines surgical skill within advanced laparoscopic procedures and its association with histopathological and clinical outcomes.

Invited Commentary

Considering Surgeon Skill in Randomized Clinical Trials

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 6, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.1039
Review

Postoperative Mortality of Indigenous Populations Compared With Nonindigenous Populations: A Systematic Review

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 6, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.0316

This systematic review describes postoperative mortality experiences for minority indigenous populations compared with numerically dominant nonindigenous populations and examines the factors that drive any differences observed.

Research Letter

The Contribution of Surgical Nongovernmental Organizations to Global Surgical Care: An Estimate of Annual Caseload

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 6, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.0853

This study surveys surgical nongovernmental organizations to estimate their contribution to global surgical delivery.

Comment & Response

Reactive Artificial Intelligence Using Big Data in the Era of Precision Medicine

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 6, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.0839

Reactive Artificial Intelligence Using “Big Data” in the Era of Precision Medicine—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online May 6, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.0856
Correction

Error in Conflict of Interest Disclosures

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Surg. Published online May 6, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.1213
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